Saora in Nepal

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Introduction / History

The Saora have a tribal background and they are given low status in the Hindu social order. They speak Sora and are mostly Hindus. Most are less than average height.

Where Are they Located?

You can find Saora people in Bangladesh, India, or Nepal. Their population is small in Bangladesh and Nepal.

What Are Their Lives Like?

They are farmers who use slash and burn farming techniques. The Saora people will cultivate land to raise rice, millet and pulses, but after a couple of harvests they need to move on to productive land, since their agricultural techniques are unsustainable. They usually return to their original plots after the land has recovered. One of their main challenges is that they usually live high in the hills, so their land is not level enough to cultivate properly. There is a problem with soil erosion. The men hunt wild game to enhance their food source. They exchange produce and wild game at an important weekly market called shandies.

The Saora family is patriarchal, meaning that the descent comes through the father's side of the family. Instead of clans like most other South Asian communities, they Saoras have extended families called Berinda, which include descendants from a common ancestor for four or five generations.

Traditional village councils judge matters such as financial and social ones. They use both herbal and modern medicines. Their literacy level tends to be low so the gospel message will need to be given in oral form and not just in written form.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Saora people are officially Hindu, but this religious system allows for much spiritual flexibility. Their spiritual lives are very much influenced by shamans (usually a woman) who act as intermediaries between the worlds of the living and that of the dead. In India, but not Nepal or Bangladesh, missionaries have made inroads into their spiritual lives.

What Are Their Needs?

The Saora people need help in developing farming techniques that will allow them to farm their land without temporarily making it unproductive.

Prayer Points

Pray for families of believers loving and serving others to grow reproducing Saora churches.
Pray for a chain reaction of Saora families reaching families that results in thousands of new believers who share their faith with others.
Pray for grace and truth expanding into the entire Saora society as all believers learn to love others.
Pray that churches and believers will bless their entire people group in such a way that God's love will change the Saora people like yeast changes dough.

Scripture Prayers for the Saora in Nepal.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Saora
People Name in Country Saora
Alternate Names Dhokra; Dokra; Dravidian; Jora Malhar; Jora Savara; Kapusavara; Khokra; Khuttosavara; Madhuwala; Mahuwala; Malar; Malhar; Malhor; Maliya Savara; Mallay; Maral; Modhuwala; Savar; Savara; Savara Kapusavara; Savara Khotto; Savara Maliya; Savasanokoliva; Savasanoliva; Sawar; Sawara; Sawaria; Shabari; Soaramar; साओरा
Population this Country 1,800
Population all Countries 956,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 2
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed
People ID 18023
ROP3 Code 113518
ROP25 Code 307247
ROP25 Name Saora
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Total States 1
  Kosi 1,800
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
5.09 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
94.91 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
* From latest Nepal census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Sora (1,800 speakers)
Language Code srb   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Sora (1,800 speakers)
Language Code srb   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Sora

Primary Language:  Sora

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1939-1985)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1965-1996)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1992-2004)
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Sora Jesus Film Project
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
Photo Source (Representative photo)
Copyrighted © 2024  Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Keith Carey 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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