Borgu Fulfulde in Benin


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Expanded PDF Profile

Introduction / History

The Fulfulde (or Fula or Fulani) are a large group that immigrated from North Africa or the Middle East to West and Central Africa centuries ago. They are nomadic herdsmen (Bororo) who travel with their herds in search of better grazing land. They are lighter skinned and have straighter hair and noses, and thinner lips than other African groups.

Over the years, some of the Fulfulde have changed from being exclusively herdsmen, to part-time herdsmen, part-time farmers. Some have become educated and influential leaders in their communities. Today, they are grouped and named according to their dialect, location, and occupation. The Fulfulde of Benin occupy the northern and central regions of the country. They speak Fulfulde, a Niger-Congo language. The Borgu Fulfulde are one of the groups. They live in Benin and Togo.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Borgu Fulfulde of Benin are primarily shepherds, and their lives revolve around their herds. In the rainy season, cattle and goats graze on the lush fertile land near the village. During the dry season, the cattle and goats are taken to other areas where they dig large wells in order to water them. These areas are sometimes crop land for nearby farmers. Although some crops may be eaten or trampled by the herds, no ill-feelings linger, since the manure left behind provides fertilizer for the next season's crops.

For the nomadic Fula, cattle are their most important possessions since they symbolize wealth and status. The more cattle a man owns, the more respect he is given; and a bride may be chosen according to the amount of cattle she owns.

The Borgu Fulfulde consume milk daily as their main food. Milk is very important to their diet since they eat little meat and few vegetables. Butter and goat cheese are often traded at the markets for grain and other items. Each day they eat millet in a porridge for the evening meal.

During the dry season, the Fula live in portable shelters made of flexible twigs covered with leaves and grass mats. Temporary corrals for the herds surround each hut. Boys over 15 years old do their work under the direction and supervision of their fathers. They dig wells and water the herds, while their younger brothers help by running errands for them.

During the rainy season, the wuro (village) is the center of Fulani society. Women care for the children; prepare butter, cheese, and daily meals; tend to the household gardens; and gather wild rice and berries. The men tend to the herds and make their own clothes. Making clothes is a way a man can express himself and show his individuality and personality.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Borgu Fulfulde of Benin, like many other Fulani groups, believe that it is a sign of weakness to be controlled by fear; thus, they seldom show fear in public. Fula boys are initiated into manhood in a somewhat unusual manner. Friends who are being initiated beat each other over the chest with their walking sticks. No sign of pain is to be shown, and there should be a willingness to receive more affliction. Some have died in this procedure, but the many that do live proudly show their scars as marks of honor.

The Borgu Fulfulde fear being alone or disliked. They often talk with friends to overcome the feeling of solitude. However, this need for company is concealed in public, as the Fulani tend to hide their feelings. Only through songs do they express such things as love or the need for others.


What Are Their Needs?

The Borgu Fulfulde of Benin are overwhelmingly Muslim. Efforts to evangelize these people have produced only a very small number of Christian believers. Much prayer and intercession are needed to bring these nomads to a saving knowledge of Jesus Christ.


Prayer Points

Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to mission agencies focusing on the Fulani peoples.

Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.

Ask the Lord to soften the hearts of the Borgu Fulfulde so that they will be receptive to the gospel.

Pray for strong local churches to be planted among every Fulani subgroup.


Scripture Prayers for the Fulfulde, Borgu in Benin.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  
Expanded PDF Profile

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-02-16
Link Up Africa
People Name General Fulfulde, Borgu
People Name in Country Fulfulde, Borgu
Natural Name Borgu Fulfulde
Pronunciation BORE-goo FOOL-FOOL-day
Population this Country 697,000
Population all Countries 820,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 14
Alternate Names Benin-Togo Fulani; Fula; Fulani; Fulfulde Benin-Togo; Peulh
People ID 11775
ROP3 Code 103080
Country Benin
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Borgou department: Nikki commune; Alibori department: Segbama commune; scattered communities in Atakora, Donga, Zou, and Collines departments; Bakuure dialect: Borgou, north of N’Dali; Korakuure dialect: Central and south Borgou, Parakou area; Djougoure dialect: Donga-Atacora region from Djougou north to Burkina border; Tchabankeere dialect: Zou department.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Benin
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Borgou department: Nikki commune; Alibori department: Segbama commune; scattered communities in Atakora, Donga, Zou, and Collines departments; Bakuure dialect: Borgou, north of N’Dali; Korakuure dialect: Central and south Borgou, Parakou area; Djougoure dialect: Donga-Atacora region from Djougou north to Burkina border; Tchabankeere dialect: Zou department..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Religion: Islam
Religion Subdivision: Sunni
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.80 %)
1.40 %
Ethnic Religions
1.60 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
97.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Primary Language Fulfulde, Borgu
Language Code fue   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
French
Primary Language Fulfulde, Borgu
Language Code fue   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  French
People Groups Speaking Fulfulde, Borgu

Primary Language:  Fulfulde, Borgu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2010-2017)
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, New Testament DAVAR Partners International
Audio Recordings Oral Bible Stories Story Runners
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Fulfulde, Borgu Jesus Film Project
General Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Fulfulde, Borgu YouVersion Bibles
Text / Printed Matter Download scripture in this language eBible.org
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book General / Other
Text / Printed Matter Literacy primer for Fulfulde, Borgu Literacy & Evangelism International
Photo Source Jason Harral 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more