Jatapu in India

The Jatapu have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Jatapu have no deep history or heritage, though they were traditionally pastoral farmers. Many have even forgotten their original language, Jatapu, and they have adopted Telugu as their mother tongue. The Jatapu are among what the Indian government calls the "scheduled tribes. " Most scheduled tribes are underdeveloped economically, so the Indian government has attempted to bring them into the mainstream of political and economic life. These tribes were "scheduled" for special treatment. However, the Jatapu people are doing far better economically than other people groups in this category. The Jatapu are in the hills of central India. They are mainly concentrated in the Srikakulam and Visadhapatnam districts of Andhra Pradesh, although there are some Jatapu communities in the state of Odisha.


What Are Their Lives Like?

As a people, the Jatapu are developing both materially and politically. Some own fertile lands and rich forests, and possess more wealth in cash, jewelry and property than their neighbors. In addition, some hold local government positions. They are now aspiring to higher district and legislative positions. In general, the Jatapu have a friendly, considerate spirit that prevails at all times. They are exceptionally clean, and most Jatapu men are loving fathers. The Jatapu predominantly work as farmers and forest laborers. Rice is their staple crop, but they also grow grains, peas, beans, chilies, and tobacco. In addition, they collect and sell minor forest produce. A few Jatapu sell pottery, baskets, or bangles, but very few work as craftsmen. They generally do not spin, weave, make pottery, or work as carpenters. A typical Jatapu village consists of mud houses lined in rows. The homes are joined to each other with common outer walls and a thatched roof. There are usually four separate rooms in each house to provide privacy. The homes have very few possessions, mainly earthen pots, baskets for grains, and mats for sitting. There is no bedding material; they stay warm in the winter by burning fires. The village street serves as a courtyard and playground. Cattle are either kept in sheds or tied to posts in the middle of the streets to avoid cattle theft. They always keep their streets tidy. Among the Jatapu, lineage is patrilineal (traced through the males) and leadership always rests with the men. However, the women enjoy equal status with men and share in family decisions. Boys begin working in the fields and forests at the age of five. Women rear the children, draw water, cook, clean, and keep the house. They take special care of their hair and use artificial hair pieces that they buy in the markets. Women put their hair in a bun using shining black tassels. They also enjoy wearing necklaces, bangle bracelets, several nose rings, and many earrings. Among the Jatapu, there are three types of marriages: by consent, by elopement, and by bride-service (the groom works for the bride's parents). The Jatapu only marry within their own tribe, but never within the same clan (extended family). They prefer to live as nuclear families (husband, wife, and their children); however, some live as extended families.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Jatapu are virtually all Hindu. The only local god of the Jatapu is Jakeramma, who has one shrine in each village. Surprisingly there are no sayings, folk beliefs or taboos among the Jatapu. They have hardly any myths about jungle gods, spirits or ghosts. There are no idols and sacred places of worship in their homes. They offer buffalo in animal sacrifices, but do not eat its meat.


What Are Their Needs?

Most of these precious people have not yet heard a clear presentation of the gospel. Their focus on the family and fatherly love has already prepared their hearts to understand the Heavenly Father's love for them. They simply need to hear the truth. Compassionate Christians are needed to minister Life and love to the Jatapu.


Prayer Points

Pray the hearts of the Jatapu people would be stirred to hunger after God, to drink of living water. Pray for family-based Christ-ward movements to soon transform Jatapu society, blessing them spiritually and economically. Pray for the Lord to move in the hearts of believers to give up their own rights and sacrifice their lives to see the Jatapu people blessed by the work of Jesus Christ, the only Savior.


Scripture Prayers for the Jatapu in India.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-08-23
People Name General Jatapu
People Name in Country Jatapu
Population this Country 169,000
Population all Countries 169,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 3
Alternate Names Chatriya; Jadapu; Jatapu Dora; Jtapu Dora; Khond; Kui Dora; Kuvinga; Pandara Kula; Samanthula; जातापू
People ID 16997
ROP3 Code 112311
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 7
Largest States
Andhra Pradesh
149,000
Odisha
18,000
Jharkhand
300
Telangana
200
Tamil Nadu
100
Delhi
100
Assam
30
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 7
  Andhra Pradesh 149,000
  Odisha 18,000
  Jharkhand 300
  Telangana 200
  Tamil Nadu 100
  Delhi 100
  Assam 30
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Telugu (93,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 23
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Kuvi
36,000
Odia
12,000
Koya
1,200
Hindi
300
Ho
300
Sora
300
Pengo
100
Gadaba, Mudhili
70
Kui
30
English
30
Urdu Kui, Dawik
Malayalam Naga, Yimchungru: Tikhir Nepali
Primary Language Telugu (93,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 23
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Kuvi 36,000
  Odia 12,000
  Koya 1,200
  Hindi 300
  Ho 300
  Sora 300
  Pengo 100
  Gadaba, Mudhili 70
  Kui 30
  English 30
  Urdu 10
  Kui, Dawik 10
  Malayalam 0
  Naga, Yimchungru: Tikhir 0
  Nepali 0
People Groups Speaking Telugu

Primary Language:  Telugu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1812-1966)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1818-1989)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1854-2022)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Love letter to you from scripture Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories One Story
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Following Jesus video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video God's Story video God's Story
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Telugu Jesus Film Project
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels Bible Media Group/LUMO
Film / Video Magdalena video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children Jesus Film Project
Film / Video The Hope Video Mars Hill Media
Film / Video The Story Create International
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
1.15 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.21 %
Islam
0.11 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
0.52 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more