Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Subgroups: 1

Subgroup Name Population
Gola 51,000

Introduction / History

At some point in India's history, a whole class of people were forced by violence and religious sanction into demeaning roles. These are the Dalits, and among them, the Chakkiliyans have exceptionally low status in the Hindu caste system.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Today, some of the Chakkiliyan in south India are educated, occupying administrative positions both in private and public sectors. But most of the Chakkiliyan have a low standard of living and a low literacy rate. They work as leather workers or "night soil" removers. Night soil is a respectable term for human waste. This is also an outcome of the lack of a proper sanitation system throughout India. Due to their association with night soil, others in Indian society have been reluctant to associate with them including other low status Dalit communities. Some Chakkiliyan work in agricultural and day laborers across western and northern Tamil Nadu. They usually live in a place that is apart from the main village like other Dalits. Many place names in India and Sri Lanka are named for this community.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Most of the Chakkiliyan practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain "moksha" or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Chakkiliyan visit Hindu shrines and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods as Christians do. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. About 10% of the Chakkiliyan claim to be followers of Jesus Christ.


What Are Their Needs?

The Chakkiliyan need the esteem that comes from having their identity in Christ, not in the status others give them. Most of them need to learn to read and write. They need new job skills, so they are able to provide for their families. They would benefit from access to modern medicine and clean water.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions) in India.

* Pray that God would provide the Chakkiliyan children with good schools and teachers. * Ask the Lord to send out workers to them who will help them put their trust in Christ. * Ask the Lord to provide trained pastors who can teach the believers the Word of God.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions)
Population this Country 862,000
Population all Countries 889,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 6  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 17
Alternate Names Arava Chakali; Arava Chakkali; Arava Chakkali/Kristava Arundhatiyar; Arundhatiyar; Cakkala; Cakkali; Cakkoli; Chakka; Chakkala; Chucklers; Kristava Arundhatiyar; Madari; Pagadai; Toti; Vattakkadan; चक्कीलियनएसी
People ID 16600
ROP3 Code 111805
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 19
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
800,000
Kerala
38,000
Andhra Pradesh
11,000
Maharashtra
4,700
Puducherry
2,500
Delhi
2,200
Telangana
1,200
Karnataka
600
West Bengal
400
Andaman and Nicobar
300
Chhattisgarh
200
Odisha
200
Madhya Pradesh
200
Gujarat
100
Uttar Pradesh
80
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 19
  Tamil Nadu 800,000
  Kerala 38,000
  Andhra Pradesh 11,000
  Maharashtra 4,700
  Puducherry 2,500
  Delhi 2,200
  Telangana 1,200
  Karnataka 600
  West Bengal 400
  Andaman and Nicobar 300
  Chhattisgarh 200
  Odisha 200
  Madhya Pradesh 200
  Gujarat 100
  Uttar Pradesh 80
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (805,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
40,000
Telugu
14,000
Kannada
60
Primary Language Tamil (805,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 40,000
  Telugu 14,000
  Kannada 60
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Finding Peace
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Comprehensive list of Tamil Resources
General Gospel website in this language
General Got Questions Ministry
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.08 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.07 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.85 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Thamizhpparithi Maari  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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