Kayastha (Hindu traditions) in Nepal


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest Nepal census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

Kayasthas mostly belong to the Hindi-speaking states of West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Delhi.

Kayasthas also migrated to various other parts of the country. Most of the Kayasthas who shifted to Hyderabad from Delhi and Uttar Pradesh in the middle of the eighteenth century got employment in the court of the Nizam. In 1820, out of the 400 North Indian mansabdars, 60 were Kayasthas.


What Are Their Lives Like?

With the passing of time, the Kayasthas have surged ahead. They have broken new grounds in vocations other than those relating to writing and record-keeping, and excelled in them. Thus, in public life, Dr Rajendra Prasad rose to become the first President of the Republic of India, whereas Lal Bahadur Shastri succeeded Jawaharlal Nehru as the Prime Minister. Dr Sampuranand was the Chief Minister of U.P. and Governor of Rajasthan, besides being a literary figure. Jaya Prakash Narain brought down Indira Gandhi, Subhas Chandra Bose fought the British rule militarily. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar, and Jagdish Chandra Bose were eminent scientists. Munshi Prem Chand, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Raghupat Sahai "Firaque" Gorakhpuri, Dr Vrindavan Lal Verma, Dr Ram Kumar Verma and Dr Dharm Vir Bharti have been men of letters. Swami Vivekanand was a philosopher and a true Indian. Amitabh Bachchan and Shatrughan Sinha have excelled in the film world, Mukesh and Sonu Nigam in the world of music.


What Are Their Beliefs?

It is said that Brahma, the Creator, having established the four varnas "Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra" dained Dharamraj (also called Yamraj, the god of death) to keep record of the deeds "good and evil" of all life-forms born and yet to be born on the earth, in the heavens above and in the lands below. Dharamraj, however, complained, "O Lord, how can I alone keep record of the deeds of the beings born into 84 lakh yonis (life-forms) in the three worlds?"

Brahma then closed his eyes, meditated for a while and lo and behold! there appeared a radiant figure with a quill-pen in one hand and an ink-pot in another. Brahma named him Chittagupta for he was conceived in his cognitive-self (chitta) and he was lying in Him, dormant and secret (gupta). He was born of Brahma's body (kaya) and so the Lord decreed that his progenies be called Kayasthas. He was assigned to work as a minister, to write and record for Dharamraj. Thus, the fifth varna, the Kayastha, came into existence. Some historians hold the view that during the reign of the Mughals, a number of Hindus who were were educated and endowed with sharp intellect attained administrative positions through rapid adaptation to the Persian language and culture of India's new rulers. These influential Hindus got together and formed a new caste known as Kayastha.


Prayer Points

Scripture Prayers for the Kayastha (Hindu traditions) in Nepal.


Profile Source:   Alok Saxena  

People Name General Kayastha (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Kayastha (Hindu traditions)
Pronunciation kay-AHS-tah
Population this Country 51,000
Population all Countries 8,631,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Kact; Kaiath; Kait; Kaith; Karan; Kast; Kastha; Kayashtha; Kayasth; Kayath; Lal; Lala; Lalli; कायस्ता (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17124
ROP3 Code 112470
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 48  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 13
Largest States
Janakpur
14,000
Narayani
12,000
Kosi
6,400
Sagarmatha
4,700
Lumbini
4,400
Bheri
4,200
Bagmati
3,200
Mechi
1,200
Seti
500
Dhaulagiri
300
Gandaki
200
Mahakali
70
Rapti
50
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 48  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 13
  Janakpur 14,000
  Narayani 12,000
  Kosi 6,400
  Sagarmatha 4,700
  Lumbini 4,400
  Bheri 4,200
  Bagmati 3,200
  Mechi 1,200
  Seti 500
  Dhaulagiri 300
  Gandaki 200
  Mahakali 70
  Rapti 50
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Maithili (27,000 speakers)
Language Code mai   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 10
Secondary Languages
Bhojpuri
9,400
Awadhi
4,800
Nepali
1,500
Hindi
800
Bengali
500
Angika
300
Rangpuri
80
Magahi
40
Kumaoni
20
Primary Language Maithili (27,000 speakers)
Language Code mai   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 10
Secondary Languages
  Bhojpuri 9,400
  Awadhi 4,800
  Nepali 1,500
  Hindi 800
  Bengali 500
  Angika 300
  Rangpuri 80
  Magahi 40
  Kumaoni 20
People Groups Speaking Maithili
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.41 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.59 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest Nepal census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Alok Saxena  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more