Chuanqing in China

The Chuanqing have only been reported in China
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Identity

The Chuanqing view themselves as a distinct people group. Although they speak a Chinese language and historically belong to the Han race, the government has placed them in a list of Undetermined Minorities in China. In the 1950s their application for full status as a minority group was rejected. The decision was that the Chuanqing were "originally members of the Han nationality," and that their characteristics were "manifestations of the special features of Han in certain regions in an earlier period, not the characteristics of a separate nationality." This upset the Chuanqing, who applied again in the late 1970s. "Encouraged by the political thaw, many groups whose recognition as independent nationalities had been rejected in the fifties repetitioned for recognition; eighty groups totaling over 900,000 persons petitioned in the province of Guizhou alone, including the Chuanqing." Their application was again rejected.


History

The Chuanqing were formerly known by a variety of names including Pu Ren, meaning "garrison people". The Chuanqing (like the Chuanlan) are descended from Chinese soldiers who were sent into Guizhou in the eighth and ninth centuries to quell Miao rebellions. The Chuanqing came from Jiangxi Province and provided forced labor for the army. There were numerous armed clashes between the Chuanqing and Chuanlan. The Chuanqing "clung to their own dialect for generations. The women dressed differently, arranging their hair in three sections. They celebrated separate festivals and followed different marriage customs." Later, many Chuanqing were forced to serve as tenants under the Yi landowners.


Customs

Some of the customs and dress of the Chuanqing are reflected in the various names their neighbors call them. The Yi call them Sher-tu or Sherfeizu, meaning "whiteskinned Han" or "snakeeating Han." Other locals call the Chuanqing Da Jiao Ban (Big Foot) and Da Xiuzi (Big Sleeves)


Religion

The long history of the Chuanqing is supported by the presence of several ancient religious temples in the Anshun area, including the Wen Miao Confucian temple built in 1368, the Buddhist White Pagoda dating from the Ming Dynasty, and Tian Tai Shan Buddhist Temple built in 1616.


Christianity

There are a number of churches in the Anshun area - mostly Catholic - which contain Chuanqing believers. Catholic missionaries were active in the area in the past, resulting in more than 150,000 Catholics spread throughout Guizhou today.


Prayer Points

Scripture Prayers for the Chuanqing in China.


Profile Source:   Operation China, Asia Harvest  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Chuanqing
People Name in Country Chuanqing
Pronunciation Chooan-ching
Alternate Names Chuanchun; Chuangqing; Da Jiao Ban; Da Xiuzi; Da Ziuzi; Fang Teo Ren; Lao Han; Old Han; Pu; Pu Ren; Sher-feizu; Shertu; Sher-tu; Tun; Tunbao
Population this Country 1,003,000
Population all Countries 1,003,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 4
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed
People ID 18431
ROP3 Code 114028
ROP25 Code 301779
ROP25 Name Chuanqing
Country China
Region Asia, Northeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 19  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Most are concentrated in Zhijin and Nayong counties, with others in Dafang, Shuicheng, Guanling, Qingzhen, Puding and Luzhi counties.   Source:  Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004
Country China
Region Asia, Northeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 19  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Most are concentrated in Zhijin and Nayong counties, with others in Dafang, Shuicheng, Guanling, Qingzhen, Puding and Luzhi counties..   Source:  Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Subdivision: Mahayana
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
50.80 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 6.80 %)
7.50 %
Ethnic Religions
31.70 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
10.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Primary Language Chinese, Mandarin (1,003,000 speakers)
Language Code cmn   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Chinese, Mandarin (1,003,000 speakers)
Language Code cmn   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Chinese, Mandarin

Primary Language:  Chinese, Mandarin

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1864-1986)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1857-1981)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1874-2018)
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Photo Source Copyrighted © 2024  Operation China, Asia Harvest  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Profile Source Operation China, Asia Harvest  Copyrighted ©  Used with permission 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



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