Ravidas Chamar (Hindu traditions) in India

The Ravidas Chamar (Hindu traditions) have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Ravidas are part of a subgroup of Chamar Dalits or Untouchables who live in India. The Chamars represent the largest population of Dalits in the country. The Ravidas are a portion of the Chamars that revere the 15th century guru Ravidas. Their traditional occupation is that of leather worker, a profession, which is scorned by devout Hindus. The Ravidas make shoes, belts and other goods from dead cattle. They do no kill the animals, which would be against their Hindu beliefs. Some Ravidas have left their former occupation to weave bamboo into baskets and other useful items. Still others work as landless laborers on tea plantations and farms. Unfortunately, illiteracy is an issue for the Ravidas. Without a proper education, they have little opportunity to escape their lives of poverty and exclusion.


The Ravidas Chamar are designated a Scheduled caste by the Indian government. They are eligible for special preference for public jobs and in university admission.


The primary language of the Ravidas is Hindi. They also speak other regional Indian languages like Kangri and Gujarati.


Where Are they Located?

Most of the Ravidas Chamar lives in the north Indian state of Jharkand. The rest live across many areas of India like Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The lives of the Ravidas Chamar, like the lives of all Dalits, are challenging. They are excluded from many aspects of Indian life by their Dalit classification. The Indian Constitution outlaws the caste system, but it still ingrained in the hearts of the Hindus. Most Ravidas live in rural villages without the modern blessings of clean water, electricity and indoor plumbing.


The Ravidas marry within their caste. Their own priests lead important life ceremonies since Brahmins will not work with them. Families arrange marriages. Sons inherit property with the home going to the eldest son. The newly married Ravidas couple lives with or near the groom's parents.


The main foods of the Ravidas Chamar are rice, sorghum and seasonable vegetables and fruit. The Ravidas are not vegetarians but as Hindus will not eat beef.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Ravidas Chamar practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Their main gods are Vishnu, the preserver and Shiva, the destroyer. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Ravidas offer prayers, food, flowers and incense to their gods at their village shrines because at Dalits they are often not allowed to enter standard Hindu temples.


The main yearly holidays of the Ravidas people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the celebration of autumn.


What Are Their Needs?

The Ravidas Chamar have pressing needs. They need help in getting an education for their children. They need help in bringing clean water, electricity and indoor plumbing to their villages. Most of all, they need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Ravidas Chamar (Hindu traditions) in India.

* Pray that God sends Christian workers to share the gospel with and help with the physical needs of the Ravidas.
* Pray for the Holy Spirit to give the Ravidas people a love for God's Word and a desire to spread its influence.
* Pray that the tiny number of Ravidas Christians would be trained and that their numbers would increase as they share God's Word with their brothers and sisters.


References

joshuaproject.net/people_groups/16561/IN


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Ravidas Chamar (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Ravidas Chamar (Hindu traditions)
World Population 1,389,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 28
Alternate Names रविदास चामर
People ID 20918
ROP3 Code 117679
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 15
Largest States
Uttar Pradesh
396,000
Bihar
219,000
Jharkhand
173,000
Chhattisgarh
116,000
Madhya Pradesh
114,000
Rajasthan
90,000
Gujarat
84,000
Haryana
67,000
Delhi
42,000
Himachal Pradesh
23,000
Uttarakhand
23,000
West Bengal
22,000
Punjab
14,000
Odisha
1,900
Chandigarh
1,100
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 15
  Uttar Pradesh 396,000
  Bihar 219,000
  Jharkhand 173,000
  Chhattisgarh 116,000
  Madhya Pradesh 114,000
  Rajasthan 90,000
  Gujarat 84,000
  Haryana 67,000
  Delhi 42,000
  Himachal Pradesh 23,000
  Uttarakhand 23,000
  West Bengal 22,000
  Punjab 14,000
  Odisha 1,900
  Chandigarh 1,100
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Hindi (967,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 38
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bhojpuri
98,000
Gujarati
76,000
Chhattisgarhi
74,000
Punjabi, Eastern
23,000
Bengali
21,000
Maithili
20,000
Awadhi
18,000
Kanauji
16,000
Magahi
12,000
Dhundari
11,000
Haryanvi
8,300
Bundeli
7,700
Garhwali
7,100
Marwari
6,700
Kangri
6,000
Primary Language Hindi (967,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 38
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bhojpuri 98,000
  Gujarati 76,000
  Chhattisgarhi 74,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 23,000
  Bengali 21,000
  Maithili 20,000
  Awadhi 18,000
  Kanauji 16,000
  Magahi 12,000
  Dhundari 11,000
  Haryanvi 8,300
  Bundeli 7,700
  Garhwali 7,100
  Marwari 6,700
  Kangri 6,000
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Hindi
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / Video Coconuts
Film / Video Creation to Christ
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.31 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.86 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.83 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.