Bania Mahur in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Banias originated over 5,000 years ago, and they are also called Vania or Mahajan. Their name is derived from 'Vaniji', which means "trader or mercahnt" in Sanskrit.

Of the four major varnas or castes, Banias are in the third one, the Vaishyas. This caste cluster has always been about trade, business, and money lending. They were usually traders of grain and spices throughout history. Today Bania is a rather loose term, sometimes meaning caste and other times just business people.

Despite their high incomes, the Banias have only modest status in the Hindu caste pyramid. They often resent the higher two varnas, the Brahmans and the Kshatryas. Banias have often been leaders in caste reform movements. Many Banias are moving to Banglalore, India's "Silicon Valley" to take advantage of the business opportunities there.


Where Are they Located?

Most Bania Mahur live in the Indian states of Rajastan and Uttar Pradesh. Smaller numbers live in Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and other regions across India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

A Bania might be the proud owner of a giant business, a small one, or he might be working in a bank. He might even own the bank. Others work in government ministries or as lawyers, judges, teachers, scholars, stockbrokers, or engineers.

The Bania Mahur are among the wealthiest people in India. Business skills are passed down from father to son, and from an early age children are drilled in math and detailed calculations with the end purpose of winning in money transactions.

The Bania are exogamous, that is they will frequently marry outside their group. Sons inherit their father's property with the eldest son receiving the family home.

Most Banias are vegetarians while some eat meat except for beef.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Nearly all Bania peoples claim the Hindu religion, but as merchants they have chosen gods that reflect their profession. They often worship the goddess of wealth, Lakshmi and the god of good fortune, Ganesha. These are the gods who drive their lives.

The Bania Mahur participate in the yearly Hindu holidays of Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the nine-day celebration of autumn.


What Are Their Needs?

Mahur Banias need a spiritual transformation that will bring them to the point where they want to follow the ways of Jesus, and abandon the old ways. These ways have left them spiritually empty. Most of all the Bania Mahur need to hear the life-changing gospel of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see the love and mercy of Christ lived out before them.


Prayer Points

* Pray that the veil of deception will be lifted from the eyes of Bania Mahur, and that they will see that the only true wealth is the spiritual riches gained through a loving relationship with Jesus Christ.
* Pray that Christian workers will be called to work among them and share Christ in a culturally relevant way.
* Pray for a disciple making movement to emerge among every Bania Mahur community.


References

hr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bania
joshuaproject.net/people_groups/19713/NP


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-08-01
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-10-06
People Name General Bania Mahur
People Name in Country Bania Mahur
World Population 873,100
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 17
Alternate Names Bihari, Mahawar, Mahuri, Mahuri Bais, बनिया, महुर
People ID 19713
ROP3 Code 115165
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 24
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Rajasthan
343,000
Uttar Pradesh
158,000
Madhya Pradesh
82,000
Gujarat
68,000
Maharashtra
56,000
Haryana
50,000
Delhi
37,000
Bihar
24,000
Punjab
19,000
Chhattisgarh
8,600
Uttarakhand
7,200
Jammu and Kashmir
5,800
Jharkhand
5,700
Chandigarh
2,500
Goa
2,300
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 24  (only 20 largest shown)
  Rajasthan 343,000
  Uttar Pradesh 158,000
  Madhya Pradesh 82,000
  Gujarat 68,000
  Maharashtra 56,000
  Haryana 50,000
  Delhi 37,000
  Bihar 24,000
  Punjab 19,000
  Chhattisgarh 8,600
  Uttarakhand 7,200
  Jammu and Kashmir 5,800
  Jharkhand 5,700
  Chandigarh 2,500
  Goa 2,300
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (336,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 35
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Sindhi
254,000
Marwari
69,000
Dhundari
42,000
Gujarati
41,000
Shekhawati
24,000
Marathi
24,000
Merwari
9,100
Bagri
8,900
Bhojpuri
8,400
Punjabi, Eastern
7,600
Awadhi
6,700
Mewari
6,200
Magahi
6,100
Kanauji
4,300
Haryanvi
3,800
Primary Language Hindi (336,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 35
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Sindhi 254,000
  Marwari 69,000
  Dhundari 42,000
  Gujarati 41,000
  Shekhawati 24,000
  Marathi 24,000
  Merwari 9,100
  Bagri 8,900
  Bhojpuri 8,400
  Punjabi, Eastern 7,600
  Awadhi 6,700
  Mewari 6,200
  Magahi 6,100
  Kanauji 4,300
  Haryanvi 3,800
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.18 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.82 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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