Borana Oromo in Ethiopia


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Expanded PDF Profile

Introduction / History

The various Oromo people groups are the largest, most widely dispersed groups in Ethiopia. They also reside in Kenya, Somalia and Egypt. Composed of approximately a dozen tribal clusters, these peoples prefer just the term "Oromo" when speaking of themselves. Nearly all of these peoples speak mutually intelligible dialects of a language called "Oromo, Borana-Arsi-Guji". Although they retain similarities in their descent system, they differ considerably in religion, lifestyle and political organization. The Oromo have various clans, including the Borana. Most likely they were pushed westward from the Horn of Africa by the Somali during the tenth century. Together with the Amhara and the Tigrai, they dominated the government and military classes of the Ethiopian Empire. In the 1700s and 1800s, these peoples became a prominent force in Abyssinian (Ethiopian) politics. During the nineteenth century, they converted to Islam.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Borana are a large sub-tribe of the Oromo people, but they differ significantly from other Oromo people in lifestyle and religion. Some experts claim that there are only 873,000 Borana in southern Ethiopia; other experts state that there are at least seven million people who identify themselves as Borana. Most of this group is semi-nomadic pastoralists who live in the desert. Like many other nomadic groups in east Africa, they suffer greatly from drought and famine as well as tribal battles. They value belonging to a group, which they call “tokuma,” and they have a reputation for being sociable, hospitable and easy-going. They get their water from rivers, and they lack medical services.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The majority of the Borana Oromo are Muslim; however, they still practice their traditional religion. These ethnic religionists worship a supreme being named Waqa. Wadaja feasts are organized on various occasions, and they sacrifice livestock in Waqa's honor. Today, these feasts reflect a Muslim influence. Borana Oromo believe that objects such as trees, springs, and rocks have spirits. They also believe that spirits called jinn may take possession of people. Adults fast during Ramadan (the Muslim holy month), but few celebrate other Muslim festivals.


What Are Their Needs?

Oromo villages usually have no electricity. Medical care is poor, and access to medicine is limited. Their water supply comes from rivers and springs. Today, there is a great need for Christian workers among the Oromo. Also, leadership training and discipleship of new believers is critical if growth is to continue, and new churches are to be planted. There is potential for Oromo movements to Christ, but workers must go!


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Oromo, Borana in Ethiopia.

Pray for workers to go to each Oromo people, especially the Borana clan. Pray for Oromo disciples to make other disciples who will make even more disciples!Pray for spiritual hunger among the Borana Oromo people, especially their leaders. Pray for the Lord to show himself powerful and loving by providing abundance to the Borana Oromo people.


Profile Source:   JoshuaProject  
Expanded PDF Profile

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-01-12
People Name General Oromo, Borana
People Name in Country Oromo, Borana
Natural Name Borana Oromo
Population this Country 1,429,000
Population all Countries 1,718,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 29
Alternate Names
People ID 19651
ROP3 Code 101615
Country Ethiopia
Region Africa, East and Southern
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 38  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country South Oromia region; Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ region; Amhara, Afar, and Somali regions.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Ethiopia
Region Africa, East and Southern
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 38  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country South Oromia region; Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ region; Amhara, Afar, and Somali regions..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Map of Oromo, Borana in Ethiopia
Primary Language Oromo, Borana-Arsi-Guji (1,429,000 speakers)
Language Code gax   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Borana
Dialect Code 1440   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Oromo, Borana-Arsi-Guji (1,429,000 speakers)
Language Code gax   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Borana
Dialect Code 1440   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Oromo, Borana-Arsi-Guji

Primary Language:  Oromo, Borana-Arsi-Guji

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1870-1966)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1875-1979)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1967-1994)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (Global Recordings Network)
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (Faith Comes By Hearing)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament- Bora (Faith Comes By Hearing)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Oromo, Borana-Arsi-Guji
Film / Video King of Glory movie
General Gospel resources links (Scripture Earth)
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file from Faith Comes By Hearing
Mobile App Download audio Bible app from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Tools for faith conversations
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.30 %)
4.00 %
Ethnic Religions
90.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
6.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
90.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
10.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source Cosi von Lauppert 
Map Source People Group location: IMB. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source JoshuaProject  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


Avatar

Welcome. I’m a virtual assistant and will try to answer questions about Joshua Project, unreached people groups, the Great Commission and more. How can I help you?

For further help try our FAQ, Definitions or Contact Us pages.