Kongu Vellalan in India

The Vellalan Kongu have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Subgroups: 2

Subgroup Name Population
Malayalam 300
Tamil Unknown

Introduction / History

The Vellalar or Vellalan people of south India have a long and proud history. They served as the landed aristocracy, military officers and court officials in three great Tamil dynasties. They were patrons of Tamil literature and the arts. The Vellalars made up the majority of government leaders and administrators in south India during the British Raj period. Lower castes began calling themselves Vellalars and acting like them in order to gain their high status.

The main language of the Vellalan is Tamil. They also speak other south Indian regional languages. A complete Bible and many Christian resources are available in Tamil.


Where Are they Located?

All Vellalans originally came from the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The Kongu subgroup remains there.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Today the Kongu Vellalans continue to be landowners, military officers, businesspersons, Tamil scholars, and Hindu temple patrons. They live at the highest levels of south Indian society. They take pride in their ancient Tamil heritage and are leading scholars in Tamil historical studies. The Vellalar encourage their children to attend universities and gain graduate degrees.

This particular subgroup has their own form of wedding ceremonies where they have a long wedding song. The sister of the groom and the brother of the bride play a big part in the wedding ceremony. Kongu Vellalans are endogamous, that is they marry within their own clans. Vellalars often marry their cousins. Sons inherit property from their parents. Most prefer to use their own priests rather than Brahmins in important life ceremonies.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The vast majority of Kongu Vellalars are Hindus. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. The Kongu Vellalar people worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Many Vellalar people follow a branch of Hinduism called Saiva Siddhantam. In this Hindu order adherents desire to be enlightened by Lord Shiva or Siva, one of the three main gods of Hinduism. Some Vellalars join monasteries and propagate the teachings of Shiva. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Kongu Vellalar visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods.

The main yearly holidays of the Vellalar people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn, and Rama Navami, Rama’s birthday.


What Are Their Needs?

The Kongu Vellalars need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see themselves as sinners in need of the Savior. They need to see Christianity lived out in a real way before them. They need to realize that only the Lord Jesus Christ can meet their needs.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Vellalan Kongu in India.

* Pray for God’s kingdom to come and His will to be done among the Kongu Vellalar people.
* Pray for a movement of Kongu Vellalar households to study the Bible and accept the blessings of Christ.
* Pray for a spiritual hunger that will drive the Vellalar peoples to Jesus.
* Pray for South Indian workers who are filled with the fruit and the power of the Holy Spirit to tell the Kongu Vellalar people about Jesus.


References

https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/18317/IN
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vellalar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Vellalar_sub_castes
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kongu_Vellalar
https://www.konguvellalarmatrimony.com


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Vellalan Kongu
People Name in Country Vellalan Kongu
Natural Name Kongu Vellalan
World Population 21,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Karganta; Karkatha; Karlatja Vellalar; Kongu Vellala Gounder; Kongu Vellalar; Kongu Wellala Vellalar; Malayan; Vellala; Vellalar; वेल्लालन कोंगू
People ID 21275
ROP3 Code 118098
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 2
Largest States
Tamil Nadu
20,000
Kerala
1,000
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 2
  Tamil Nadu 20,000
  Kerala 1,000
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Tamil (20,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
600
Primary Language Tamil (20,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 600
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Virtual Storehouse
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Finding Peace
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Bible Visuals
General Comprehensive list of Tamil Resources
General God's Simple Plan
General Gospel website in this language
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.10 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.90 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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