Gandharb (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Subgroups: 3

Subgroup Name Population
Hansotia Unknown
Machhi Unknown
Mujphadia Unknown

Introduction / History

The Gandharb people, also known as the Gardharv, are a Jat community. They are an ancient people mentioned in the Vedas. In these sacred Hindu writings, they were known as singers, musicians and dancers who lived near temples. The British called the Gandharb a “martial” (military) caste. The Gandharb men fought with and against the British during the colonial period. The Gandharb often led rebellions against the Muslim rulers during the Mughals’ reign. For their military services, the Gandharb were given tracts of land for farming. Unfortunately many of the Gandharb are landless agricultural laborers at the present time. The Gandharb still perform at Hindu festivals but is not a source of income.
The main languages of the Gandharb are Bhojpuri and Hindi. Many Christian resources are available in both languages including a complete Bible and JESUS Film.


Where Are they Located?

They live in the Indian states of Bihar and Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Jharkhand and Gujarat. Most live in rural villages.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The primary occupation of the Gandharb today is agriculture and military service. Many of the young men join the Indian Army and send money to their families. The lifestyle or the Gandharb varies depending on their ownership of land. Some Gandharb possess land, which they use for farming. Other non-landowning, uneducated Gandharb live at the poverty level. The landowners tend to more educated and middle class. The landless Gandharb live at the subsistence level.

Each Gandharb marries outside of their seven clans or gotras but within the larger group. Families arrange marriages. The newly married couple lives near or with the groom’s parents. Sons inherit property with the eldest son becoming head of the family upon his father’s death. A caste council promotes the group’s interests and settles legal disputes.
The Gandharb grow wheat, lentils, millet, cotton, corn and vegetables. They also keep animals such as chickens, goats and water buffaloes for their family’s use.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Gandharb people practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. They visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods like Christians or Jews. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs.

The main yearly holidays of the Gandharb people are Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring / Diwali, the festival of lights / Navratri, the celebration of autumn / and Rama Navami, Rama’s birthday.


What Are Their Needs?

The landless portion of the Gandharb population need help in learning new job skills and in educating their children. These Gandharb also often lack access to clean water and modern medicine. Most of all, the Gandharb need to hear and understand the message of Jesus Christ. He alone can make them right with the one true God and forgive their sins.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Gandharb (Hindu traditions) in India.

* Pray for gospel workers to catch a vision for reaching the Gandharb people for Jesus and that in God’s sovereign timing their hearts would be open and ready to follow Him.
* Pray for Jesus movements to bless extended Gandharb families so the gospel will spread rapidly among this people group.
* Pray for the spiritual lives of the Gandharb people to become fruitful as they follow Christ.
* Pray for the lives and culture of the Gandharb people to evidence the rule and reign of the Kingdom of God as they open to the gospel, and for the beauty of Jesus to be seen in them.


References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gandharv
https://www.jatland.com/home/Gandharva
http://www.indiachildnames.com/name.aspx?name=Gandharva


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Gandharb (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Gandharb (Hindu traditions)
World Population 15,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Gandharb; Gandharp; Gandharv; Gandhrap; Gandhrav; Gandhraw; गंधर्ब (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 16811
ROP3 Code 112075
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 5
Largest States
Bihar
5,500
Uttar Pradesh
3,700
West Bengal
3,500
Jharkhand
1,000
Gujarat
800
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 5
  Bihar 5,500
  Uttar Pradesh 3,700
  West Bengal 3,500
  Jharkhand 1,000
  Gujarat 800
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Bhojpuri (4,400 speakers)
Language Code bho   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 6
Secondary Languages
Hindi
4,000
Bengali
3,000
Angika
1,600
Gujarati
800
Maithili
700
Primary Language Bhojpuri (4,400 speakers)
Language Code bho   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 6
Secondary Languages
  Hindi 4,000
  Bengali 3,000
  Angika 1,600
  Gujarati 800
  Maithili 700
People Groups Speaking Bhojpuri

Primary Language:  Bhojpuri

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1911-1982)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1998-2006)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Virtual Storehouse
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Bhojpuri
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Bhojpuri
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Gospel website in this language
General Gospel website in this language
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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