Damania Sonar in India

The Sonar Damania have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

According to Hindu legend the first Sonar was used by the goddess Devi to destroy a powerful demon who was made of gold. The Sonar convinced that vain demon that he would look better if he were polished, which meant he had to be melted down. When this happened and the demon was destroyed, Devi rewarded the Sonar by giving him the head of this demon.

There are subgroups of the Sonars based on location. They are part of the Vaishya caste groupings, the third in rank of the four. Vaishyas may not have the status of the higher two caste groupings, but they often have more wealth, since they are businessmen and merchants.


Where Are they Located?

Sonar live primarily in Maharashtra state, but there are also sizable populations in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Bihar, and Odisha.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Known for their work with gold and silver, Sonars produce elaborate jewelry and ornaments, using precious and semi-precious stones. Some engrave deities on plates of gold and silver as well as pendants. Others cut and polish diamonds. Typically, the Sonars own their own jewelry stores, while others are paid for skilled designs in delicate filigree.

Being a skilled goldsmith brings status in Hindu India. In a Hindu wedding, the bride literally wears her worldly possessions as products made by the Sonars. Even if a Sonar is not present at a wedding, their presence is felt by everyone who sees the bride decked out in a Sonar’s beautiful golden artwork. Sonars have contact with just about every Hindu community. For that reason, if members of the Sonar community became believers, they could potentially influence all Hindu people groups.

Today, their role is becoming more diverse. Some are skilled artisans who develop beautiful jewelry and art work. Others are landowners, pawnbrokers, or money lenders. They are becoming more educated as a community which is opening doors for more opportunities.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Sonars are Hindus who worship the regular Hindu gods, especially Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. They also have family, clan and regional gods that they worship. Along with other Hindu communities, the Sonars celebrate Holi, Dussehra, Janamashtami, Navrati, and Diwali.


What Are Their Needs?

Sonars need humility and the desire to serve the God who created all gold, and everything else they see. They need to taste and see that the Lord is good … and great!


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Sonar Damania in India.

* Pray for the Holy Spirit to move among Sonar families and community leaders to seek His face and enjoy His blessings.
* Pray for the Lord to thrust out workers who will be compelled to nurture a disciple making movement among Sonar peoples in the 2020s.
* Pray that soon many members of the Sonar communities will have faith that is more precious and durable than gold.


References

https://peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/sonar/
http://www.globalprayerdigest.org/issue/day/sonar-aka-soni-people/
http://www.globalprayerdigest.org/issue/day/Sonar-Goldsmiths/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunar


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Sonar Damania
People Name in Country Sonar Damania
Natural Name Damania Sonar
World Population 5,600
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Barahath Dholi; Dhawala; Gandharp; Nakarchi; Rana; सोनार दमणिया
People ID 21246
ROP3 Code 118069
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 2
Largest States
Rajasthan
3,400
Gujarat
2,200
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 2
  Rajasthan 3,400
  Gujarat 2,200
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Dhundari (2,200 speakers)
Language Code dhd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 5
Secondary Languages
Gujarati
2,100
Marwari
700
Hindi
500
Shekhawati
100
Primary Language Dhundari (2,200 speakers)
Language Code dhd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 5
Secondary Languages
  Gujarati 2,100
  Marwari 700
  Hindi 500
  Shekhawati 100
People Groups Speaking Dhundari

Primary Language:  Dhundari

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (2014)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2020)
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Virtual Storehouse
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope
Film / Video Coconuts
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Dhundari
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
General Gospel website in this language
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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