At the eastern end of the Black Sea, a pleasant stretch of land rises from the shores of the Black Sea to the southwestern slopes of the mighty Caucasus Mountain range. For millennia this is the ancient homeland of the Abkhaz people. One writer states, "From the earliest of times, the warmth and mildness of the climate and the fertility of the land have defined the Abkhaz way of life." Abkhaz village and small-town life is strong in the raising of cattle, farming, beekeeping and vineyards.
The disputed province of Abkhazia holds a total population of 240,000—with almost exactly half of that total being composed of native Abkhaz, speaking their own distinct Abkhaz language. The Abkhazians then for the most part utilize Russian as a 2nd language. Abkhazia, in the 20th Century, was considered a province of Georgia, but the 1992-93 War in Abkhazia left the province in an uneasy semi-autonomous state, estranged from Georgia but not independent. A second conflict in 2008 further distanced the region from Georgia and left the region in a quasi-union with Russia, and with an uncertain international status. To complicate things further, the Germans have had a hand in the affairs of the Abkhaz people dating back to the 1870s. Some of them have migrated to Germany to find better employment.
Though they are adapting to German ways and learning the German language, the Abkhaz people retain aspects of their culture. They highly value hospitality. A guest is given the same respect as a father or grandfather and is seated at a place of honor at the table. The arrival of a guest is accompanied by a ritual feast. Over wine, hosts and guests go through rounds of toasts, honoring each other and getting to know each other better. Providing hospitality in this way is a source of family pride.
Most Abkhazian women marry in their early twenties, but men often wait until their thirties or even forties. Marriage is forbidden with all possible relatives; individuals are not allowed to wed anyone with the same surname as any of their grandparents.
In the 6th Century, most of Abkhazia became nominally Christian; then in the 16th Century due to the Ottoman Turk takeover and pressure from the Muslim Adyghe to the north, the region became largely Muslim. This changed again in the 1860s, when Russian conquest forced massive numbers of western-Caucasus Muslims south into the Ottoman Empire. Present-day Abkhaz are considered 60-80% Orthodox Christian and 20-40% Sunni Muslim—both in Abkhazia and in southern Russia. But many Abkhaz will observe that these Christian or Muslim formal influences are "less enduring than older animistic cultural ways of reverence for trees and nature, and ancestor worship." One present-day Abkhaz historian said, "We're 80% Christian, 20% Muslim, and 100% pagan."
A fresh reading of the New Testament, coupled with a fresh breeze of the Holy Spirit (Acts 3:19), is deeply needed for the Abkhaz people.
Pray for a re-emergence of the simple transforming gospel (Romans 1:16) among the Abkhaz people.
Pray for open-hearted Abkhazians to be graced with the power of the Holy Spirit (John 7:37-39), and through them for the Fruit of the Spirit (Gal.5:22-23) to begin to flourish in a society wracked by conflict and clan power struggles.
Pray that many Abkhazians will be inspired by the example of Acts 8, where robust pagan worship was superseded by the power of Jesus' gospel, accompanied "by signs and wonders following" (Heb.2:3-4).
Pray success for the Abkhaz Bible translation team, which is preparing the 4 Gospels for publication, with Acts & Epistles to follow.
Scripture Prayers for the Abkhaz in Germany.
|Profile Source: Joshua Project
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|Abkhazian; Abxazo; Abzhui; Apswa; Bzyb; Ubyx
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