Balkan Egyptians in Montenegro

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Egyptians of the 12th century BC found iron deposits in the Balkan region. That began the contact between two peoples that have since blended and changed considerably through the centuries. Other Egyptians moved to the Balkans during the time of the Ottoman Empire where they were administrators and merchants.

The Balkan Egyptians are closely associated with the Ashkali people. Some have associated them with the Roma Gypsies, though they would disagree. They are Sunni Muslims who speak Tosh Albanian. They speak the same language in the countries they live in. They also have the same culture and traditions. The Balkan Egyptians and Ashkalis have only recently become a recognized ethnic group in 1999. The Ashkalis want to distance themselves from the Roma. Thousands of Ashkali left the Balkans for Western Europe during the wars following the breakup of Yugoslavia. Many of these people have been deported by Germany, Switzerland and Italy and sent back to the Balkans. Upon returning to places like Montenegro, the Ashkalis have been victims of economic and social discrimination that has been reserved for Roma Gypsies.
The complete Bible and JESUS Film are available in Tosh Albanian.

Where Are they Located?

Though spread around the region, the Ashkali live mainly in the central and eastern regions of Kosovo. There are smaller populations in Albania, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Ashkalis need acceptance among the peoples around them so they can live productive lives free from prejudice. They also need to understand from the heart that God values them as His children, and He wants them to become part of His family.
The Ashkalis, when they can find employment, work as farm and construction laborers. Some work as small shopkeepers and traders. Most do not own land. Other peoples frequently see them as Roma who are often thought to be petty thieves and criminals. Most Ashkalis live in poverty with few opportunities to improve their lot in life.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Ashkalis are Sunni Muslims. Sunni Muslims believe in the absolute power of the creator, Allah, who revealed his will to mankind through the Koran and through the Hadith, a commentary on the Koran. Muslims are expected to pray five times a day facing Mecca, the holy city of Islam, and fast from sun up to sun down during the month of Ramadan. Those with the means to do so must make a pilgrimage to Mecca. These pilgrims come home to people who give them greater respect for being "hajis." Giving alms to the poor is also part of Islam.
There are a tiny number of Ashkali believers.

What Are Their Needs?

These Muslim people need to find their way to Jesus Christ, the only one who can give them a right relationship with God the Father. The Ashkalis need help in educating their children and in learning new job skills that can alleviate their poverty.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Egyptian, Balkan in Montenegro.

* Pray for gospel workers to catch a vision for reaching the Balkan Egyptians in Montenegro for Jesus and that in God's sovereign timing their hearts would be open and ready to follow Him.
* Pray for Jesus movements to bless extended Ashkali families so the gospel will spread rapidly among this people group.
* Pray for the lives and culture of the Balkan Egyptians to evidence the rule and reign of the Kingdom of God as they open to the gospel, and for the beauty of Jesus to be seen in them.
* Pray for the Ashkali believers to grow spiritually and reach out to their brothers and sisters.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Egyptian, Balkan
People Name in Country Egyptian, Balkan
Natural Name Balkan Egyptians
Pronunciation BALL-kun
Population this Country 2,000
Population all Countries 22,000
Total Countries 5
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Ashkali
People ID 20676
ROP3 Code 117066

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Primary Language Albanian, Tosk (2,000 speakers)
Language Code als   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Albanian, Tosk (2,000 speakers)
Language Code als   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Albanian, Tosk

Primary Language:  Albanian, Tosk

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1824-1914)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1827-2007)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Albanian, Tosk
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video More Than Dreams-Ali
Film / Video More Than Dreams-Khosrow
Film / Video More Than Dreams-Mohammed
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Walk with the Prophets and meet the Messiah
Text / Printed Matter Bible Gateway Scripture
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Albanian Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Interconfessional New Testament
Text / Printed Matter Download scripture in this language
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
3.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
97.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Other Christian
Roman Catholic
Photo Source The Advocacy Project - Flickr  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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