Introduction / History
The Vellalar or Vellalan people of south India have a long and proud history. They served as the landed aristocracy, military officers and court officials in three great Tamil dynasties. They were patrons of Tamil literature and the arts. The Vellalars made up the majority of government leaders and administrators in south India during the British Raj period. Lower castes began calling themselves Vellalars and acting like them in order to gain their high status.
Where Are they Located?
The main language of the Vellalan is Tamil. They also speak other south Indian regional languages. A complete Bible and many Christian resources are available in Tamil.
The Vipravindolu Vellalan people live either in Tamil Nadu or Andhra Pradesh, two states in southeastern India.
What Are Their Lives Like?
Today the Vipravindolu Vellalans continue to be landowners, military officers, businesspersons, Tamil scholars, and Hindu temple patrons. They live at the highest levels of south Indian society. They take pride in their ancient Tamil heritage and are leading scholars in Tamil historical studies. The Vipravindolu Vellalan encourage their children to attend universities and gain graduate degrees.
What Are Their Beliefs?
The Vipravindolu Vellalars are endogamous, that is they marry within their families and clans. Vellalars often marry their cousins. Sons inherit property from their parents. Most prefer to use their own priests rather than Brahmins in important life ceremonies.
As far as we know all Vipravindolu Vellalans are Hindus. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. The Vipravindolu Vellalan people worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Many Vellalan people follow a branch of Hinduism called Saiva Siddhantam. In this Hindu order adherents desire to be enlightened by Lord Shiva or Siva, one of the three main gods of Hinduism. Some Vellalans join monasteries and propagate the teachings of Shiva. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Vipravindolu Vellalan visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods.
What Are Their Needs?
The main yearly holidays of the Vellalan people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn, and Rama Navami, Rama’s birthday.
The Vipravindolu Vellalans need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see themselves as sinners in need of the Savior. They need to see Christianity lived out in a real way before them.
* Scripture Prayers for the Vellalan Vipravindolu in India.
* Pray for God’s kingdom to come and His will to be done among the Vipravindolu Vellalan people.
* Pray for a movement of Vipravindolu Vellalan households to study the Bible and accept the blessings of Christ.
* Pray for a spiritual hunger that will drive the Vipravindolu Vellalan peoples to Jesus.
* Pray for South Indian workers who are filled with the fruit and the power of the Holy Spirit to tell the Vipravindolu Vellalan people about Jesus.