Yakthumba, Limbu in Nepal


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest Nepal census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The origin of the Lumbu is uncertain, but they are clearly of Mongolian descent. In the latter part of the 1700s, Nepal was formed by uniting various ethnic groups and principalities under a high caste Hindu dynasty. This conquest resulted in ethnic and cultural splits with the Lumbu.


The Limbu are one of the largest tribal groups in Nepal. They are a sub-group of the Kirant people. The Lumbu are known as des limbu (ten Lumbu), even though there are actually thirteen Lumbu sub-groups including the Yakthumba. Legend says that five of the groups came from Banaras, India (now called Varanasi) and the other eight from Lhasa, Tibet. There is no social discrimination among the Lumbu sub-groups, although there are a number of different clans and sects.


The Yakthumba Lumbu live mainly in eastern Nepal between the Arun River and the border of the Sikkim district in India. A small number are in Bhutan. They speak a dialect of Kirant, which is a Tibeto- Burman language.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Agriculture is the major source of income for the Yakthumba Lumbu. Rice and maize are their principal crops. There is an abundance of arable land, but they don’t have the farming technology to take advantage of it. They often trade their agricultural surplus for food that they cannot grow in their region or for necessary items.


The men generally plow the fields, and the women plant the seeds. However, at harvest time, both men and women work together to bring in the crops. Extended families often unite to help each other during harvest time.


Economic hardship among the Yakthumba Lumbu has made it worthwhile for many of the men to join the army, both in Nepal and in India. This brings them a degree of respect, especially those who have earned a high rank.


The Lumbu peoples marry within their ethnic community, but they do not marry members of their clans or their cousins. Parents arrange for the marriages. The young man’s family asks for her to marry him, and they have an elaborate ceremony. She can ask for anything. This is her way of seeing if his family can provide enough to keep her happy.


Women are influential within the Limbu families, especially if the husbands are in the military and stay away for long periods of time. A woman gains recognition after she bears her first child.


Yakthumba Lumbu society is patrilineal, so they trace the line of descent through the males. Related families make up clans. When a clan member dies, the entire group is polluted. They then must all go through a period of re-purification.


Drinking, dancing, and music are very important to the Limbu. Weddings, mourning, gift exchanges, and settlements of conflicts all involve much consumption of liquor. They hold dances if visitors come to the village. These affairs give the young people a chance to meet and enjoy dancing and drinking. They have several kinds of music, one of which is called Domke Akma Palam. People who understand Lumbu musical forms might introduce worship music using this style. Yakthumba Lumbu people enjoy archery. Sometimes these contests have religious meaning, but often they are simply contests where the loser buys drinks for the winner.


Many of the men are in military service and leave their families for long periods. Consequently, women have much responsibility and influence within their families,
What Are Their Beliefs?

The Yakthumba Lumbu are predominantly Buddhists but participate in many popular Hindu festivals. They also have a number of worship practices that involve blood sacrifices. They believe that when a woman marries, she inherits her mother's gods. The woman and her husband then recognize the deities as their household gods.


They also believe in Tagera Ningwaphuma, the creator of life. Yuma is an important goddess to the Limbu people.


What Are Their Needs?

There are very few opportunities for these people to hear that Jesus Christ paid for their sins. Believers with the right skills and resources can help them get a higher yield in their crops.


Prayer Points

Ask the Lord to thrust out Holy Spirit anointed people to share Christ with the Yakthumba Lumbu.


Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Yakthumba Lumbu towards Jesus and his gospel so that they will be receptive.


Ask the Lord to raise up a church planting movement among the Yakthumba Lumbu people.


Pray that the doors of Nepal will open to missionaries.


Scripture Prayers for the Yakthumba, Limbu in Nepal.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Yakthumba, Limbu
People Name in Country Yakthumba, Limbu
Pronunciation yahk-THOOM-bah lim-BOO
Population this Country 444,000
Population all Countries 597,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 9
Alternate Names Black Mountain; Chaang; Chang; Monpa; Ole Monpa; Olekha; Tsono; लिम्बू
People ID 13065
ROP3 Code 105776
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 48  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Limbuwan area, Eastern hills. Koshi Zone and Mechi Zone.   Source:  www.ethnologue.com
Total States on file 14
Largest States
Mechi
264,000
Kosi
149,000
Bagmati
19,000
Sagarmatha
1,600
Narayani
1,500
Gandaki
1,000
Janakpur
600
Seti
600
Lumbini
600
Bheri
300
Mahakali
300
Dhaulagiri
100
Rapti
100
Karnali
60
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 48  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Limbuwan area, Eastern hills. Koshi Zone and Mechi Zone..   Source:  www.ethnologue.com
Total States 14
  Mechi 264,000
  Kosi 149,000
  Bagmati 19,000
  Sagarmatha 1,600
  Narayani 1,500
  Gandaki 1,000
  Janakpur 600
  Seti 600
  Lumbini 600
  Bheri 300
  Mahakali 300
  Dhaulagiri 100
  Rapti 100
  Karnali 60
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Limbu (345,000 speakers)
Language Code lif   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 11
Secondary Languages
Nepali
38,000
Bantawa
2,000
Chamling
800
Chhintang
500
Dotyali
100
Tseku
80
Walungge
60
Phangduwali
50
Rawat
40
Saam
20
Primary Language Limbu (345,000 speakers)
Language Code lif   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 11
Secondary Languages
  Nepali 38,000
  Bantawa 2,000
  Chamling 800
  Chhintang 500
  Dotyali 100
  Tseku 80
  Walungge 60
  Phangduwali 50
  Rawat 40
  Saam 20
People Groups Speaking Limbu

Primary Language:  Limbu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1996-2003)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2009)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation Create International
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Limbu Jesus Film Project
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels Bible Media Group/LUMO
General Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
General Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
Mobile App Download audio Bible app from Google Play Store Faith Comes by Hearing
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Limbu YouVersion Bibles
Text / Printed Matter Download scripture in this language eBible.org
Text / Printed Matter The Ancient Path Live Global
Text / Printed Matter Virtual Storehouse, New Testament General / Other
Primary Religion: Other / Small
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
4.05 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
2.69 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
12.56 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
80.44 %
Unknown
0.25 %
* From latest Nepal census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2022  Denis Belitsky - Shutterstock  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more