The Jhinwar people live in India and Pakistan. At the Partition of 1947 most of the Hindu Jhinwar moved to India and the Muslim Jhinwar went to Pakistan, yet some Hindu Jhinwars remained in Pakistan. There also a sizable Sikh community among the Jhinwar. The traditional occupation of the Jhinwar has been related to water, in fishing, boating and as water carriers. Others work in agriculture as farmers, day laborers or in grinding grain.
Some Jhinwar work in business as traders in fish and mutton. Many urban Jhinwar work in factories and in construction. Some rural Jhinwar make baskets for a living. Many of the Jhinwar are now day laborers in agriculture. Women carry water to villages and work as domestics. Illiteracy is a major issue for the Jhinwar especially among the women and girls. The gospel will need to be presented to the Jhinwar in oral and visual forms. The two main languages of the Jhinwar in Pakistan are Western Punjabi and Urdu. The New Testament and the JESUS Film are available in these languages. As Hindus, they will not eat beef. Most Jhinwar did not eat pork so as to not offend their Muslim neighbors. They marry as adults. One marriage to one spouse is their normal pattern. Divorce and remarriage are not favorably accepted by them. Families arrange marriages within their group. Sons inherit property upon their father’s death.
The small group of Jhinwar in India practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Jhinwar visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods as Christians do. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. The main yearly holidays of the Jhinwar people are Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama’s birthday. Many Hindu Jhinwar in Pakistan also celebrate Muslim holidays. The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories - Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. Dalits and tribal peoples are outside of the caste system. The Jhinwar fall into the Shudra or working caste.
The Hindu Jhinwar of Pakistan would benefit by new job skills and better education for their children. Rural Jhinwar need access to modern medicine and clean water. Most of all the Jhinwar must hear and understand the life-changing message about Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and grant them eternal life.
* Scripture Prayers for the Jhinwar (Hindu traditions) in Pakistan.
Pray that God's Holy Spirit will open new doors in hearts to positive changes among Jhinwar people. Pray for the Jhinwar people to have a Holy Spirit driven hunger for spiritual truth that will lead them to Jesus Christ and the Bible. Pray for the Lord to thrust out new workers who will lovingly stick with these people until they have a church planting movement.
|Profile Source: Joshua Project|
|People Name General||Jhinwar (Hindu traditions)|
|People Name in Country||Jhinwar (Hindu traditions)|
|Population this Country||1,900|
|Population all Countries||584,000|
|Progress Scale||1 ●|
|Frontier People Group||Yes|
|Pioneer Workers Needed||1|
|Alternate Names||Daurha; Dhenwar; Dhimar; Dhiwar; Dorha; Jheewar; Jhinwar; Jhiwar; Jimar; Kahar; Kashyab Rajput; Kashyap Rajput; Mallah; Mashki; Mehre; झींवर (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)|
|National Bible Society||Website|
|Persecution Rank||5 (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)|
|Specialized Website||South Asia Peoples|
|Primary Language||Punjabi, Western (1,900 speakers)|
|Language Code||pnb Ethnologue Listing|
|Language Written||Yes ScriptSource Listing|
Primary Language: Punjabi, Western
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Bible-New Testament||Yes (1819-1952)|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Forum Bible Agencies|
|National Bible Societies|
|World Bible Finder|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching (GRN)|
|Audio Recordings||DAVAR Partners recording, New Testament|
|Audio Recordings||Father's Love Letter|
|Audio Recordings||Online Scripture / Bible|
|Audio Recordings||Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)|
|Film / Video||Indigitube.tv Video / Animation|
|Film / Video||Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Western|
|Film / Video||The Return|
|Film / Video||The Return|
|General||Four Spiritual Laws|
|General||Gospel website in this language|
|General||Got Questions Ministry|
|Text / Printed Matter||Cartoon Gospel tract|
|Text / Printed Matter||Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)|
|Text / Printed Matter||World Missionary Press Booklets|