Viswakarma in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 39 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Telugu 1,221,000
Tamil 687,000
Kanchari 259,000
Vadrangi 233,000
Kammari 229,000
Kansali 185,000
Pandy 88,000
Sozhia 46,000
Thacchan 22,000
Kumbakonam 12,000

Introduction / History

Vishwakarmas are also known as Vishwabrahmins. They are followers of Vishvakarman, the Hindu presiding deity of all craftsman and architects, from whom all Vishwakarmas claimed to have descended from. Hence, today the term Vishwarkama denotes a community or group of castes of artisans from India. These castes are the goldsmith, carpenter, blacksmith, copper-smith, stone-mason.

Aside from being known as Vishwabrahmins, they are also called Panchal meaning "specialized in five different works;" Kavi, Madhvi, Suhastasour and Narashansha identical castes in ancient Vedic reference; Rathakar, because they used to make the chariot for ancient kings; and Karmmalar in the Madras. Depending on which side - Northern or Southern side of India- the reference is made, there are many more names associated with the Vishwakarmas.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Vishwakarmas played a vital role in the Indian village economy where their communities are widely spread across the country. They considered themselves "missionaries of civilization, culture and religion" as they spread Hinduism through their art. They have contributed greatly to Indian civilization and culture as city and temple builders, engineers, architects, and artists. In ancient India, Vishwabrahmins where highly regarded. However, they are not as highly esteemed by the Brahmins - the priestly castes. The origin of such feud is largely unknown, but one reason was the refusal of Brahmins to recognize the status of the Vishwakarmas to be at par with their status. The Vishwakarmas has also rejected the "pastorship" or "leadership" or "supremacy" of the Brahmins and have set themselves up as spiritual guides and religious teachers.

Their communal identity has always been strongly tied to their profession. With industrialization and more recently, globalization, the traditional artisan trade has been greatly affected. The economic and technological forces are buffeting their profession to extinction. This has contributed to a sort of identity crises - being unable to identify with the upper castes or the lower castes. They also have a rather unpopular history (until the 1980s) of identifying with the communists. Their socio-economic status varies from a very high level to the low level in different parts of India as they earned high wages in towns because of their factory employment and low in villages.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Their claim of "Brahminism" is based on their claims of lineage from the Hindu God, Vishvakarman who is claimed to be the lord of creation. Also, they claimed that it was the Vishvakarmas who are the real architects of the Indus Valley and the Brahmins are only usurpers of the glory.


Profile Source:   Toni Tagimacruz  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-08-10
People Name General Viswakarma
People Name in Country Viswakarma
Population in India 7,672,000
World Population 7,679,300
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 153
Alternate Names Achari, Achari Thacher, Achary, Akkasale, Asari, Asari Oddi, Brahmalu, Chettian, Chola, Gejjigar, Kamar, Kammalan, Kammalar, Kammiyar, Kamsala, Kannalan, Kannalar, Kollar Ponkollar, Manu, Mukkuvar, Ojali, Ozuu, Pancha Brahma, Panchal, Panchal Brahma, Panchala, Pandithattan, Pandya, Pathuria, Shilpi, Silpi, Sozhia, Sthapathi, Sthapathulu, Sutar, Thocher, Vaddra, Vishvakarma, Vishwa Brahman, Vishwa Brahmin, Vishwabrahman, Vishwakarma, Viswa Brahman, Viswabrahma, Viswabrahman, Viswajana, Viswakammala, Vojali, Waggai, विस्वाकर्मा
People ID 18314
ROP3 Code 113861
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Group Viswakarma
Ethnic Code CNN23d
Total Subgroups 39 (only 15 largest shown)
  Telugu 1,221,000
  Tamil 687,000
  Kanchari 259,000
  Vadrangi 233,000
  Kammari 229,000
  Kansali 185,000
  Pandy 88,000
  Sozhia 46,000
  Thacchan 22,000
  Kumbakonam 12,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 28
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
2,667,000
Andhra Pradesh
2,006,000
Karnataka
1,283,000
Kerala
904,000
Telangana
487,000
Maharashtra
232,000
Puducherry
35,000
Goa
17,000
Delhi
11,000
Odisha
9,300
Gujarat
7,500
West Bengal
4,300
Chhattisgarh
2,100
Madhya Pradesh
1,700
Assam
900
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 28  (only 20 largest shown)
  Tamil Nadu 2,667,000
  Andhra Pradesh 2,006,000
  Karnataka 1,283,000
  Kerala 904,000
  Telangana 487,000
  Maharashtra 232,000
  Puducherry 35,000
  Goa 17,000
  Delhi 11,000
  Odisha 9,300
  Gujarat 7,500
  West Bengal 4,300
  Chhattisgarh 2,100
  Madhya Pradesh 1,700
  Assam 900
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Telugu (2,842,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 16
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil
2,479,000
Kannada
988,000
Malayalam
943,000
Marathi
169,000
Tulu
105,000
Konkani, Goan
56,000
Hindi
50,000
Konkani
20,000
Ahirani
2,200
Odia
2,100
Gujarati
1,700
Bengali
1,600
Khandesi
500
Kodava
300
Chhattisgarhi
200
Other People Groups Speaking Telugu
Primary Language Telugu (2,842,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 16
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Tamil 2,479,000
  Kannada 988,000
  Malayalam 943,000
  Marathi 169,000
  Tulu 105,000
  Konkani, Goan 56,000
  Hindi 50,000
  Konkani 20,000
  Ahirani 2,200
  Odia 2,100
  Gujarati 1,700
  Bengali 1,600
  Khandesi 500
  Kodava 300
  Chhattisgarhi 200
People Groups Speaking Telugu

Primary Language:  Telugu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1812-1966)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1818-1989)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1854-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Telugu
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Telugu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Pearl of Great Price (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.12 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.84 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.04 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source Toni Tagimacruz  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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