Chandala in India

The Chandala have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Introduction / History

Most of the Chandala live in India's eastern state of Odisha. They speak Oria, Odisha's language.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The majority of them live in rural areas. Traditionally they were farmers or weavers. In recent years, landlessness was a problem for them. Many of their children have to work, which has resulted in a high rate of illiteracy, especially among girls.

The Chandala get married as adults. Though most of them have arranged marriages, sometimes the man and woman will decide to marry without their family's help, and sometimes they elope. They do not have a bride price for their weddings. Sons get an equal share of the family inheritance, with the exception of the oldest son, who gets an extra share.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Chandala people are entirely Hindu, and they live in a part of India where less than three percent are Christian of any tradition.


What Are Their Needs?

The Chandala people need the chance to make Jesus the Lord of their lives. They need the abundant life that only he can offer.


Prayer Points

Pray that there will be a move of the Holy Spirit that will sweep thousands of Chandala people into God's Kingdom.

Pray for loving workers.

Pray for the Holy Spirit to move in the hearts of Chandala leaders and elders.

Pray for an abundant harvest this year for the Chandala people as a testimony of God's power and mercy.


Scripture Prayers for the Chandala in India.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Chandala
People Name in Country Chandala
Alternate Names Chand; Chandal; Chandalagade; चंडाला
Population this Country 8,400
Population all Countries 8,400
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 16567
ROP3 Code 111758
ROP25 Code 301572
ROP25 Name Chandala / Candala
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 8
Largest States
Odisha
6,200
Rajasthan
1,600
Karnataka
100
Goa
100
Tamil Nadu
80
Kerala
60
Telangana
50
Maharashtra
40
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 8
  Odisha 6,200
  Rajasthan 1,600
  Karnataka 100
  Goa 100
  Tamil Nadu 80
  Kerala 60
  Telangana 50
  Maharashtra 40
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Odia (4,700 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
Hindi
800
Kannada
400
Haroti
300
Desiya
300
Chhattisgarhi
200
Dhundari
100
Telugu
80
Marwari (India)
50
Pengo
40
Kui (India)
40
Kuvi
40
Mewari
40
Tamil
20
Malayalam
20
Primary Language Odia (4,700 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
  Hindi 800
  Kannada 400
  Haroti 300
  Desiya 300
  Chhattisgarhi 200
  Dhundari 100
  Telugu 80
  Marwari (India) 50
  Pengo 40
  Kui (India) 40
  Kuvi 40
  Mewari 40
  Tamil 20
  Malayalam 20
People Groups Speaking Odia

Primary Language:  Odia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1811-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1815-2021)
FCBH NT (www.bible.is) Online
YouVersion NT (www.bible.com) Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Online Audio Scripture Talking Bibles
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories One Story
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Following Jesus video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video God's Story video God's Story
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Odia Jesus Film Project
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels Bible Media Group/LUMO
Film / Video Magdalena video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Rivka video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children Jesus Film Project
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions Got Questions Ministry
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Four Spiritual Laws Campus Crusade for Christ
General Gospel website in this language General / Other
General Gospel website in this language General / Other
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links (Oriya) Scripture Earth
General YouVersion Bible versions in text and/or audio YouVersion Bibles
General Zume Training Zume Project
Mobile App Android Bible app: Odia YouVersion Bibles
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



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