Kandra in India

The Kandra have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Kandra or Kandara are a people group who live in east central India near rivers and the Indian Ocean. Their name means "tendon." They qualify as a scheduled caste, which gives them special preferences in public jobs and university admission. In a recent survey only 68% of men and 50% of Kandra women could read and write. Other Hindus see most Kandra as Dalits. Often the Kandra are denied entrance to Hindu temples. Brahmins priests do not offer their services to Dalits.

The main occupations of the Kandra are makers of bamboo items, fishing, security guards and landless agricultural workers.

The primary language of the Kandra is Odia. Some others speak Bengali and other regional languages.


Where Are they Located?

The large majority of the Kandra people live in the Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal. Smaller pockets of Kandra live in other Indian states.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The life of the typical Kandra family is not easy. Their traditional jobs of makers of inexpensive bamboo items and as farm workers on other castes' land have given way to becoming fishermen. Kandra men fish in the waters of the Bay of Bengal and in the rivers of Odisha and West Bengal states. When fishing is good, the Kandra can make ends meet. When fishing is bad, they starve. With little education, they will take any job that can bring money to their families. Illiteracy is a major problem. Unfortunately, many of their children do not attend school or attend school for at most a few years. Some Kandra men watch the property and land of higher castes as guards.

The Kandra are endogamous, that is they marry within their own group. Cousin marriages are popular. Sons inherit what little property that owned by their fathers. Their own priests conduct important life ceremonies like births, wedding and funerals as Brahmin priests refuse to associate with the Dalit Kandra.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Kandra are almost all Hindus. Hinduism is the ancient religion of India. The Kandra worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. They give special attention to Vishnu, the preserver god. They offer food, flowers and incense at their shrines because they are often not allowed into Hindu temples. The goal of the Hindu is to escape the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth through the performance of rituals and good deeds.

The Kandra participate in the yearly Hindu holidays of Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the nine-day celebration of autumn.


What Are Their Needs?

The Kandra have many pressing needs. Most of all they need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see the love and mercy of Christ lived out before them by Christians. The Kandra need help in educating their children. They need job training so they can make a decent living.


Prayer Points

Pray for Kandra families to be drawn to Jesus and to the Bible to find out more about this man, Jesus.
Pray for discovery Bible studies to spread rapidly as they bless Kandra families and communities.
Pray the Lord will give the Kandra understanding and responsive hearts as they hear about the love of Christ.
Pray the Lord moves Christian workers to live among and reach out to the Kandra.


Scripture Prayers for the Kandra in India.


References

magazines.odisha.gov.in/Orissareview/Sept2004/englishPdf/sociopolitical.pdf
http://news.desigoogly.com/blog/kandra-caste-definition/


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-11-13
People Name General Kandra
People Name in Country Kandra
Population this Country 787,000
Population all Countries 787,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 16
Alternate Names Kanda; Kandanara; Kandar; Kandara; Kodma; Kondara; Kondora; Kondra; Kundari; कंडरा
People ID 17219
ROP3 Code 112585
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 21
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Odisha
625,000
West Bengal
132,000
Chhattisgarh
9,800
Andhra Pradesh
5,500
Assam
3,300
Jharkhand
1,800
Tripura
1,100
Manipur
800
Maharashtra
400
Bihar
300
Andaman and Nicobar
200
Delhi
200
Meghalaya
100
Nagaland
90
Madhya Pradesh
90
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 21  (only 20 largest shown)
  Odisha 625,000
  West Bengal 132,000
  Chhattisgarh 9,800
  Andhra Pradesh 5,500
  Assam 3,300
  Jharkhand 1,800
  Tripura 1,100
  Manipur 800
  Maharashtra 400
  Bihar 300
  Andaman and Nicobar 200
  Delhi 200
  Meghalaya 100
  Nagaland 90
  Madhya Pradesh 90
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Odia (517,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
Bengali
118,000
Hindi
23,000
Kuvi
1,500
Assamese
1,200
Chhattisgarhi
1,100
Telugu
500
Maithili
400
Santhali
300
Kui
300
Mundari: Bhumij
300
Ho
300
Desiya
100
Kui, Dawik
30
Kurux
30
Primary Language Odia (517,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
  Bengali 118,000
  Hindi 23,000
  Kuvi 1,500
  Assamese 1,200
  Chhattisgarhi 1,100
  Telugu 500
  Maithili 400
  Santhali 300
  Kui 300
  Mundari: Bhumij 300
  Ho 300
  Desiya 100
  Kui, Dawik 30
  Kurux 30
People Groups Speaking Odia

Primary Language:  Odia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1811-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1815-2021)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Following Jesus video
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Odia
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena video
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime
Film / Video Rivka video
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children
General Bible for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gospel resources links
General Gospel resources links
General Gospel website in this language
General Gospel website in this language
General Zume Training
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.09 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.14 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.77 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more