Tharu in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Tharu have lived quiet, simple lives for four centuries. About two thirds live in Nepal and the rest live further south in India's Uttar Pradesh state.


What Are Their Lives Like?

They are a gentle people. They make almost everything they use themselves, with a touch of art in everything. They have their own gods and follow a Bharra (shaman). Besides the Bharra, who treats their diseases, the village headman, bhalamansa, and the Desi-Mahajan—an Indian moneylender—are important people within the village. They are becoming more aware of outside issues and fireside chat in the evenings is becoming more outward focused, reflecting changes in their culture.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Tharu people practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India and Nepal. Hinduism is a catch-all phrase for the local religions of South Asia, so it is very diverse. At the popular level, Hindus worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. They visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods like Christians or Jews. There are other Hindus who are much more philosophical, especially among the Brahmins.
Almost all Hindus participate in yearly celebrations like Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring / Diwali, the festival of lights / Navratri, the celebration of autumn / and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday.


What Are Their Needs?

The Tharu speak several languages and are spread over a wide area of Nepal.


Prayer Points

Pray for the gentle Tharu people to be protected from those who would take advantage of them.
Pray they will be able to care adequately for their families.
There are a few Christians among the Tharu community. Pray they will become true disciples, moving beyond mere cultural identification with Christ. Pray for the gift of conviction of sin, and for zealous hearts to really know and follow Christ.
Pray for the Lord to thrust out loving ambassadors of Christ to this unreached community.


Scripture Prayers for the Tharu in India.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Tharu
People Name in Country Tharu
Pronunciation TAH-roo
Population this Country 532,000
Population all Countries 2,285,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 11
Alternate Names Kathoriya; Kathoriya Tharu; Mahatos; Mahatu; Tharu Rana; थारू
People ID 15464
ROP3 Code 110011
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 21
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Bihar
189,000
Uttar Pradesh
125,000
Uttarakhand
107,000
Assam
58,000
West Bengal
30,000
Sikkim
14,000
Arunachal Pradesh
1,300
Manipur
1,000
Meghalaya
800
Maharashtra
500
Madhya Pradesh
400
Himachal Pradesh
200
Jharkhand
200
Punjab
60
Telangana
50
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 21  (only 20 largest shown)
  Bihar 189,000
  Uttar Pradesh 125,000
  Uttarakhand 107,000
  Assam 58,000
  West Bengal 30,000
  Sikkim 14,000
  Arunachal Pradesh 1,300
  Manipur 1,000
  Meghalaya 800
  Maharashtra 500
  Madhya Pradesh 400
  Himachal Pradesh 200
  Jharkhand 200
  Punjab 60
  Telangana 50
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.09 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
1.49 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.05 %
Islam
0.29 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
0.07 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Hindi (112,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 26
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Nepali
84,000
Tharu, Mid-Eastern
73,000
Tharu, Kathariya
70,000
Kumaoni
50,000
Bhojpuri
25,000
Maithili
12,000
Tharu, Rana
9,200
Kanauji
8,000
Buksa
6,300
Bengali
2,100
Tai Long
1,000
Odia
900
Urdu
200
Kannada
200
Awadhi
100
Primary Language Hindi (112,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 26
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Nepali 84,000
  Tharu, Mid-Eastern 73,000
  Tharu, Kathariya 70,000
  Kumaoni 50,000
  Bhojpuri 25,000
  Maithili 12,000
  Tharu, Rana 9,200
  Kanauji 8,000
  Buksa 6,300
  Bengali 2,100
  Tai Long 1,000
  Odia 900
  Urdu 200
  Kannada 200
  Awadhi 100
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1835-2019)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament DAVAR Partners International
Audio Recordings Online Audio Scripture Talking Bibles
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories One Story
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Following Jesus video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video God's Story video God's Story
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation Create International
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Love letter to you from scripture Father's Love Letter
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels Bible Media Group/LUMO
Film / Video Magdalena video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Rivka video Jesus Film Project
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more