Tai Man in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

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Introduction / History

Tai Man people belonging to the Man ethnic group live in north-east India, especially Assam State. Tai Man people lived in Assam State, dispersed in the Karbi Arleng District and North Cachar District. A small number may live in Tinsuria. An additional 585 Man people live in the state of Meghalaya, primarily in the West Garo Hills. They have small pockets of people in China and Thailand, but most are in Myanmar.
The name Man literally means 'a Burmese immigrant '. K S Singh says, 'Legend has it that they came to this part along with an invading army and were afterwards recruited as sepoys to fight the Garos in the second decade of the nineteenth century. Those who settled down in the Garo hills after relinquishing their duty as sepoys took women from other communities as their wives and formed a separate community. They married Koch, Hajong, Assamese and Bengali women, but they never encouraged marriage with the Muslims.'
Over time, because of their mixing with other communities, the Man emerged as a distinct people group, and all links to their origins in Myanmar have long been forgotten. Their Tai language has also been lost. They have 'completely forgotten their original language and have adopted Assamese as their mother tongue and use the Assamese script. They sometimes use Bengali and Hindi to communicate with others. The Man have been Assamised largely into the greater Assamese culture.’


What Are Their Lives Like?

Although most Tai Man people say they are Buddhists, Hinduism has influenced their religious belief system and is gradually taking over. 'The life cycle rituals they perform demonstrate much similarity with those of the neighboring caste Hindus of Assam and Meghalaya. The marriage, however, is solemnized by a Buddhist monk or pathak reciting hymns from the Pali scripture. '


What Are Their Beliefs?

Despite growing Hindu influence, approximately half of the Tai Man continue to profess Theravada Buddhism. There is also a large percentage of professing Christians among them.


What Are Their Needs?

There are Tai Man Christians today in India, a remnant that does not have the resources or motivation to reach the rest of their ethnic group.


Prayer Points

Pray for the Holy Spirit to give the Tai Man people teachable and understanding hearts.
Pray that a strong movement of the Holy Spirit will bring entire Tai Man families into a rich experience of God’s blessing.
Pray for Tai Man families to be drawn by the Holy Spirit to seek forgiveness, and to understand the adequacy of Christ’s work on the cross.
Pray for teams of believers to do sustained, focused prayer for the Lord to open the hearts of Tai Man family leaders to experience God’s blessing through a movement of family-based discovery Bible studies.


Scripture Prayers for the Tai Man in India.


References

Peoples of the Buddhist World, Asia Harvest, Copyrighted © Used with permission


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  
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Shan State

Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

People Name General Tai Man, Shan
People Name in Country Tai Man
Pronunciation tie MAHN
Alternate Names Burmese Shan; Cha Shan; Dai; Great Thai; Ngio; Nyaw; Red Shan; Sen; Sha; Sham; Shyam; Tai Jai; Tai Long; Tai Luang; Tai Neua; Tai Yai; Tai Yay; Tairong; Tairung; Thai Yai; Turung; Yunnanese Shan; टाई मान, शान
Population this Country 6,900
Population all Countries 4,679,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 2
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed
People ID 18205
ROP3 Code 113721
ROP25 Code 307858
ROP25 Name Tai Phake (Phake)
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 9
Largest States
Assam
3,500
Mizoram
1,500
Meghalaya
1,200
Delhi
400
Arunachal Pradesh
200
West Bengal
40
Maharashtra
30
Gujarat
10
Andaman and Nicobar
10
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 9
  Assam 3,500
  Mizoram 1,500
  Meghalaya 1,200
  Delhi 400
  Arunachal Pradesh 200
  West Bengal 40
  Maharashtra 30
  Gujarat 10
  Andaman and Nicobar 10
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
76.07 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
21.90 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
1.60 %
Islam
0.21 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.07 %
Unknown
0.15 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Phake (4,000 speakers)
Language Code phk   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 19
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Assamese
1,000
Marathi
500
Mizo
200
Khamyang
60
Garo
30
Karbi
20
Rabha Punjabi, Eastern Nepali
Hindi Meitei Boro (India)
Tiwa Khasi Pnar
Primary Language Phake (4,000 speakers)
Language Code phk   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 19
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Assamese 1,000
  Marathi 500
  Mizo 200
  Khamyang 60
  Garo 30
  Karbi 20
  Rabha 10
  Punjabi, Eastern 10
  Nepali 10
  Hindi 0
  Meitei 0
  Boro (India) 0
  Tiwa 0
  Khasi 0
  Pnar 0
People Groups Speaking Phake

Primary Language:  Phake

Bible Translation Status:  Translation Started

Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2024  Kerry Olson  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Video Source Asia Harvest
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



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