Country:

India

State: Maharashtra
District: All

Number of People Groups

888

Unreached People Groups

827

Total Population

125,058,000

Buddhist

5.3 %

Christian

0.9 %

Hindu

80.8 %

Muslim

10.9 %

Sikh

0.2 %

Other Religions

1.9 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Adi 60 Adi 60 - - - - -
 Adi Andhra 2,800 Telugu 2,700 - - 90 - -
 Adi Dravida 42,000 Tamil 40,000 - 1,900 100 - -
Adi Dravida Christian 1,400 Tamil - - - 1,400 - -
 Adi Karnataka 7,400 Kannada 7,300 - 80 - - -
Adi Karnataka Christian 30 Kannada - - - 30 - -
 Agamudaiyan 4,700 Tamil 4,700 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Mukkulattar 800 Tamil 800 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Nattaman 2,400 Tamil 2,400 - - - - -
 Agariya (Hindu traditions) 100 Agariya 100 - - - - -
Ager (Hindu traditions) 900 Kannada 800 - 30 - - -
 Aghori 90 Hindi 90 - - - - -
 Agri 357,000 Marathi 347,000 - 9,900 - - -
 Aguri 1,600 Bengali 1,600 - - - - -
 Ahmadi 2,100 Urdu - 2,100 - - - -
Ahom 70 Assamese 70 - - - - -
Aiyanavar 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
Alitkar Salankar 800 Marathi 800 - - - - -
Alkari 500 Marathi 500 - - - - -
Alwar 200 Marwari 200 - - - - -
Ambalavasi 30 Malayalam 30 - - - - -
Ambattan 1,900 Tamil 1,900 - - - - -
Ambattan Christian 100 Malayalam - - - 100 - -
Anamuk 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
 Andh 473,000 Marathi 469,000 700 800 60 50 2,100
 Angami 300 Naga, Angami - - - 300 - -
Anglo 24,000 English - - - 24,000 - -
 Ansari 704,000 Urdu - 704,000 - - - -
 Ao 20 Naga, Ao - - - 20 - -
 Arab 800 Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken - 800 - - - -
 Arain (Muslim traditions) 200 Urdu - 200 - - - -
 Arakh 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Aray Mala 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Arayan 80 Malayalam 80 - - - - -
 Armenian 300 Armenian, Western - - - 300 - -
 Arora (Hindu traditions) 1,800 Hindi 1,800 - - - - -
 Arora (Sikh traditions) 5,500 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 5,500 -
 Arwa Mala 500 Tamil 500 - - - - -
 Assamese (Muslim traditions) 200 Assamese - 200 - - - -
Atari 1,900 Urdu - 1,900 - - - -
 Audhelia 200 Chhattisgarhi 200 - - - - -
Ayyanavar 1,000 Malayalam 1,000 - - - - -
Badaik 600 Sadri 600 - - - - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 922,000 Hindi 915,000 - 6,400 400 - 20
Badhai Kharadi 11,000 Gujarati 10,000 - 100 - - -
Badhai Konkani 47,000 Marathi 47,000 - 700 - - -
Badhi (Hindu traditions) 3,900 Hindi 3,800 - 40 - - -
 Bagdi 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - -
 Baghban (Muslim traditions) 1,800 Urdu - 1,800 - - - -
Bagwan 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Baha'i 6,400 Hindi - - - - - 6,400
 Bahelia (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Bahna (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Bahrupi 4,100 Marathi 4,100 - - - - -
 Baidya (Hindu traditions) 700 Bengali 700 - - - - -
 Baiga 500 Hindi 400 20 20 20 - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 161,000 Hindi 161,000 - 500 - - 40
 Baiti 31,000 Marathi 31,000 - - - - -
Bajania 1,800 Gujarati 1,800 - - - - -
Bajgar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Bajikar (Muslim traditions) 100 Bengali - 100 - - - -
Bakad 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Balai (Hindu traditions) 17,000 Hindi 17,000 - 200 - - -
Balasantoshi 23,000 Marathi 23,000 - 20 - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 49,000 Kannada 49,000 - - - - -
Balija (Muslim traditions) 200 Telugu - 200 - - - -
Balija Bogam 1,700 Telugu 1,700 - - - - -
Balija Bolla 4,800 Telugu 4,800 - - - - -
Balija Dasari 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Baloch 1,200 Urdu - 1,200 - - - -
 Bangali (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bania 3,655,000 Hindi 2,616,000 - - - 100 1,039,000
 Bania Agarwal 318,000 Hindi 221,000 - - - - 96,000
 Bania Agrahari 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
Bania Bannore 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
Bania Bhatia 9,200 Gujarati 9,200 - - - - -
Bania Brittal 40 Assamese 40 - - - - -
Bania Chaturth 28,000 Marathi 3,700 - - - - 25,000
 Bania Chetti 81,000 Tamil 69,000 - - - - 12,000
Bania Dhusar 6,100 Hindi 6,100 - - - - -
 Bania Gahoi 11,000 Hindi 7,400 - - - - 3,600
Bania Golapurab 80 Hindi 40 - - - - 40
Bania Gujar 127,000 Gujarati 126,000 - - - - 200
 Bania Jaiswal 17,000 Hindi 5,300 - - - - 12,000
Bania Kasar 14,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - - 50
 Bania Kasarwani 9,400 Hindi 9,200 - - - - 200
 Bania Kasaundhan 10,000 Hindi 10,000 - - - - -
Bania Khandelwal 4,800 Hindi 1,500 - - - - 3,400
 Bania Khedayata 1,600 Gujarati 1,600 - - - - -
 Bania Komti 43,000 Telugu 40,000 - - - - 2,600
 Bania Lad 52,000 Gujarati 47,000 - - - - 4,200
Bania Mahajan 17,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - 300
 Bania Mahesri 29,000 Hindi 29,000 - - - - -
 Bania Mahur 56,000 Hindi 49,000 - - - - 7,100
Bania Marwadi 4,300 Marwari 4,300 - - - - -
Bania Mewada 5,800 Gujarati 200 - - - - 5,600
Bania Modh 3,700 Gujarati 3,500 - - - - 100
Bania Nagar 7,400 Gujarati 7,400 - - - - -
 Bania Nima 36,000 Hindi 14,000 - - - - 23,000
 Bania Oswal 126,000 Hindi 30,000 - - - - 97,000
Bania Palliwal 2,500 Hindi - - - - - 2,500
Bania Pancham 36,000 Kannada 5,700 - - - - 30,000
 Bania Porwal 55,000 Hindi 26,000 - - - - 29,000
Bania Saitwal 42,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - 26,000
 Bania Srimali 66,000 Gujarati 24,000 - - - - 42,000
Bania Ummad 48,000 Hindi 19,000 - - - - 30,000
Banijiga 16,000 Kannada 16,000 - - - - -
 Banjara (Hindu traditions) 1,061,000 Lambadi 1,052,000 - 8,500 200 - -
 Banjara (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Banjara Rathod (Hindu traditions) 95,000 Lambadi 95,000 - 300 - - -
 Baori 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Barda 2,200 Marathi 2,200 20 - - - -
 Bari (Hindu traditions) 90,000 Hindi 89,000 - 1,300 50 - -
 Baria (Hindu traditions) 24,000 Gujarati 24,000 - 400 - - -
Barutgar 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Barwala (Hindu traditions) 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Basor 55,000 Hindi 55,000 - 700 20 - -
Basor Kandra 2,800 Marathi 2,700 - - 20 - -
 Bauri 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Bavcha 500 Gujarati 500 - - - - -
 Bawaria (Hindu traditions) 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Bawaria (Sikh traditions) 1,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,100 -
 Bazigar (Hindu traditions) 3,900 Punjabi, Eastern 3,900 - - - - -
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 13,000 Kannada 13,000 - 20 - - -
Bedar Bile 2,400 Kannada 2,400 - - - - -
Bedar Kashmir (Muslim traditions) 1,500 Urdu - 1,500 - - - -
 Bedia (Hindu traditions) 9,300 Hindi 9,300 - - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 293,000 Kannada 293,000 - 600 - - -
 Beldar (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Beldar Lonari (Hindu traditions) 21,000 Kannada 20,000 - 50 - - -
Beldar Mith Gauda 300 Konkani, Goan 300 - - - - -
Beldar Sunkar 6,000 Kannada 6,000 - - - - -
 Bhaina 300 Chhattisgarhi 200 60 - - - -
 Bhampta 35,000 Marathi 35,000 - - - - -
Bhand (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
 Bhand (Muslim traditions) 1,100 Urdu - 1,100 - - - -
 Bhandari 2,500 Odia 2,500 - - - - -
 Bhangi (Muslim traditions) 7,900 Urdu - 7,900 - - - -
Bhangi Lal Begi (Muslim traditions) 1,000 Urdu - 1,000 - - - -
Bhansala 171,000 Marathi 171,000 - - - - -
Bhansali Vegu 100 Marathi 100 - - - - -
 Bhantu 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Bhar 500 Bhojpuri 500 - - - - -
 Bharbhunja (Hindu traditions) 4,400 Hindi 4,400 - - - - -
 Bharia Bhumia 1,300 Hindi 1,300 - - - - 20
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) 50,000 Hindi 50,000 - - - - -
Bhathiara (Muslim traditions) 3,100 Urdu - 3,100 - - - -
 Bhatia (Hindu traditions) 16,000 Hindi 16,000 - - - - -
 Bhattra 1,100 Bhatri 1,100 20 - - 20 -
Bhavin 200 Konkani 200 - - - - -
Bhavit 5,700 Konkani, Goan 5,700 - - - - -
 Bhil 2,582,000 Hindi 2,463,000 65,000 2,100 14,000 500 37,000
Bhil Aher 33,000 Marathi 33,000 20 - - - 60
Bhil Dhangri 400 Dungra Bhil 300 - - - - -
Bhil Dhanka 21,000 Gujarati 21,000 30 - - - 30
 Bhil Dubla 53,000 Bhili 52,000 60 - 20 - 80
Bhil Kataria 1,200 Wagdi 1,200 - - - - -
Bhil Mankar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Bhil Mavchi (Hindu traditions) 180,000 Mawchi 173,000 3,100 30 900 - 2,300
Bhil Nihal 38,000 Hindi 34,000 2,500 - - - 1,500
Bhil Paware 94,000 Marathi 89,000 2,800 - 400 - 1,900
Bhil Tadvi 66,000 Dangi 29,000 33,000 - 40 - 3,300
Bhil Vasave 616,000 Vasavi 588,000 13,000 200 2,200 100 11,000
 Bhisti 2,500 Urdu - 2,500 - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 540,000 Hindi 539,000 - 1,100 - - -
 Bhotia Sikkim 100 Sikkimese - - 100 - - -
Bhottada 50 Kuvi 50 - - - - -
 Bhoyar 64,000 Hindi 64,000 - - - - -
 Bhuinmali 300 Bengali 300 - - - - -
 Bhuiya 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Bhulia 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Bhumij 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
Bhunjia 2,200 Bhunjia 2,100 - - - - -
 Biar (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Bidur 298,000 Marathi 298,000 - 500 - - -
Bindla 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Binjhia 8,800 Hindi 8,700 - - - - -
Birhor 200 Birhor 200 - - - - -
 Birjia 400 Bijori 400 - - - - -
 Bodo (Hindu traditions) Unknown Boro - - - - - -
 Bohra 270,000 Gujarati - 270,000 - - - -
 Boya 19,000 Telugu 19,000 - - - - -
Brahma Kshatriya 4,000 Gujarati 4,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin 4,783,000 Hindi 4,638,000 - 400 500 - 141,000
 Brahmin (Sikh traditions) 1,200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,200 -
 Brahmin Acharaj 1,400 Hindi 1,400 - - - - -
Brahmin Anavada 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Anavala 6,700 Gujarati 6,700 - - - - -
 Brahmin Audich 6,800 Gujarati 6,800 - - - - -
Brahmin Bengali 4,700 Bengali 4,700 - - - - -
 Brahmin Bhumihar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Brahmin Chitpavan 377,000 Marathi 377,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Christian 800 Tamil - - - 800 - -
Brahmin Daima 4,100 Hindi 4,100 - - - - -
 Brahmin Deshastha 420,000 Marathi 420,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Devarukha 25,000 Marathi 25,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaud Saraswat 150,000 Marathi 150,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaur 177,000 Hindi 177,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Golak 22,000 Marathi 22,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gujar Gaur 18,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gujarati 93,000 Gujarati 93,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Havik 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Brahmin Joshi 45,000 Hindi 45,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kanaujia 188,000 Hindi 188,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kannada 41,000 Kannada 41,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Karbadu 57,000 Marathi 57,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Karhada 48,000 Marathi 48,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kashmiri Pandit 21,000 Kashmiri 21,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Khandelwal 8,200 Hindi 8,200 - - - - -
Brahmin Khedawal 6,000 Gujarati 6,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Maha 2,900 Hindi 2,900 - - - - -
Brahmin Mahratta 132,000 Marathi 132,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Malvi 3,300 Malvi 3,300 - - - - -
Brahmin Marwadi 17,000 Marwari 17,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Mastan 500 Odia 500 - - - - -
Brahmin Mewada 9,800 Gujarati 9,800 - - - - -
Brahmin Modh 7,700 Gujarati 7,700 - - - - -
Brahmin Nagar 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Ojha 11,000 Hindi 11,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Palliwal 3,800 Hindi 3,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Pushkarna 1,800 Marwari 1,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sakaldwipi 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sanadhya 171,000 Hindi 171,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Saraswat 82,000 Hindi 82,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sawaria 244,000 Hindi 244,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Srigaud 3,100 Hindi 3,100 - - - - -
Brahmin Srimali 2,800 Hindi 2,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Tamil 10,000 Tamil 10,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Tapodhan 2,000 Gujarati 2,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Telugu 26,000 Telugu 26,000 - - - - -
 Budega Jangam 27,000 Kannada 27,000 - - - - -
Buna (Hindu traditions) 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Burmese 1,000 Burmese - - 1,000 - - -
Byagara 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
Byari (Beary) 27,000 Konkani - 27,000 - - - -
 Chadar 80 Hindi 80 - - - - -
 Chain 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
Chakkiliyan (Christian traditions) 40 Tamil - - - 30 - -
 Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions) 4,700 Tamil 4,600 - 60 30 - -
 Chalvadi 3,300 Kannada 2,800 - 500 - - -
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 1,435,000 Hindi 1,390,000 - 33,000 13,000 - -
 Chamar (Sikh traditions) 700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 700 -
Chamar Satnami 32,000 Hindi 31,000 - 600 200 - -
Chandala 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
Chapparband (Hindu traditions) 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Chapparband (Muslim traditions) 2,400 Urdu - 2,400 - - - -
 Charan (Hindu traditions) 34,000 Gujarati 34,000 - - - - -
 Chaudhari, tribal 60 Gujarati 60 - - - - -
 Chenchu 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
 Chenna Dasar 600 Kannada 600 - - - - -
Cheruman (Hindu traditions) 2,400 Malayalam 2,400 - 40 - - -
Cherumar Christian 500 Malayalam - - - 500 - -
 Chhetri 700 Nepali 700 - 40 - - -
Chhimba (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Chhimba (Sikh traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,000 -
 Chhipa (Hindu traditions) 35,000 Hindi 33,000 - 100 - - 2,400
 Chhipa (Sikh traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 60 -
 Chitara 1,700 Odia 1,700 - - - - -
Chitrakar (Hindu traditions) 44,000 Marathi 44,000 - - - - -
 Chodhara 400 Chodri 300 - 30 - - -
 Christian 65,000 Hindi - - - 65,000 - -
 Dabgar (Hindu traditions) 52,000 Marathi 52,000 - - - - -
 Dahait 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Dakkal 1,000 Telugu 1,000 - - - - -
Dandigan 600 Marathi 600 - - - - -
 Dangi 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
 Darjee 50 Nepali 50 - - - - -
 Darzi (Hindu traditions) 723,000 Hindi 707,000 - 6,100 - - 9,900
 Darzi (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Darzi (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
 Darzi Namdev (Hindu traditions) 33,000 Gujarati 33,000 - 200 - - -
Depala 80 Gujarati 80 - - - - -
 Deshwali (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Devadiga (Hindu traditions) 6,600 Tulu 6,600 - - - - -
Devadiga Kalavant 800 Konkani 800 - - - - -
 Devanga 28,000 Kannada 27,000 - 900 - - -
 Devipujak Vaghri (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Gujarati 14,000 - 200 - - -
Dewar 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
 Dhakad 400 Hindi 400 - - - - 20
Dhale 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Dhangar Bharwad 144,000 Gujarati 139,000 800 2,200 900 - 800
Dhangri 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
 Dhanka 35,000 Gujarati 27,000 7,200 30 40 - 700
 Dhanuk 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Dhanwar 4,300 Chhattisgarhi 4,200 - 20 - - -
Dhavad 1,700 Marathi - 1,700 - - - -
 Dhimar 526,000 Hindi 524,000 - 1,900 80 - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 673,000 Hindi 664,000 - 9,000 - - 200
 Dhobi (Muslim traditions) 21,000 Urdu - 21,000 - - - -
Dhobi Parit 157,000 Marathi 155,000 - 1,500 - - -
 Dhodia 18,000 Gujarati 17,000 50 20 - - 90
 Dhor 116,000 Marathi 115,000 - 900 50 - -
Divehi 200 Maldivian - 200 - - - -
Dohor 19,000 Hindi 19,000 - 100 - - -
Dom (Dombara) 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Dom (Hindu traditions) 3,600 Odia 3,500 - 20 - - -
 Dubla 19,000 Dubli 19,000 60 30 - - 50
 Dudekula 100 Telugu - 100 - - - -
Dulia 50 Bengali 50 - - - - -
 Dusadh (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Ellamalawar 3,300 Kannada 3,300 - 40 - - -
 Faqir 1,900 Urdu 200 1,700 - - 20 -
 Gadaba 800 Telugu 800 - - - - -
 Gadaria (Hindu traditions) 5,300 Hindi 5,300 - - - - -
Gadaria Dhingar 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
Gadaria Nikhad 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Gamit 68,000 Gamit 64,000 300 - 2,500 20 400
Gammalla Unknown Odia - - - - - -
 Ganda 600 Odia 600 - - - - -
Gandharb (Muslim traditions) 800 Gujarati - 800 - - - -
 Gandla 5,900 Telugu 5,900 - - - - -
 Gangakula 31,000 Kannada 31,000 - 80 - - -
Gaondi 2,100 Marathi 2,000 - - - - 20
 Garoda (Hindu traditions) 600 Gujarati 600 - - - - -
Garoda (Muslim traditions) 100 Urdu - 100 - - - -
Garpaguri 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - 80 - - -
 Gauda 900 Odia 900 - - - - -
Ghadasi 8,100 Marathi 8,100 - - - - -
Ghadi 1,100 Konkani, Goan 1,100 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Gujarati 12,000 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Muslim traditions) 26,000 Gujarati - 26,000 - - - -
 Gharti 20 Bengali 20 - - - - -
 Ghasiya (Hindu traditions) 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
 Ghirath (Hindu traditions) 100 Kangri 100 - - - - -
 Ghisadi 19,000 Marathi 19,000 - - - - -
 Ghosi (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Goanese 163,000 Konkani, Goan - - - 163,000 - -
Gokha 40 Odia 40 - - - - -
Golak 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
 Gond 1,614,000 Hindi 1,530,000 5,900 3,200 1,200 300 73,000
 Gond Arakh 43,000 Gondi, Northern 39,000 100 30 20 - 3,600
Gond Jhare 52,000 Gondi, Northern 47,000 200 40 20 - 4,400
Gond Mannewar 28,000 Gondi, Adilabad 26,000 50 50 - - 1,300
Gond Maria 428,000 Gondi, Northern 401,000 1,000 600 200 20 26,000
Gond Muria 7,600 Hindi 7,400 - - - - 200
Gond Rajgond 354,000 Gondi, Northern 338,000 700 700 200 - 15,000
Gond Sonjhari 48,000 Gondi, Northern 46,000 60 50 - - 1,500
 Gondhali 52,000 Marathi 51,000 - 400 - - -
Gopal 35,000 Gujarati 35,000 - 60 - - -
 Gosain 413,000 Hindi 409,000 - 3,000 - - 300
 Gosangi (Hindu traditions) 100 Telugu 100 - - - - -
 Gowari 404,000 Marathi 402,000 - - 80 - 1,200
 Gujar (Hindu traditions) 267,000 Hindi 266,000 - - - - 600
Gujar (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Gujjar (Muslim traditions) 80 Gujari - 80 - - - -
 Guria 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Gurung Ghaleg 60 Nepali 30 - 30 - - -
 Hadi 90 Bengali 90 - - - - -
 Hajam 24,000 Urdu - 24,000 - - - -
Halam Unknown Kok Borok - - - - - -
 Halba 260,000 Marathi 251,000 900 400 60 30 7,000
Halleer 100 Konkani, Goan 50 - - - 30 -
Halsar 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
 Halwai (Hindu traditions) 3,400 Hindi 3,400 - - - - -
Hammal 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
 Han Chinese, Mandarin 3,300 Chinese, Mandarin - - 2,900 - - 400
Hanabar 2,900 Tulu 2,900 - - - - -
 Hande Jogi 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Hasalaru Unknown Tulu - - - - - -
 Hatkar 264,000 Marathi 260,000 - 4,400 - - -
 Hijda 165,000 Hindi 154,000 10,000 - - - -
 Hmar Unknown Hmar - - - - - -
 Ho 30 Ho 30 - - - - -
 Holar 109,000 Marathi 107,000 - 1,300 50 20 -
 Holaya 18,000 Kannada 17,000 - 700 - - -
Idayan 6,100 Tamil 6,100 - - - - -
 Ilavan 40,000 Malayalam 40,000 - - - - -
Ilavan Christian 1,400 Tamil - - - 1,400 - -
Ilavaniyan 20 Malayalam 20 - - - - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 130,000 Hindi 128,000 - - - - 1,800
 Jat (Muslim traditions) 2,900 Urdu - 2,900 - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 112,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 112,000 -
Jat Bajwa (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Chahil (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Jat Chahil (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
Jat Chima (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
 Jat Dagar (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Dehia (Hindu traditions) 1,900 Hindi 1,900 - - - - -
Jat Dehia (Sikh traditions) 2,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,100 -
 Jat Dhariwal (Hindu traditions) 600 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - - -
Jat Dhillon (Hindu traditions) 800 Hindi 800 - - - - -
 Jat Dhillon (Sikh traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,000 -
Jat Gahlot (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Hindi 1,500 - - - - -
Jat Ghatwal (Hindu traditions) 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
Jat Gil (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern 1,000 - - - - -
 Jat Gil (Sikh traditions) 1,800 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,800 -
Jat Kharral (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Jat Mann (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Jat Mann (Sikh traditions) 400 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 400 -
 Jat Pachhade 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Jat Rathi (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Jat Sahrawat (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Jat Sarai (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
 Jat Sidhu (Hindu traditions) 2,800 Punjabi, Eastern 2,800 - - - - -
 Jat Sidhu (Sikh traditions) 2,900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,900 -
 Jat Sindhu (Hindu traditions) 2,600 Hindi 2,600 - - - - -
Jat Sindhu (Sikh traditions) 2,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,700 -
Jat Varaich (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
Jat Virk (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Javeri 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Jew, South Asian 4,400 Marathi - - - - - 4,400
 Jhalo Malo 50 Bengali 50 - - - - -
 Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 4,100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,100 -
 Jingar 5,600 Marwari 5,500 - - - - 40
Jirayat 700 Marathi 700 - - - - -
 Jogi (Hindu traditions) 22,000 Bengali 21,000 - 300 - - -
Jogi Kanphata (Hindu traditions) 3,300 Hindi 3,200 - 100 - - -
Josi 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Julaha 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Kabirpanthi 2,900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,900 -
Kachari (Hindu traditions) 80,000 Marathi 79,000 - 80 - - -
 Kachera (Hindu traditions) 1,500 Odia 1,500 - - - - -
Kachera (Muslim traditions) 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
 Kachhi (Hindu traditions) 19,000 Hindi 17,000 - - - - 1,100
 Kachhia (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Gujarati 18,000 - 300 - - -
 Kadia (Hindu traditions) 21,000 Kannada 21,000 - 600 - - -
Kaghzi 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
 Kahar (Hindu traditions) 25,000 Hindi 25,000 - - - - -
Kahar (Sikh traditions) 300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 300 -
 Kaibartta 5,900 Bengali 5,900 - 60 - - -
 Kaikadi 102,000 Kannada 102,000 - 20 - - -
 Kaikolan 1,200 Tamil 1,200 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 222,000 Telugu 219,000 - 2,900 - - 900
 Kalal Idiga 91,000 Telugu 89,000 - 900 - - 300
Kalavant 4,300 Kannada 4,300 - - - - -
 Kalbelia 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Kalingi 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
Kallan 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
 Kalu 200 Bengali - 200 - - - -
 Kalwar (Hindu traditions) 224,000 Hindi 223,000 - 1,300 - - -
 Kamalia 14,000 Gujarati 14,000 - - - - -
 Kamar 1,500 Kamar 1,500 - - - - -
Kamathi 198,000 Telugu 192,000 - 600 - - 5,600
 Kamboh (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 60 - - - - 200
 Kamboh (Sikh traditions) 4,800 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,800 -
 Kami 70 Nepali 50 - 20 - - -
Kanai 45,000 Urdu - 45,000 - - - -
Kanakkan 1,500 Malayalam 1,500 - - - - -
 Kanaura 60 Kinnauri 60 - - - - -
Kandra 300 Odia 300 - - - - -
 Kandu 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Kanjar (Hindu traditions) 2,500 Hindi 2,500 - - - - -
 Kaora 700 Bengali 700 - - - - -
 Kapali 200 Bengali 200 - - - - -
Kapewar 44,000 Telugu 44,000 - - - - -
 Kapu 202,000 Telugu 200,000 - 1,600 - - 60
 Kapu Reddi 54,000 Telugu 54,000 - 300 - - 50
Karan 200 Odia 200 - - - - -
 Karwal 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Kasar (Hindu traditions) 152,000 Marathi 151,000 - 500 - - 1,500
Kasar Otari 6,300 Telugu 6,300 - - - - -
 Kashmiri (Muslim traditions) 3,200 Kashmiri - 3,200 - - - -
 Kathodi 284,000 Marathi 283,000 600 300 300 20 1,000
Katia 5,200 Hindi 5,200 - 20 - - -
 Kawar 26,000 Hindi 26,000 60 40 - - 100
 Kayastha (Hindu traditions) 40,000 Hindi 39,000 - 1,000 - - -
 Khairwar 1,900 Bengali 1,900 - - - - -
 Khandait 900 Odia 900 - - - - -
 Khangar (Hindu traditions) 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
Khangar (Muslim traditions) 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
Kharia 1,000 Kharia 900 - - 100 - -
Kharot Unknown Hindi - - - - - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 162,000 Gujarati 157,000 - 5,000 - - -
 Khasi 500 Khasi - - - 500 - -
 Khati (Hindu traditions) 7,100 Hindi 6,800 - 300 - - -
 Khatik (Hindu traditions) 108,000 Hindi 107,000 - 700 30 70 -
Khatik (Muslim traditions) 11,000 Urdu - 11,000 - - - -
 Khatri (Hindu traditions) 50,000 Hindi 49,000 - - - - 500
 Khatri (Muslim traditions) 9,600 Gujarati - 9,600 - - - -
 Khatri (Sikh traditions) 3,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,300 -
 Khavar 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Khoja 272,000 Gujarati - 272,000 - - - -
 Kirar 26,000 Hindi 26,000 - - - - -
 Kisan 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Koch (Hindu traditions) 200 Koch 200 - - - - -
 Kodaga 200 Kodava 200 - - - - -
Kodalo Unknown Odia - - - - - -
 Koiri (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Kokna 686,000 Kukna 678,000 4,700 300 900 100 1,000
 Kol 6,800 Hindi 6,700 - 40 - - -
 Kolha 78,000 Ho 78,000 - 500 60 - -
 Kolhati 27,000 Marathi 27,000 - 60 - - -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Hindi 14,000 - 500 40 - -
 Koli Dhor 225,000 Marathi 225,000 600 200 70 70 300
 Koli Mahadev 1,491,000 Marathi 1,482,000 3,300 3,100 1,000 200 2,600
 Koli Malhar 282,000 Marathi 278,000 500 3,200 100 20 600
Koli of Gujarat 1,100 Gujarati 1,100 - - - - -
Koli of Sind (Hindu traditions) 7,600 Gujarati 7,600 - - - - -
Koli Son 1,800 Marathi 1,800 - 20 - - -
Kolowar 194,000 Kolami, Northwestern 192,000 400 200 100 40 1,100
 Kolta 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
Kolupulvandlu 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
Konai 90 Bengali 90 - - - - -
Konkanese 800 Urdu - 800 - - - -
 Koracha, caste 500 Kannada 500 - - - - -
 Korama 3,100 Kannada 3,100 - - - - -
 Kori 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Korku 264,000 Korku 262,000 400 100 400 30 400
Korku Bawaria 14,000 Korku 14,000 - - - - -
Korku Muwasi 17,000 Korku 17,000 - - 20 - 20
Korku Nahal 14,000 Korku 14,000 - - - - -
 Korwa 1,400 Telugu 1,400 - - - - -
 Koshti 505,000 Marathi 498,000 - 3,000 - - 3,800
 Koya 400 Telugu 300 200 - - - -
Koya Racha Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
Kuchbandia 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Kudavakkal 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
 Kudumban 700 Tamil 700 - - - - -
 Kudumi 800 Tamil 800 - - - - -
 Kui Khond 600 Odia 600 - - - - -
 Kuki Chin Unknown Chin, Thado - - - - - -
 Kuli 20 Odia 20 - - - - -
 Kumal 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 792,000 Hindi 786,000 - 7,000 - - 50
 Kumhar (Sikh traditions) 2,900 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 2,900 -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 7,669,000 Gujarati 7,575,000 - 79,000 100 500 13,000
Kunbi Anjna 109,000 Gujarati 108,000 - 1,100 - - 40
Kunbi Dhaneja 30,000 Marathi 30,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Ghatole 217,000 Marathi 215,000 - 1,000 - - 60
Kunbi Hindre 19,000 Marathi 19,000 - 300 - - -
Kunbi Jadav 165,000 Marathi 165,000 - 300 - - 60
 Kunbi Kadwa 71,000 Gujarati 71,000 - - - - -
Kunbi Khaire 56,000 Marathi 56,000 - 50 - - -
 Kunbi Konkani 601,000 Konkani, Goan 576,000 - 25,000 - - 300
 Kunbi Lewa 219,000 Gujarati 219,000 - 200 - - -
Kunbi Lonari 86,000 Marathi 86,000 - 200 - - -
Kunbi Tirole 313,000 Marathi 312,000 - 800 - - -
Kunchatiga 4,300 Kannada 4,300 - - - - -
Kuravan (Christian traditions) 300 Tamil - - - 300 - -
 Kuravan (Hindu traditions) 2,200 Malayalam 2,200 - - - - -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 34,000 Hindi 34,000 - - - - -
 Kuruba 34,000 Kannada 34,000 - 300 - - -
 Labana (Sikh traditions) 3,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,700 -
 Ladakhi Unknown English - - - - - -
 Lakhera 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
Lingader 5,300 Marathi 4,700 - - - - 600
 Lingayat 240,000 Kannada - - - - - 240,000
 Lodha (Hindu traditions) 131,000 Hindi 131,000 - - - - -
 Lodha (Muslim traditions) 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
 Lohana 31,000 Gujarati 30,000 - - - - 600
 Lohar (Hindu traditions) 638,000 Hindi 633,000 - 5,100 20 - -
 Lohar (Muslim traditions) 2,100 Urdu - 2,100 - - - -
Lohara 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Lunia (Hindu traditions) 3,900 Hindi 3,900 - - - - -
 Machhi (Hindu traditions) 205,000 Gujarati 204,000 - 900 - - -
Machhi Mitna 10,000 Gujarati 10,000 - - - - -
Madari (Muslim traditions) 2,300 Urdu - 2,300 - - - -
Madgi 57,000 Telugu 50,000 - 6,100 300 - -
 Madiga (Christian traditions) 2,500 Telugu - - - 2,500 - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) 15,000 Telugu 14,000 - 700 80 - -
 Magar 200 Nepali 200 - 40 - - -
 Mahar (Christian traditions) 370,000 Marathi - - - 370,000 - -
 Mahar (Hindu traditions) 8,211,000 Marathi 2,428,000 - 5,767,000 11,000 4,500 -
Mahar (Muslim traditions) 2,200 Marathi - 2,200 - - - -
 Mahishya 14,000 Bengali 14,000 - 200 - - -
 Mahli 200,000 Marathi 198,000 - 1,900 - - 60
 Mahratta 27,019,000 Marathi 26,626,000 - 253,000 100 - 141,000
Mahratta Gomatang 52,000 Marathi 52,000 - - - - -
 Mahratta Jadhav 2,781,000 Marathi 2,754,000 - 18,000 - - 11,000
 Mahratta Konkani 461,000 Marathi 458,000 - 2,700 - - 200
 Mahratta Kunbi 2,984,000 Gujarati 2,980,000 - 3,100 - - -
 Mahratta Pawar 607,000 Marathi 606,000 - - - - 1,000
 Mahratta Shinde 535,000 Marathi 520,000 - 13,000 - - 2,800
 Mahtam (Sikh traditions) 6,500 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,500 -
 Mahyavanshi 15,000 Gujarati 14,000 - 400 30 - -
Maila 60 Tulu 60 - - - - -
Mairal 1,300 Marathi 1,300 - - - - -
 Majhwar 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Majothi 300 Kacchi - 300 - - - -
 Makrani (Muslim traditions) 2,800 Gujarati - 2,800 - - - -
 Mal (Hindu traditions) 700 Hindi 700 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 3,400 Telugu - - - 3,400 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 15,000 Telugu 14,000 - 700 60 - -
 Mala Dasari 1,800 Telugu 1,800 - - - - -
Mala Hannai 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
 Mala Jangam 8,000 Telugu 8,000 - - - - -
Mala Sale 400 Telugu 400 - 40 - - -
Mala Sanyasi 30 Telugu 30 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 88,000 Malayalam - - - 88,000 - -
 Mali (Hindu traditions) 3,101,000 Hindi 3,076,000 - 24,000 30 - 200
 Mallah (Hindu traditions) 7,800 Hindi 7,800 - - - - -
Mallah Chain (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Mallah Kewat (Hindu traditions) 1,000 Hindi 1,000 - - - - -
 Mallik (Muslim traditions) 158,000 Gujarati - 158,000 - - - -
Mana 219,000 Marathi 218,000 - 900 - - -
Manbhav 24,000 Marathi 24,000 - - - - -
Mandala (Hindu traditions) 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
 Mang Garudi 40,000 Marathi 40,000 - 300 - - -
 Mangala 42,000 Telugu 41,000 - 300 - - -
 Mangrik 30 Ladakhi - - 30 - - -
 Manihar 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
Manne 2,500 Telugu 2,400 - 60 - - -
Mansoori 1,400 Gujarati - 1,400 - - - -
 Mappila 37,000 Malayalam - 37,000 - - - -
 Maravan 6,200 Tamil 6,200 - - - - -
Maru Kumhar 800 Gujarati 800 - - - - -
 Masan Jogi 1,400 Kannada 1,300 - - - - -
Masthi 50 Telugu 40 - - - - -
Matang (Christian traditions) 173,000 Marathi - - - 173,000 - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 2,492,000 Marathi 2,286,000 - 201,000 3,900 800 -
 Matia 80 Bengali 80 - - - - -
 Mawalud 98,000 Urdu - 98,000 - - - -
Mazhabi (Sikh traditions) 1,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,000 -
 Meena 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Megh (Hindu traditions) 40,000 Hindi 38,000 - 1,900 - 30 -
 Meitei 500 Meitei 500 - - - - -
 Memon 243,000 Gujarati - 243,000 - - - -
 Mewati (Muslim traditions) 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Miana 100 Gujarati - 100 - - - -
Mirasi (Hindu traditions) 60 Punjabi, Eastern 60 - - - - -
 Mitha Ayyalvar 40 Telugu 40 - - - - -
 Mizo 400 Mizo - - - 400 - -
Mizo Lushai 40 Mizo - - - 40 - -
 Mochi (Hindu traditions) 144,000 Bengali 136,000 - 5,100 3,400 - -
 Moger 9,800 Kannada 9,500 - 300 - - -
 Moghal 211,000 Urdu - 211,000 - - - -
Molesalam 200 Gujarati - 200 - - - -
Molvi 4,400 Gujarati - 4,400 - - - -
 Momna 9,500 Gujarati - 9,500 - - - -
Mondiwaru 500 Telugu - 500 - - - -
 Mudugar 90 Tamil 90 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 80 Malayalam - - - 80 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 400 Malayalam 400 - - - - -
Mukkuvan (Muslim traditions) 20 Malayalam - 20 - - - -
Mukri 60 Kannada 60 - - - - -
 Munda 400 Mundari 400 - - - - -
 Munnur 11,000 Telugu 11,000 - - - - -
 Murao (Hindu traditions) 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Mutrasi 13,000 Telugu 13,000 - - - - -
Nadar (Christian traditions) 6,500 Tamil - - - 6,500 - -
 Nadar (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Tamil 12,000 - - - - -
 Nadia 300 Gujarati 300 - 30 - - -
 Naga 300 Naga Pidgin - - - 300 - -
 Nagarchi (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 831,000 Hindi 825,000 - 6,100 - - -
 Nai (Sikh traditions) 3,700 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 3,700 -
 Naikda 22,000 Kannada 22,000 200 - 20 - 30
Naikwadi 600 Marathi - 600 - - - -
 Nair 59,000 Malayalam 59,000 - - - - -
Naksia 60 Odia 60 - - - - -
Nalband 30 Urdu - 30 - - - -
 Namassej (Hindu traditions) 6,800 Bengali 6,700 - 100 - - -
 Namassej Chandel 3,700 Bengali 3,700 - 50 - - -
Nanakshahi 1,100 Hindi - - - - 1,100 -
Nanbai 1,300 Urdu - 1,300 - - - -
 Nandiwale 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
 Nat (Hindu traditions) 4,900 Hindi 4,900 - - - - -
 Navithan 3,400 Tamil 3,400 - - - - -
 Newah 300 Nepali 200 - 50 - - -
 Oraon 43,000 Kurux 39,000 200 200 2,800 - 300
Padiar Unknown Konkani, Goan - - - - - -
 Paharia 3,500 Santhali 3,500 - - - - -
Paik 1,300 Odia 1,300 - - - - -
 Paliya 400 Bengali 400 - - - - -
Pallan (Christian traditions) 500 Tamil - - - 500 - -
 Pallan (Hindu traditions) 17,000 Tamil 17,000 - 40 - - -
 Pan 900 Odia 800 - 30 - - -
 Panchama 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Pandaram 1,200 Malayalam 1,200 - - - - -
Pangul 21,000 Marathi 21,000 - - - - -
 Panika 1,700 Chhattisgarhi 1,700 - - - - -
 Panka 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Paraiyan (Christian traditions) 5,000 Tamil - - - 5,000 - -
 Paraiyan (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Tamil 11,000 - - - - -
Paravan (Hindu traditions) 50 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
 Pardhan 145,000 Pardhan 141,000 300 300 200 - 3,300
 Pardhi 223,000 Pardhi 220,000 1,300 700 90 50 1,000
Parja 500 Odia 500 30 - - - -
 Parsee 63,000 Gujarati - - - - - 63,000
 Pashtun, Pathan 1,197,000 Urdu - 1,197,000 - - - -
 Pasi (Hindu traditions) 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - 300 - - -
Pasi Gujar 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Pasi Kaithwan 3,400 Hindi 3,400 - - - - -
 Pasi Rajpasi 4,000 Hindi 4,000 - - - - -
 Patelia 2,600 Gujarati 2,300 50 20 100 - 70
 Patharwat 23,000 Marathi 23,000 - - - - -
Patlia 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
Patralu 3,800 Odia 3,800 - - - - -
Patvekari (Hindu traditions) 2,900 Kannada 2,900 - - - - -
Patvekari (Muslim traditions) 500 Urdu - 500 - - - -
 Patwa (Hindu traditions) 5,500 Hindi 5,300 - - - - 200
Pawaria (Hindu traditions) 200 Bareli, Rathwi 200 - - - - -
 Perka 7,500 Telugu 7,400 - 60 - - -
 Persian 3,300 Persian, Iranian - 3,300 - - - -
Phudgi 10,000 Marathi 10,000 - - - - -
Pichakuntla 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Pindara 2,400 Urdu - 2,400 - - - -
 Pinjara 85,000 Urdu - 85,000 - - - -
 Pod 4,100 Bengali 4,100 - 30 - - -
Poi 50 Mizo - - - 50 - -
 Pomla 70 Gujarati 70 - - - - -
Prabhu 3,100 Gujarati 3,100 - - - - -
Prabhu Kayastha 254,000 Marathi 254,000 - - - - -
Prabhu Patane 62,000 Marathi 62,000 - - - - -
 Pulayan 1,400 Malayalam 1,400 - - - - -
 Pundari 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
Qalaigar 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Qassab 4,100 Urdu - 4,100 - - - -
Quam-e-Punjab 2,900 Punjabi, Eastern - 2,900 - - - -
 Rabari (Hindu traditions) 9,600 Gujarati 9,500 - 100 - - -
 Rabha 50 Assamese 50 - - - - -
Rachband 500 Punjabi, Eastern 500 - - - - -
 Raddi 1,800 Kannada 1,800 - 60 - - -
 Rahmani (Muslim traditions) 700 Urdu - 700 - - - -
 Rai 100 Nepali 100 - - - - -
 Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) 11,000 Bengali 11,000 - 60 - - -
Rajbansi Khen (Hindu traditions) 50 Bengali 50 - - - - -
Rajbansi Pali (Hindu traditions) 1,700 Bengali 1,700 - - - - -
 Rajbhar 8,200 Hindi 8,100 - 80 - - -
Rajpur 1,600 Konkani, Goan 1,600 - - - - -
 Rajput (Hindu traditions) 1,196,000 Hindi 1,183,000 - 70 30 - 14,000
 Rajput (Muslim traditions) 56,000 Urdu - 56,000 - - - -
 Rajput (Sikh traditions) 29,000 Punjabi, Eastern 600 - - - 29,000 -
 Rajput Baghel (Hindu traditions) 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
 Rajput Bais (Hindu traditions) 19,000 Hindi 19,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Bargujar (Hindu traditions) 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
 Rajput Bhadauria 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Bhatti (Hindu traditions) 18,000 Hindi 18,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Bundela 300 Hindi 300 - - - - -
Rajput Chamar Gaur 2,400 Hindi 2,400 - - - - -
 Rajput Chandel 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Chauhan (Hindu traditions) 54,000 Hindi 54,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Dikhit 2,000 Hindi 2,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Gahlot 7,900 Hindi 7,900 - - - - -
 Rajput Garewal (Hindu traditions) 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Gaur 7,200 Hindi 7,200 - - - - -
 Rajput Gautam (Hindu traditions) 4,700 Hindi 4,700 - - - - -
Rajput Jadu 2,200 Hindi 2,200 - - - - -
Rajput Janjua (Hindu traditions) 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Rajput Joia (Hindu traditions) 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Kachhwaha 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
Rajput Mahratta (Hindu traditions) 69,000 Marathi 69,000 - - - - -
Rajput Mahratta (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Rajput Manihas (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Hindi 3,200 - - - - -
Rajput Paik 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Rajput Parihar 4,200 Hindi 4,200 - - - - -
 Rajput Ponwar (Hindu traditions) 109,000 Hindi 109,000 - - - - -
 Rajput Ponwar (Muslim traditions) 80 Urdu - 80 - - - -
 Rajput Pundir (Hindu traditions) 3,300 Hindi 3,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Rajput Rathor (Hindu traditions) 27,000 Hindi 27,000 - - - - -
Rajput Rawat 1,100 Hindi 1,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Saithwar 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
 Rajput Sakarwar (Hindu traditions) 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
Rajput Salehria (Hindu traditions) 2,100 Hindi 2,100 - - - - -
 Rajput Sengar 4,700 Hindi 4,700 - - - - -
 Rajput Sisodia 8,400 Hindi 8,400 - - - - -
 Rajput Solanki 2,700 Hindi 2,700 - - - - -
Rajput Sombansi (Hindu traditions) 4,300 Hindi 4,300 - - - - -
 Rajput Surajbansi 1,600 Hindi 1,600 - - - - -
Rajput Tonwar (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Raju 600 Bengali 600 - - - - -
 Rajwar 3,000 Hindi 3,000 - - - - -
Ralte 50 Mizo - - - 50 - -
 Ramdasia (Sikh traditions) 4,200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 4,200 -
Ramoshi 316,000 Marathi 316,000 - - - - -
 Rangrez (Hindu traditions) 182,000 Marathi 180,000 - 1,400 - - 300
 Rangrez (Muslim traditions) 9,700 Urdu - 9,700 - - - -
 Rathawa 400 Rathawi 400 - - - - -
 Rathia (Hindu traditions) 70 Hindi 70 - - - - -
 Ravalia 5,300 Gujarati 5,300 - - - - -
 Rawal (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Rawat 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Rayeen (Muslim traditions) 400 Urdu - 400 - - - -
Sagar 2,100 Gujarati 2,100 - - - - -
Sagarbanshi 60 Odia 60 - - - - -
Sahi 1,100 Marathi 1,100 - - - - -
 Saini (Sikh traditions) 5,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 5,000 -
Salat (Hindu traditions) 2,000 Gujarati 1,900 - 80 - - -
 Sali 402,000 Kannada 398,000 - 4,100 - - 400
Saltangar 300 Marathi - 300 - - - -
 Salvi 60 Mewari 60 - - - - -
Sangar 32,000 Marathi 32,000 - - - - -
 Sansi (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Santal 200 Santhali 200 - - - - -
 Saora 400 Odia 300 - - - - -
Sarekari 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
Sarera (Hindu traditions) 3,900 Punjabi, Eastern 3,900 - - - - -
 Sarera (Sikh traditions) 6,300 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 6,300 -
 Sarki 20 Nepali 20 - - - - -
 Satani 2,900 Telugu 2,900 - 30 - - -
Sauntia 40 Odia 40 - - - - -
 Sayyid 1,279,000 Urdu - 1,279,000 - - - -
Sayyid Husaini 32,000 Urdu - 32,000 - - - -
 Segidi 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
Shabar 70 Odia 70 - - - - -
 Shaikh 7,380,000 Urdu - 7,385,000 - 80 - -
Shaikh Faruqi 68,000 Urdu - 68,000 - - - -
 Shaikh Qureshi 740,000 Urdu - 740,000 - - - -
 Shaikh Siddiqi 222,000 Urdu - 222,000 - - - -
Shaikh Usmani 44,000 Urdu - 44,000 - - - -
 Shenva (Hindu traditions) 1,300 Gujarati 1,200 - 40 - - -
 Sherpa 30 Nepali - - 30 - - -
Shinligar 800 Kannada 800 - - - - -
 Siddi (Hindu traditions) 900 Kannada 900 - - - - -
 Siddi (Muslim traditions) 200 Gujarati - 200 - - - -
Sikligar (Hindu traditions) 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
Sikligar (Muslim traditions) 15,000 Urdu - 15,000 - - - -
Silawat (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Silawat (Muslim traditions) 90 Urdu - 90 - - - -
 Sindhi (Muslim traditions) 8,800 Sindhi - 8,800 - - - -
 Sindhi Mohana 600 Sindhi - 600 - - - -
 Sindhi Samon 500 Sindhi - 500 - - - -
 Sindhi Sumra 300 Gujarati - 300 - - - -
Sindhollu 1,000 Telugu 800 - - - 200 -
Sindhuria 100 Odia 100 - - - - -
 Sinhalese 900 Sinhala - - 900 - - -
 Somvanshi 289,000 Marathi 289,000 - - - - -
 Sonar (Hindu traditions) 1,309,000 Hindi 1,287,000 - 11,000 - - 11,000
 Sonar (Sikh traditions) 1,600 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 1,600 -
Sonar Aksali 40,000 Gujarati 39,000 - 400 - - -
Sonjhara 1,600 Odia 1,600 - - - - -
Sudra 200 Marathi 200 - - - - -
 Sunri (Hindu traditions) 12,000 Bengali 12,000 - - - - -
Sunri Sadhubanik 3,500 Bengali 3,500 - - - - -
 Sunuwar Unknown Nepali - - - - - -
 Sutradhar (Hindu traditions) 500 Bengali 500 - - - - -
 Syrian Christian 116,000 Malayalam - - - 116,000 - -
Tagwale 400 Marathi 400 - - - - -
 Tai Man 30 Phake - - 30 - - -
Takari 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
Talkute 300 Marathi 300 - - - - -
 Tamang 100 Nepali 90 - 20 - - -
 Tamboli (Hindu traditions) 435,000 Hindi 432,000 - 3,000 - - 80
 Tamboli (Muslim traditions) 5,600 Urdu - 5,600 - - - -
 Tamil (Muslim traditions) 27,000 Tamil - 27,000 - - - -
 Tanti (Hindu traditions) 2,200 Bengali 2,200 - - - - -
 Targala 2,500 Gujarati 2,500 - - - - -
Taria 4,400 Marathi 4,400 - - - - -
 Tarkhan (Sikh traditions) 12,000 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 12,000 -
 Teli (Hindu traditions) 1,527,000 Hindi 1,512,000 - 16,000 100 600 100
 Teli (Muslim traditions) 36,000 Urdu - 36,000 - - - -
Teli Ganiga (Hindu traditions) 36,000 Marathi 35,000 - 1,200 - - -
Teli Ganiga (Muslim traditions) 1,200 Urdu - 1,200 - - - -
Teli Sahu 79,000 Marathi 79,000 - 100 - - -
 Thakar 88,000 Marathi 88,000 - - - - -
 Thakkar 566,000 Marathi 564,000 1,400 200 100 100 800
 Thakuri 30 Nepali 30 - - - - -
Thandan (Hindu traditions) 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Tharu 400 Hindi 400 - - - - -
 Thori (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Thoti, tribal 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
 Tibetan 2,600 Tibetan, Central - - 2,600 - - -
 Tili 1,400 Bengali 1,400 - - - - -
 Tirgar (Hindu traditions) 70 Gujarati 70 - - - - -
Tirmali 11,000 Marathi 11,000 - - - - -
 Tiyar 100 Bengali 100 - - - - -
 Turi (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Turkmen 200 Turkmen - 200 - - - -
 Urali 50 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
 Vaddar (Hindu traditions) 367,000 Telugu 366,000 - 1,500 - - -
 Vakkaliga 146,000 Kannada 145,000 - 400 - - -
Valmiki (Balmiki) Mehtar 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - 80 - - -
 Valmiki, Balmiki (Hindu traditions) 219,000 Hindi 213,000 - 3,800 2,800 200 -
Vaniyan 4,200 Tamil 3,200 - - 1,000 - -
 Vanjara 832,000 Marathi 831,000 - 2,100 - - -
Vannan (Christian traditions) 500 Tamil - - - 500 - -
 Vannan (Hindu traditions) 3,200 Tamil 3,200 - - - - -
 Vanniyan 70,000 Tamil 70,000 - - - - -
 Varli 795,000 Varli 789,000 1,100 200 1,600 100 2,700
Vasudev 1,700 Hindi 1,700 - - - - -
Vathiriyan (Christian traditions) 1,000 Tamil - - - 1,000 - -
 Vathiriyan (Hindu traditions) 70 Tamil 70 - - - - -
 Veerabhadreeya (Viramushti) 700 Telugu 700 - - - - -
 Velama 4,400 Telugu 4,400 - - - - -
Velan 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Vellalan 12,000 Tamil 11,000 - - 500 - -
Vellalan Mudaliar 1,300 Tamil 1,300 - - 60 - -
 Viswakarma 233,000 Telugu 233,000 - 400 - - 30
 Viswakarma Asari 3,600 Malayalam 3,600 - - - - -
 Viswakarma Kollan 1,100 Malayalam 1,100 - - - - -
Viswakarma Panchal 300 Kannada 300 - - - - -
Viswakarma Thattan 1,000 Malayalam 1,000 - - - - -
Vitholia 600 Gujarati 500 40 - - - -
 Yadav (Hindu traditions) 1,335,000 Hindi 1,331,000 - 3,400 40 40 90
 Yadav Dhindhor 32,000 Hindi 32,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Gaoli 5,400 Hindi 5,400 - - - - -
Yadav Ghosi 30,000 Hindi 30,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Gola 111,000 Telugu 111,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Gualbans (Hindu traditions) 177,000 Hindi 177,000 - - - - -
Yadav Nandbans 1,200 Hindi 1,200 - - - - -
 Yadav Rawat 7,400 Hindi 7,400 - - - - -
 Yadav Sadgope 4,300 Bengali 4,300 - - - - -
 Yakthumba, Limbu 40 Nepali 40 - - - - -
 Yenadi 4,500 Telugu 4,500 - - - - -
Yerava 500 Ravula 500 - - - - -
 Yerukula 600 Yerukula 600 - - - - -
Zarekari 600 Gujarati - 600 - - - -
  Totals:  888 125,058,000   827 101,106,000 13,621,000 6,626,000 1,094,000 235,000 2,383,000
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