Mahtam (Sikh traditions) in India

The Mahtam (Sikh traditions) have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

Most of the Mahtam Sikh (or Rai Sikh) in the Punjab are migrants from Pakistan. They claim to have 36 clans (gotras), including the Goge, Sarari, Kachure, Badwal, Book and Hakwan. The traditional occupations of the Mahtam Sikh were farming, hunting wild boars, fishing and liquor distillation.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Today they are primarily farmers, but many are engaged in other trades as well. They maintain cordial relationships with the scheduled castes and other artisan and service castes of the nearby villages.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Many Mahtam Sikhs now follow the religious teachings of a man named Radha Soami, which has led to less alcoholism and more vegetarianism.

Sikhism originated from a 15th century teacher named Guru Nanak Dev as a reform movement. He rejected the Hindu caste system, taught that all people were equal and that all have equal access to God. The Sikh God is formless, without gender and is to be found in everyone. One gets closer to God by living a good life and by practicing charity. Like Hindus, Sikhs believe in reincarnation and the law of karma; you reap what you sow in your previous life. Like Muslims, the Sikhs worship only one God.

One may recognize a Sikh man by his distinctive turban. All the 10 great Sikh gurus wore turbans. Sikh teaching mandates that a person not cut his or her hair. They worship their holy book, the Granth Sahib, which is a collection of hymns.

There are roughly the same number of Sikhs as there are Jews in the world, but Sikhs are most concentrated in Punjab, their homeland. However, you will find smaller numbers of Sikhs all over the world. Many of the best Indian restaurants in the West are owned and operated by Sikhs.


What Are Their Needs?

Lack of workers able to carry the gospel message accurately is an ongoing problem throughout South Asia.


Prayer Points

Pray the gospel will be proclaimed widely and effectively via gospel radio in the Punjabi languages spoken in Punjab state and beyond.

There are a number of former Sikhs in Punjab who now follow Christ. Pray they will take his great name to the Mahtam community. Pray for a movement of God's Spirit throughout Punjab. There are encouraging developments already.


Scripture Prayers for the Mahtam (Sikh traditions) in India.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-23
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-10-03
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-05-21
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-08-11
People Name General Mahtam (Sikh traditions)
People Name in Country Mahtam (Sikh traditions)
Pronunciation mah-TAHM
Population this Country 638,000
Population all Countries 638,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 13
Alternate Names Mahatam; Mahatma; Matheran; Mohtam; Rai Sikh; महटाम (सिख ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 18131
ROP3 Code 113638
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 24
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Punjab
498,000
Haryana
33,000
Rajasthan
24,000
Delhi
24,000
Uttar Pradesh
19,000
Uttarakhand
8,000
Maharashtra
7,600
Madhya Pradesh
4,200
Jammu and Kashmir
3,400
Chandigarh
3,200
Jharkhand
1,700
West Bengal
1,400
Himachal Pradesh
1,300
Chhattisgarh
1,200
Gujarat
1,200
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 24  (only 20 largest shown)
  Punjab 498,000
  Haryana 33,000
  Rajasthan 24,000
  Delhi 24,000
  Uttar Pradesh 19,000
  Uttarakhand 8,000
  Maharashtra 7,600
  Madhya Pradesh 4,200
  Jammu and Kashmir 3,400
  Chandigarh 3,200
  Jharkhand 1,700
  West Bengal 1,400
  Himachal Pradesh 1,300
  Chhattisgarh 1,200
  Gujarat 1,200
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (418,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
Hindi
84,000
Bagri
30,000
Haryanvi
3,400
Kumaoni
600
Dogri
600
Marwari
300
Kangri
200
Garhwali
100
Dhundari
100
Awadhi
80
Gujarati
40
Pahari-Potwari: Poonch
40
Mandeali
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (418,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
  Hindi 84,000
  Bagri 30,000
  Haryanvi 3,400
  Kumaoni 600
  Dogri 600
  Marwari 300
  Kangri 200
  Garhwali 100
  Dhundari 100
  Awadhi 80
  Gujarati 40
  Pahari-Potwari: Poonch 40
  Mandeali 10
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Eastern

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Eastern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1818-1954)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1815-2011)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1959-2021)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, complete Bible DAVAR Partners International
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Recorded oral Bible Oral Bibles
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Eyes of the Heart Create International
Film / Video Following Jesus video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video God's Story video God's Story
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Magdalena video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Satsung of the Sadguru Jesus Create International
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Who Can Help You? Create International
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions Got Questions Ministry
General Four Spiritual Laws Campus Crusade for Christ
General Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
General Zume Resources Zume Project
General Zume Training Zume Project
Primary Religion: Other / Small
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
1.58 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
98.42 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source (Representative photo)
Sandeep Singh - Pixabay 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more