Western Baloch in Tajikistan

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Their name, Baloch, is shrouded in controversy. Some say it means nomad, while others claim it is an old Persian word meaning "the cock's crest." Their history is just as mysterious. Some have traced their origins to Nimrod, son of Cush (Noah's grandson). But while some things are uncertain, we know that they first moved to the region in the twelfth century. During the Moghul period, this territory became known as Balochistan. The various Baloch groups speak different languages, each with distinguishing characteristics. For example, there are those who speak Western Baloch. Their original homeland reaches from eastern Balochistan to southwestern Punjab, which borders India. This high, dry region was once a very populated country, watered by many flowing rivers. Today, it is a barren area of rocky mountains and dry river valleys mixed with desert land.

It is difficult to make a living in the Baloch homeland, so there is a large Western Baloch diaspora. This diaspora reaches India, Sri Lanka, the UAE, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, and even Turkmenistan and Tajikistan.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Western Baloch marriages are arranged between the bride's father and the prospective groom. His family pays a bride price of livestock and cash. Once a woman is married, she passes from the authority of her father to that of her husband. Marriages are monogamous and lifelong, and marrying a non-Baloch is strictly forbidden, though they sometimes make exceptions for the Pathans.

Baluchmayar, or the "Baluchiway," is the honor code by which the Baloch live. These principles include extending hospitality and mercy, dealing with each other honestly, and offering refuge to strangers. Songs and poetry preserve these virtues. Children learn proper behavior by watching their elders and are taunted whenever they misbehave.

Many Western Baloch could not read or write and until the 20th century partly because their language was unwritten. However, they have a long tradition of oral poetic compositions. The Western Baloch people give high status to poets and professional minstrels.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Western Baloch are Sunni Muslims who in theory are part of several schools. They identify with Sunni Islam, but for specifics, only the religious intellectuals actually adhere to the schools of Sunni Islam. A typical Baloch is likely to be involved with pre-Islamic practices that involve jinns, the evil eye, etc. They believe it is necessary to appease the spirit world for their practical needs since Allah is so distant.

What Are Their Needs?

The Western Baloch need to understand that Jesus Christ is only one way to abundant life and eternal salvation.

Prayer Points

Pray for a movement of Jesus to heal and strengthen Western Baloch communities in Tajikistan.
Pray for a "Book of Acts" type of movement to Christ among the Western Baloch in Tajikistan.
Pray for the Baloch people to understand and embrace that Jesus wants to bless their families and neighborhoods.
Pray for Holy Spirit anointed believers from the Western Baloch people to change their society from within.
Pray for a movement in which the Holy Spirit leads and empowers disciples to make more disciples.

Scripture Prayers for the Baloch, Western in Tajikistan.



Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Baloch, Western
People Name in Country Baloch, Western
Natural Name Western Baloch
Pronunciation bah-LOACH
Alternate Names Baloch; Baluch; Sarawani; Western Baluch
Population this Country 7,000
Population all Countries 1,384,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 15356
ROP3 Code 110770
ROP25 Code 300774
ROP25 Name Baloch
Country Tajikistan
Region Asia, Central
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 46  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Scattered   Source: 
Country Tajikistan
Region Asia, Central
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 46  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Scattered.   Source: 

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Primary Language Balochi, Western (7,000 speakers)
Language Code bgn   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Balochi, Western (7,000 speakers)
Language Code bgn   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Balochi, Western

Primary Language:  Balochi, Western

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1984-2020)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation Create International
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Balochi, Western Jesus Film Project
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
Text / Printed Matter IBT, Russia - resources Institute for Bible Translation - Russia
Photo Source Mostafa Meraji - Pixabay 
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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