Irish in Ireland

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Irish people have contributed significantly to European and world history, especially through preserving literacy and maintaining a Christian witness in Western Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire, and in the development of North America and Australia in the last two centuries.
Ireland increasingly came under English rule from the Middle Ages onwards. The whole island was politically united with Britain in 1801. During a series of conflicts in the early 1920s, Ireland was partitioned (between north and south) and the territory which now forms the Republic of Ireland gained self-government. Northern Ireland, which continues to form part of the United Kingdom, experienced an intense and prolonged 30-year conflict – known as the Troubles in the late 20th Century, followed by a successful peace process and the formation of a cross-community government.

What Are Their Lives Like?

English is the everyday language for most Irish people. The Irish language (Gaelic) is taught in all primary and secondary schools in the Republic and many schools in Northern Ireland. Family life is important and brothers and sisters are close, often living nearby. Ireland has an advanced economy, driven by inward investment in towns and cities, but a relatively large number of people continue to live in rural areas and are involved in agriculture.
Tourism is a major source of income. Gaelic football, hurling, rugby and soccer are popular sports, and the Irish people are well-known for their hospitality and creativity.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Christianity was established in Ireland by Patrick in the 5th Century AD; the island’s culture has until recently been heavily influenced by Roman Catholicism and, to a lesser extent, Protestantism after the Reformation. The majority of Irish people describe their religious identity as Roman Catholic although due to the rapid rise of secularism, many have only a nominal faith. Irish Protestants attend or are affiliated to a range of churches, from long-established denominations – e.g. Church of Ireland (Anglican), Presbyterian and Methodist – to more recently formed independent fellowships.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Irish in Ireland.

Pray that nominal and secular Catholics and Protestants will give their lives to Jesus Christ.
Pray for continued political and economic stability.


Act of Union (Ireland) Act 1800 – effective from 1 January 1801:
Government of Ireland Act 1920:
Constitution of the Irish Free State 1922:
Conflict Archive on the Internet, Ulster University:
Saint Patrick Centre, Downpatrick, County Down:
Census 2016 (Republic of Ireland) – Irish Travellers, Ethnicity and Religion:
Exemption from Irish, Citizens Information Service (Republic of Ireland):
Irish medium schools, Department of Education (Northern Ireland): (the Irish language is also taught in most Catholic maintained schools which form a large part of Northern Ireland’s education system and in several other settings in schools and community groups)

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Irish
People Name in Country Irish
Population this Country 4,083,000
Population all Countries 8,324,000
Total Countries 13
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 3
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 2  (per
Pioneer Workers Needed
Alternate Names
People ID 12256
ROP3 Code 104068
Country Ireland
Region Europe, Western
Continent Europe
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Country Ireland
Region Europe, Western
Continent Europe
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked

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Primary Language English (4,083,000 speakers)
Language Code eng   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language English (4,083,000 speakers)
Language Code eng   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking English

Primary Language:  English

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1530-1995)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1380-2011)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1382-2018)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, complete Bible
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in English
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings StoryRunners Oral Bible Stories
Film / Video Creation to Christ
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Love Story
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Good Seed Evangelistic Materials
Film / Video I Against My Brother (English)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in English
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Subdivision: Roman Catholic
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.16 %)
95.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
5.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.5 %
1.0 %
1.0 %
Other Christian
2.0 %
0.5 %
Roman Catholic
95.0 %
Photo Source Prettysleepy - Pixabay  Creative Commons 
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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