Kalingi Vanniyan in India

The Vanniyan Kalingi have only been reported in India
Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

The Vanniyans or Vanniyars are a Hindu people group who live in south India and Sri Lanka. Vanniyans claim to be descendants the medieval Pallava kings who ruled Andhra Pradesh and north Tamil Nadu.

The Vanniyan have traditionally been agricultural workers and servants. Through their political lobbying, they have been able to raise their status from Sudra, workers, to Kshatriya, ruling caste. At the same time they have been named a Scheduled Backward caste in order to gain more government benefits. Today the Vanniyans are among the most politically mobilized and well-informed caste in the Tamil Nadu.

There were several waves of Tamil dispersals from India and Sri Lanka creating what is known as Tamil diaspora. Many Vanniyans migrated to South Africa, Malaysia, Singapore, Seychelles, Mauritius and Fiji.

The primary language of the Vanniyan is Tamil. Some also speak Telegu, Kannada and Malayalam.

Where Are they Located?

The Hindu Kalingi Vanniyan people live in a small area in Tamil Nadu, a state in southern India.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Most Vanniyan work in agriculture. Some own the land they till. Others work land for others. Educated Vanniyans have employment in administration, business, schools, government and politics.

Kalingi Vanniyans marry within their group. Marriage to one spouse in the norm. Families arrange marriages. Sons inherit their father's property with the eldest son becoming head of the family. Newly wed couples typically live with or near the groom's parents.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The majority of Kalingi Vanniyars practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Kalingi Vanniyan visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs.

The main yearly holidays of the Vanniyan people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday.

What Are Their Needs?

Rural Kalingi Vanniyan need help in gaining access to modern medicine, electricity and indoor plumbing. Most of all, the Kalingi Vanniyan need to hear and understand the message of Jesus Christ who alone can forgive their sins and give them lasting peace of mind.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Vanniyan Kalingi in India.

* Pray for the Holy Spirit to work powerfully through believers ministering to the Vanniyan people.
* Pray for Kalingi Vanniyan families and communities to discover and embrace the free gift of life found by trusting Christ and His finished work.
* Pray that growing, Bible-believing churches would be planted among the Kalingi Vanniyan.



Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Vanniyan Kalingi
People Name in Country Vanniyan Kalingi
Natural Name Kalingi Vanniyan
Population this Country 36,000
Population all Countries 36,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names वन्नीयाँ कॅलिंगी
People ID 21267
ROP3 Code 118090
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 1
  Tamil Nadu 36,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (36,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Tamil (36,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (Global Recordings Network)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (Faith Comes By Hearing)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Finding Peace
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Comprehensive list of Tamil Resources
General Gospel resources links (Scripture Earth)
General Gospel website in this language
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
1.41 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
98.59 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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