Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) in Bhutan

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Introduction / History

The Rajbansi are a people who live in the small, mountainous country of Bhutan in Asia. Most of the Rajbansi live in other South Asian countries such India, Bangladesh and Nepal. They reside in the foothills and valleys of the highest range of mountains in the world, the Himalayas.

The Rajbansi are a dark-skinned people of medium height. Their primary language is Rangpuri. Some of them also speak Hindi, Assamese and Bengali.

The Rajbansi migrated to Bhutan approximately 300 years ago, and although their origins are unclear. One legend says they are the descendants of the children of a Bengali man and an Arakan woman. Other legends declare them to be an ancient people descended from the Dravidian race who lived in southern India. Many of the Rajbansi are unable to read or write. Many do not have access to modern medical care or conveniences like electricity and indoor plumbing.

Where Are they Located?

Most of the Bhutanese Rajbansi live in the Western province of Bhutan. Smaller groups live in other regions of Bhutan.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Most Rajbansi are subsistence farmers. They survive on the produce of their own labor. Although they raise some livestock, they do not seem to consider the animals as a primary source of income. Instead, animal products are used as items to sell to purchase necessities that they can't make or grow themselves. A shortage of suitable arable land, and poor farming methods all contribute to a low level of food production. They are excellent weavers, and some have begun to earn money by their weaving. Others work for the government or find employment in the private sector. As a whole, they live impoverished lives. The Rajbansi are hesitant to change their lifestyle, and they struggle to learn new types of work.

Rajbansi houses are made of wood, bamboo, thatch, and mud are clustered in villages ranging from ten to one hundred buildings. As in all patriarchal societies, the father is the undisputed head of the household. Most homes are composed of a basic family unit (parents and their children) until the oldest son marries. He and his wife then live with his parents until the second son marries. When the family head dies, all authority and responsibilities are transferred to the eldest son. Most marriages are arranged, and weddings are conducted according to traditional Hindu rites and rituals.
The Rajbansi dress very simply. Western style clothing is slowly becoming more common. The main foods of the Rajbansi are barley, potatoes, wheat, vegetables and dairy products.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Rajbansi are Hindus who mix their Hinduism with folk religion. Every Rajbansi village has a separate hut dedicated to the worship of the Hindu goddess of death and sex, Kali. Though the Rajbansi celebrate the Hindu festivals of Dasai and Tihar, the Rajbansi do not observe them the same way Hindus do in India. Like many tribal peoples, the Rajbansi do not use Brahmins but have their own priests, monks and shamans. Their religion consists of paying proper respect to their ancestors and in appeasing evil spirits by performing various rituals.

There is a tiny group of believers among the Rajbansi. The JESUS film is available in the language of the Rangpuri as well as some Bible books.

What Are Their Needs?

Bhutan is an isolated nation and the Rajbansi are an isolated people in Bhutan. The Rajbansi need help in educating their children. They need help in obtaining modern medicine and in improving their crop yields so they will have more to trade. Most of all, they need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand.

Prayer Points

Pray for workers to catch a vision for reaching the Rajbansi people for Jesus and that in God's sovereign timing the hearts of the Rajbansi people would be open and ready to follow him.
Pray for believers in northeast India to reach out and share the gospel with the Rajbansi.
Pray for the spiritual lives of the Rajbansi people to become fruitful as they follow Christ.
Pray for the lives and culture of the Rajbansi people to evidence the rule and reign of the Kingdom of God.

Scripture Prayers for the Rajbansi (Hindu traditions) in Bhutan.



Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Rajbansi (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Rajbansi (Hindu traditions)
Pronunciation rahj-VAHN-see
Alternate Names Bahey; Desi; Kocch; Koch; Konch; Paliya; Raghubansi; Rajbanshi; Rajbansim; Tajpuri; राजबांसी
Population this Country 10,000
Population all Countries 6,784,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 14513
ROP3 Code 108268
ROP25 Code 306904
ROP25 Name Rajbansi
Country Bhutan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 36  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 4
Largest States
Country Bhutan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 36  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 4
  Western 9,500
  Eastern 300
  Southern 100
  Central 40
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
3.85 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
1.81 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
83.26 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
11.09 %
* From latest Bhutan census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Rangpuri
Language Code rkt   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 7
Secondary Languages
Assamese Bengali Hindi
Koch Kurux Mundari
Primary Language Rangpuri
Language Code rkt   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 7
Secondary Languages
People Groups Speaking Rangpuri

Primary Language:  Rangpuri

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (2016)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2016)
Bible-Complete No
FCBH NT (www.bible.is) Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video God's Story video God's Story
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Rangpuri Jesus Film Project
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels Bible Media Group/LUMO
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Gospel website in this language General / Other
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file Faith Comes by Hearing
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2024  International Mission Board-SBC  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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