Mon in Pakistan

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Introduction / History

The Mon are flute players who live in the mountains of Ladakh. They have lower status than the more numerous Ladakhi people, and there are no social divisions in Mon society. The homeland for this small Tibetan Buddhist group straddles India and Pakistan.

What Are Their Lives Like?

When Mon children become adults, their fathers begin the process of making marriage arrangements. A boy’s father and other close relatives approach the parents of a potential wife. They negotiate the marriage, though sometimes they agree to exchange sisters, resulting in multiple marriages. The bride price is determined by the health and the appearance of the young woman. The bride price is one of the reasons the Mon people take special care of their daughters; she is a financial asset to the family. The Mon people no longer practice polyandry, where one woman has multiple husbands.

The diet of the Mon people is similar to other Tibetan Buddhist communities. Their staple foods include barley, which grows well at high elevations. They also eat wheat and beef. Typically, Tibetan Buddhists believe that each animal has a soul, so it’s best to share one water buffalo than to each several chickens.

Because of their low status the Mon have little political power. They are given food for playing musical instruments at special events like weddings, but most work as day laborers or run small businesses. Few if any have obtained high paying jobs as engineers, doctors or teachers. Members of other communities do not want their children taught by a member of the Mon community.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Mon are Tibetan Buddhist, which means they also practice the shamanistic Bon religion. They have other practices which don’t fall into any neat category. For example, if a woman is barren, they make human figures out of wheat flour and barley and contact a religious specialist. This person can be a Tibetan Buddhist lama, a chema or a kushak.

Because of their low status, the Mon cannot become a lama, a Buddhist leader. They do, however, play instruments at Buddhist religious events.

What Are Their Needs?

The Mon people need to accept the warm embrace of the only savior so they can enjoy spiritually meaningful lives.

Prayer Points

Pray for the Holy Spirit to work mightily in their communities, blessing them in every way.

Pray for the Holy Spirit to give the Mon people a love for God's Word and a desire to spread its influence.

Pray for signs and wonders among them and for great breakthroughs with a rapid multiplication of disciples and house churches.

Pray for bold workers who are driven by the love of the Holy Spirit to go to them.

Pray for an unstoppable movement to Christ among them.

Scripture Prayers for the Mon in Pakistan.


People of India, Vol 25. K.S. Singh. 2003

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Mon
People Name in Country Mon
Pronunciation mun
Alternate Names Mun; Peguan; Ramman; Tai Man; Talaing; मों ऑफ कश्मीर
Population this Country 1,300
Population all Countries 2,700
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 13783
ROP3 Code 115286
ROP25 Code 305571
ROP25 Name Mon (Tribal)
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 7  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 7  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 1
  Gilgit-Baltistan 1,300
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent *
100.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
* From latest Pakistan census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Balti (700 speakers)
Language Code bft   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Primary Language Balti (700 speakers)
Language Code bft   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Purig 600
People Groups Speaking Balti

Primary Language:  Balti

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1903-1981)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Balti Jesus Film Project
Film / Video The Hope Video Mars Hill Media
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Gospel website in this language General / Other
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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