Hainan Island Hakka in China

The Hakka, Hainan Island have only been reported in China
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Many believe that Hakka communities first migrated to Hainan Island in the aftermath of the Hakka- Cantonese wars in the 1860s. The Hakka were encouraged to migrate to vacant areas by the government. After the Songtao Reservoir was constructed in the 1970s, the Hakka moved to its northern bank and built new communities. Before that time they had lived scattered across various parts of Hainan. "There is evidence that almost as early as 900 AD, wandering farm laborers came by the north and northeastern routes out of Fujian and southern Jiangxi into Guangdong to work for the indolent natives. A census taken of the population of Moichu in the year 976 AD lists 367 such 'guests' and 1,210 'native' residents.

Although considered part of the Han Chinese nationality, the Hakka on Hainan Island speak their own unique language that is unintelligible to speakers of Hainanese Chinese. It is also reported to be distinct from other Hakka varieties in China.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Some believe the Hakka to have originally been a cross between Chinese soldiers and Ikia women. "They adopted most of the Chinese customs, mingled with the natives, and being bold and enterprising, succeeded in supplanting them."


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Hakka of Hainan Island practice traditional Chinese religions, especially Daoism and elements of Buddhism. Most of the younger generation are atheists.

Without a church or a gospel witness, the Hakka of Hainan Island are a relatively untouched people group. In recent years a powerful church planting movement among the Hainanese has resulted in more than 550 house churches being formed throughout the island, but this movement has yet to spread to the area inhabited by the Hakka. The Hakka JESUS Film and Hakka gospel broadcasts are available, but the Hakka on Hainan Island cannot understand them. Because their language is distinct, the Hakka Bible is also of no practical use to them.


What Are Their Needs?

Without the guidance of Christ, these people will be spiritually lost in this life and the life to come. They need someone to go to them as Christ-bearers.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Hakka, Hainan Island in China.

Pray for the spiritual blindness and bondage to the evil one to be removed so they can understand and respond to Christ.

Pray for the Lord to provide for their physical and spiritual needs as a testimony of his power and love.

Pray that the Hakka people will have a spiritual hunger that will open their hearts to the King of kings.

Pray for an unstoppable movement to Christ among them.


References

Operation China, Asia Harvest, Copyrighted © Used with permission


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Hakka, Hainan Island
People Name in Country Hakka, Hainan Island
Natural Name Hainan Island Hakka
Pronunciation HYE-nahn Hah-kah
Population this Country 2,400
Population all Countries 2,400
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names
People ID 18472
ROP3 Code 114077
Country China
Region Asia, Northeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country The Hakka of Hainan Island - who speak a language unintelligible with the Hakka on the Chinese Mainland - total approximately 2,000 people in four villages. They live near the man-made Songtao Reservoir in Danzhao County, in the northwestern part of Hainan Island. Hainan was considered part of Guangdong Province until 1988, when it was granted status as a separate province.   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Country China
Region Asia, Northeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country The Hakka of Hainan Island - who speak a language unintelligible with the Hakka on the Chinese Mainland - total approximately 2,000 people in four villages. They live near the man-made Songtao Reservoir in Danzhao County, in the northwestern part of Hainan Island. Hainan was considered part of Guangdong Province until 1988, when it was granted status as a separate province..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Primary Language Chinese, Hakka (2,400 speakers)
Language Code hak   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Chinese, Hakka (2,400 speakers)
Language Code hak   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Chinese, Hakka

Primary Language:  Chinese, Hakka

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1860-1995)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1883-1993)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1916-2012)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings Online Audio Scripture
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Chinese, Hakka
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
General Gospel resources links
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file
Mobile App Download audio Bible app from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Chinese, Hakka
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Chinese, Hakka
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Chinese, Hakka
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Chinese, Hakka
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
15.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
45.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
40.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source Rain Rannu - Flickr  Creative Commons 
Map Source World Factbook / Joshua Project  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more