Tsum in Nepal

The Tsum have only been reported in Nepal
Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Introduction / History

The Tsum are also called Tsumba. They live in the northern Gorkha district near Tibet. Their ancestral home is the Tsum Valley in the Himalayan foothills. Their language, Tsum, is different than all others. This group lives only in Nepal.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Tsum families raise livestock like yaks, goats and sheep. Tsum farmers grow barley, wheat and maize. Rice does not grow well in their homeland.

They are also weavers who produce warm wool clothing.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Tsum are Tibetan Buddhists. The Tibetan form of Buddhism incorporates shamanism with Buddhist practices.

Their homeland has monasteries and pilgrimage sites such as Mu Gompa and Rachen Gompa.

What Are Their Needs?

The Tsum people need a John 10:10 blessing: The abundant life Jesus offers those who are willing to submit to his lordship.

Prayer Points

Pray for the Tsum culture to be renewed and enhanced by a work of the Holy Spirit and shaped into a God-centered and God-honoring mold.

Pray for the Holy Spirit to move among their family and community leaders to seek his face and enjoy his blessings.

Pray for the Lord to thrust out workers who will be compelled to nurture a disciple making movement among the Tsum people.

Pray that soon the Tsum people will have faith that will lead them to live honorable lives that will draw others to the savior.

Pray for spiritual discernment and a hunger for true spirituality.

Scripture Prayers for the Tsum in Nepal.

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Tsum
People Name in Country Tsum
Alternate Names तसूम
Population this Country 2,800
Population all Countries 2,800
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 20783
ROP3 Code 110222
ROP25 Code 308312
ROP25 Name Tsum
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Total States 1
  Gandaki 2,700
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent *
100.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
* From latest Nepal census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Tsum (2,800 speakers)
Language Code ttz   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Unknown
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Tsum (2,800 speakers)
Language Code ttz   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Tsum

Primary Language:  Tsum

Bible Translation Status:  Unspecified

Resource Type Resource Name Source
None reported  
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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