Chodhara in Pakistan

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Introduction / History

The Chodhara are a subgroup of the Bhil. Although the Bhil were once thought of as a single tribe, it is now clear that they consist of many subgroups, though there are five major ones.
The name "Bhil" was probably derived from the word villu or billu, which in most Dravidian languages is the word for "bow." The bow has long been a characteristic weapon of the Bhil because the tribesmen always carry their bows and arrows with them. To safeguard their independence and rule, the Bhil fought against powerful empires, the Moguls, the Maratha and the British Raj.
The Chodhara of Pakistan speak Sindhi as their first language. Some of their men also speak Urdu, the national language of Pakistan. A complete Bible and the JESUS Film are available in Sindhi.
Most Hindu Chodhara live in India while a much smaller group resides in southeast Pakistan.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Chodhara participate in festivals alongside the Hindus who live nearby. The Chodhara give special reverence to a Hindu Mother goddess named Devi. This goddess supposedly brought them moral, social and health reforms, including vegetarianism. Today most of Chodhara eat meat except for beef.
The Chodhara use their weapons only for hunting or defending themselves against robbers or wild animals. Most of the Chodhara work as small-time farmers. Cotton, vegetables and rice are their principal crops. These are taken to the weekly markets, where they are traded for clothing and tools. They obtain supplementary foods by hunting, fishing and collecting produce from the forest.
Some Chodhara women are also employed, working as domestics for the wealthier landowners. Chodhara craftsmen such as carpenters and weavers are better off economically than those who farm. Customarily, the Chodhar only marry people within their own group. They are permitted to marry outside their direct clans. Most marriages are monogamous, and the line of descent is through the father. If a young couple wishes to marry but cannot afford the bride price, it is common for the girl to be willingly abducted by the young man. They return home after several months and have their union sanctioned.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The great majority of the Chodhari practice Hinduism heavily influenced by ethnic religions. Their folk religion takes the form of animism (belief that non-human objects have spirits) and ancestor worship (praying to deceased ancestors for guidance). They build stone memorials for dead ancestors. They believe in the gods of the hills, the clouds and the wind. They also worship a god known as Mehta, whom they believe inhabits such things as whirlwinds, thunder, lightning, the sky, and earthquakes. Mehta lives in the sea, on riverbanks and in animals. The Chodhari believe that the spirit of a person who died an unnatural or violent death will possess the body of an evil person.

What Are Their Needs?

Chodhara would benefit from solar panels and access to modern medicine. They need good schools for their children. Most of all only Christ can forgive their sins and free them from their fear of evil spirits.

Prayer Points

Ask the Lord to send Holy Spirit anointed workers to the Chodhara of Pakistan.
Pray for Jesus movements to bless extended families so the gospel will spread rapidly among this people group.
Pray for the spiritual lives of the Chodhara people to become fruitful as they follow Christ.
Pray for the lives and culture of the Chodhara people to evidence the rule and reign of God. Ask the Lord to open the hearts of the Chohara to the gospel of Christ.

Scripture Prayers for the Chodhara in Pakistan.

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Chodhara
People Name in Country Chodhara
Alternate Names Chodara; छोढ़रा
Population this Country 2,400
Population all Countries 12,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 16608
ROP3 Code 111814
ROP25 Code 301759
ROP25 Name Chodhara
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 7  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Country Pakistan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 7  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 1
  Sindh 2,400
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
* From latest Pakistan census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Sindhi (1,500 speakers)
Language Code snd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
Primary Language Sindhi (1,500 speakers)
Language Code snd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
  Dhatki 800
  Kacchi 100
People Groups Speaking Sindhi

Primary Language:  Sindhi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1825-1981)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1890-1992)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1954)
FCBH NT ( Online
YouVersion NT ( Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Recorded oral Bible Oral Bibles
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Video / Animation Create International
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Sindhi Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Magdalena video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video The Hope Video Mars Hill Media
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions Got Questions Ministry
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Gospel website in this language General / Other
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
General YouVersion Bible versions in text and/or audio YouVersion Bibles
Mobile App Android Bible app: Sindhi YouVersion Bibles
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file Faith Comes by Hearing
Mobile App iOS Bible app: Sindhi YouVersion Bibles
Text / Printed Matter Literacy primer for Sindhi Literacy & Evangelism International
Text / Printed Matter Topical Scripture booklets and Bible studies World Missionary Press
Photo Source Bethany World Prayer Center 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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