Western Baloch in Iran


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Western Balochs are part of a much larger population of Baloch numbering several million. Their homeland straddles the borders of Iran and Pakistan, with a majority living in Pakistan. About half of those in Iran live in cities, while the others are semi-nomadic shepherds.
The various Baloch groups speak different languages, each with distinguishing characteristics. These languages have been divided into three groups: Eastern, Western, and Southern Balochi.
Their name, " Baloch," is shrouded in controversy. Some say it means "nomad," while others claim that it is an old Persian word meaning "the cock's crest." Their history is just as mysterious. Some have traced their origins to Nimrod, son of Cush (Noah's grandson). But while some things are uncertain, we do know that they first moved to the region in the twelfth century. During the Moghul period, this territory became known as "Balochistan."


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Baloch have been isolated for many years due to Iran's harsh climate, the difficulty of communicating, and their former reputation as bandits. The governments of Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan have built roads and developing agriculture programs. However, the Baloch have remained largely unaffected by these developmental changes.
The Baloch are basically self-sufficient, relying on their own skills to build homes and develop the tools necessary for daily life. Their economy is based on a combination of farming and semi-nomadic shepherding. They usually raise sheep, cattle, or goats. Agriculture is limited because of the harsh climate; nevertheless, it plays a large role in the economy. The chief crop is wheat. To aid in the household economy, some farmers raise chickens. They also depend on wild fruits and vegetables. One wild plant, called the dwarf palm, is used as a dietary supplement. They eat the meat of the palm and use the leaves to make ropes, shoes, mats, and tents. Though their survival techniques may vary, each community tries to keep a wide variety of animals and grow many different crops. If the local economy does not provide adequate job opportunities, the young men often move to the cities in search of work.
Baloch societies are patriarchal, or male dominated. They are organized into kin-based clans and territorially defined tribes. Male elders are the heads of these tribal units. Within the family, the entire household is responsible for tending the family's herd. Women work in groups, threshing and separating the harvest, while plowing and planting are done by the men. Traditionally, land is not privately owned but belongs to the whole tribe.
Baloch marriages are arranged between the bride's father and the prospective groom. A bride price of livestock and cash is paid. Once a woman is married, she passes from the authority of her father to that of her husband. Marriages are monogamous and lifelong, and marrying a non- Baloch is strictly forbidden.
Balochmayar is the honor code by which the Balochs live. These principles include extending hospitality and mercy, dealing with each other honestly and offering refuge to strangers. They are preserved through both songs and poetry. Children learn proper behavior by watching their elders and are taunted whenever they misbehave.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Prior to the coming of Islam, the Baloch were probably Zoroastrians. Today, they are Sunni Muslims. All forms of secular authority are separated from the spiritual authority held by religious leaders.


What Are Their Needs?

Very little missions work is taking place among the Western Baloch of Iran. Since their literacy rate is very poor, Christian workers might find open doors into Iran as teachers.


Prayer Points

Ask the Lord to call those who are willing to go to Iran and share Christ with the Baloch.
Pray that God will give missions agencies favor and strategies for reaching these Muslims.
Ask God to open doors for Christian businessmen, teachers, and other tentmakers to share the gospel with them.
Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Western Baloch towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the gospel.
Pray that God will open the hearts of Iranian governmental leaders to the gospel.
Ask the Lord to raise up a strong local church among the Western Baloch.


Scripture Prayers for the Baloch, Western in Iran.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Baloch, Western
People Name in Country Baloch, Western
Natural Name Western Baloch
Pronunciation bah-LOACH
Alternate Names Baloch; Baluch; Sarawani; Western Baluch
Population this Country 802,000
Population all Countries 1,384,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 16
People ID 15356
ROP3 Code 110770
ROP25 Code 300774
ROP25 Name Baloch
Country Iran
Region Asia, Central
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 9  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Mainly north Sistan va Baluchestan Province; Kerman Province, Rigan and Fahraj counties; northeast Khorasan-e Janubi Province; half in cities and villages, half nomadic.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Iran
Region Asia, Central
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 9  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Mainly north Sistan va Baluchestan Province; Kerman Province, Rigan and Fahraj counties; northeast Khorasan-e Janubi Province; half in cities and villages, half nomadic..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Map of Baloch, Western in Iran Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Primary Language Balochi, Western
Language Code bgn   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Rakhshani
Dialect Code 7624   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Balochi, Western
Language Code bgn   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Rakhshani
Dialect Code 7624   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Balochi, Western

Primary Language:  Balochi, Western

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1984-2020)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation Create International
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Balochi, Western Jesus Film Project
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
Text / Printed Matter IBT, Russia - resources Institute for Bible Translation - Russia
Photo Source Mostafa Meraji - Pixabay 
Map Source People Group location: IMB. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



Joshua Project logo    Joshua Project    Copyright © 2024