Jhinwar (Hindu traditions) in Pakistan

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Introduction / History

The Jhinwar people live in India and Pakistan. At the Partition of 1947 most of the Hindu Jhinwar moved to India and the Muslim Jhinwar went to Pakistan, yet some Hindu Jhinwars remained in Pakistan. There also a sizable Sikh community among the Jhinwar. The traditional occupation of the Jhinwar has been related to water, in fishing, boating and as water carriers. Others work in agriculture as farmers, day laborers or in grinding grain.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Some Jhinwar work in business as traders in fish and mutton. Many urban Jhinwar work in factories and in construction. Some rural Jhinwar make baskets for a living. Many of the Jhinwar are now day laborers in agriculture. Women carry water to villages and work as domestics. Illiteracy is a major issue for the Jhinwar especially among the women and girls. The gospel will need to be presented to the Jhinwar in oral and visual forms. The two main languages of the Jhinwar in Pakistan are Western Punjabi and Urdu. The New Testament and the JESUS Film are available in these languages. As Hindus, they will not eat beef. Most Jhinwar did not eat pork so as to not offend their Muslim neighbors. They marry as adults. One marriage to one spouse is their normal pattern. Divorce and remarriage are not favorably accepted by them. Families arrange marriages within their group. Sons inherit property upon their father's death.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The small group of Jhinwar in India practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Jhinwar visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods as Christians do. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. The main yearly holidays of the Jhinwar people are Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday. Many Hindu Jhinwar in Pakistan also celebrate Muslim holidays. The caste system divides Hindus into four main categories. The lowest communities are outside of the caste system. The Jhinwar fall into the working caste.

What Are Their Needs?

The Hindu Jhinwar of Pakistan would benefit by new job skills and better education for their children. Rural Jhinwar need access to modern medicine and clean water. Most of all the Jhinwar must hear and understand the life-changing message about Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and grant them eternal life.

Prayer Points

Pray that God's Holy Spirit will open new doors in hearts to positive changes among Jhinwar people. Pray for the Jhinwar people to have a Holy Spirit driven hunger for spiritual truth that will lead them to Jesus Christ and the Bible. Pray for the Lord to thrust out new workers who will lovingly stick with these people until they have a church planting movement.

Scripture Prayers for the Jhinwar (Hindu traditions) in Pakistan.



Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Jhinwar (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Jhinwar (Hindu traditions)
Pronunciation JIN-var
Alternate Names Daurha; Dhenwar; Dhimar; Dhiwar; Dorha; Jheewar; Jhinwar; Jhiwar; Jimar; Kahar; Kashyab Rajput; Kashyap Rajput; Mallah; Mashki; Mehre; झींवर (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
Population this Country 2,000
Population all Countries 703,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 17010
ROP3 Code 112336
ROP25 Code 303374
ROP25 Name Jhiwar / Jhinwar
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 7  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 7  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 1
  Punjab 2,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
* From latest Pakistan census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Punjabi, Western (2,000 speakers)
Language Code pnb   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Punjabi, Western (2,000 speakers)
Language Code pnb   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Western

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Western

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1885-1922)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1819-2021)
Bible-Complete No
FCBH NT (www.bible.is) Online
YouVersion NT (www.bible.com) Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, New Testament DAVAR Partners International
Audio Recordings Love letter to you from scripture Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Bible General / Other
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation Create International
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Western Jesus Film Project
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions Got Questions Ministry
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Four Spiritual Laws Campus Crusade for Christ
General Gospel website in this language General / Other
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
General YouVersion Bible versions in text and/or audio YouVersion Bibles
General Zume Resources Zume Project
General Zume Training Zume Project
Mobile App Android Bible app: Punjabi, Western YouVersion Bibles
Mobile App iOS Bible app: Punjabi, Western YouVersion Bibles
Text / Printed Matter Cartoon Gospel tract General / Other
Text / Printed Matter Literacy primer for Punjabi, Western Literacy & Evangelism International
Text / Printed Matter Tools for faith conversations Campus Crusade for Christ
Text / Printed Matter Topical Scripture booklets and Bible studies World Missionary Press
Photo Source (Representative photo)
Copyrighted © 2024  Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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