Sonar (Sikh traditions) in India

The Sonar (Sikh traditions) have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Subgroups: 47 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Tetulia 37,000
Ahir 24,000
Bamariya 19,000
Mahavar 19,000
Arora 17,000
Baghelkhandi 16,000
Bari 16,000
Bundelkhandi 16,000
Sunar 16,000
Devanga 15,000

Introduction / History

The name of the community is derived from the word sona meaning gold, and the people who work with gold are called Sunar or Sonar. Traditionally they were goldsmiths, but with the availability of better educational facilities the Sonar have become inclined towards higher education leading to other lines of work. They claim their social status next to that of the Brahmin, but other communities might not agree. However, those who own jewelry stores are usually very wealthy. Most Sonar Sikhs live in Punjab, Haryana and Delhi although they also live in other parts of India. They speak Punjabi and Hindi and read and write in Gurmukhi.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Known for their work with gold and silver, the Sonars produce elaborate jewelry and ornaments, using precious and semi-precious stones. Others cut and polish diamonds. Typically, the Sonars own their own jewelry stores. Sonar gold jewelry is greatly sought after for weddings in India. Other Sonars are effective money-managers, wisely investing and saving money. Some wealthier Sonars become money lenders. They allow people to divorce and re-marry. Both sons and daughters inherit the property in the same amounts when the father dies, and the oldest son becomes the family head.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Though most Sonars are Hindu, there are Sikhs among them. Sikhs believe in one supreme God and they have their own holy book, the Guru Granth Sahib, which is mainly a collection of hymns of praise to God. The name of a Sikh child is given by them after reciting of the Sikh religious texts. In Haryana, Sikh marriages are performed around the Guru Granth Sahib which is the main religious literature of Sikhism.


What Are Their Needs?

Like all other people groups, the Sonars need the opportunity to become the children of the king of Kings and lord of Lords.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Sonar (Sikh traditions) in India.

Pray for the Sikh Sonar community to be humble enough to acknowledge their need for forgiveness of sin, and that they understand the only provision for forgiveness that God has provided. Pray for intercessors and workers to faithfully serve the Sikh Sonar community. Pray for a powerful disciple making movement among the Sikh Sonar community.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Sonar (Sikh traditions)
People Name in Country Sonar (Sikh traditions)
Pronunciation so-NAR
Population this Country 218,000
Population all Countries 218,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 4
Alternate Names Aksali; Ashraf; Chaudhari; Hemkar; Jangar; Jargar; Kamsala; Kapila; Khakhar; Khatri; Konkar; Maipotra; Mair; Niaria; Patni; Potdar; Sanur; Saraf; Sarat; Sharif; Sheriff; Soni; Soni Hahajan; Sonkar; Sunar; Suni; Sunia; Suniar; Suniyara; Suvarnakar; Swarankar; Swarnakar; Tank; Verma; Zagar; Zargur; सोनार (सिख ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 18169
ROP3 Code 113681
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asia Sikh - other
People Group Sonar (Sikh traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25
Total Subgroups 47 (only 15 largest shown)
  Tetulia 37,000
  Ahir 24,000
  Bamariya 19,000
  Mahavar 19,000
  Arora 17,000
  Baghelkhandi 16,000
  Bari 16,000
  Bundelkhandi 16,000
  Sunar 16,000
  Devanga 15,000
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 22
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Punjab
178,000
Haryana
12,000
Rajasthan
6,600
Delhi
6,000
Uttar Pradesh
5,200
Uttarakhand
2,400
Maharashtra
1,800
Madhya Pradesh
1,500
Jammu and Kashmir
1,300
Jharkhand
700
Chhattisgarh
600
Himachal Pradesh
600
Gujarat
600
Chandigarh
500
West Bengal
500
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 22  (only 20 largest shown)
  Punjab 178,000
  Haryana 12,000
  Rajasthan 6,600
  Delhi 6,000
  Uttar Pradesh 5,200
  Uttarakhand 2,400
  Maharashtra 1,800
  Madhya Pradesh 1,500
  Jammu and Kashmir 1,300
  Jharkhand 700
  Chhattisgarh 600
  Himachal Pradesh 600
  Gujarat 600
  Chandigarh 500
  West Bengal 500
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (158,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 12
Secondary Languages
Hindi
24,000
Bagri
3,700
Haryanvi
900
Marwari
800
Dogri
100
Kumaoni
40
Kangri
30
Gujarati
20
Pahari-Potwari: Poonch
20
Urdu Chhattisgarhi
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (158,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 12
Secondary Languages
  Hindi 24,000
  Bagri 3,700
  Haryanvi 900
  Marwari 800
  Dogri 100
  Kumaoni 40
  Kangri 30
  Gujarati 20
  Pahari-Potwari: Poonch 20
  Urdu 10
  Chhattisgarhi 10
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Eastern

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Eastern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1818-1954)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1815-2011)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2019)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, complete Bible
Audio Recordings Online Audio Scripture
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Recorded oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Eyes of the Heart
Film / Video Following Jesus video
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern
Film / Video Magdalena video
Film / Video Satsung of the Sadguru Jesus
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children
Film / Video Who Can Help You?
General Biblical answers to your questions
General Gospel resources links
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Punjabi, Eastern
Text / Printed Matter Children and youth resources
Primary Religion: Other / Small
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
100.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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