Putian Chinese in Singapore

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge


Putian people are often stereotyped by other Chinese as heroic and athletic people. Many of China's best track and field stars come from Putian. In Southeast Asia the Putian are known as the Hinghua.


The Yuan (Mongol) Dynasty (1271-1368): In 1213 the Mongols, led by Genghis Khan, broke through the Great Wall which had been designed to prevent them from entering China. The Mongols swept all opposition before them, winning more territory than any other kingdom in the history of world. Their realm stretched from Southeast Asia to Hungary in Europe. The Mongol armies were brutal, killing and plundering unmercifully wherever they went. One writer at the time recounted, "If anyone were to say that at no time since the creation of man by the great God had the world experienced anything like it, he would only be telling the truth. The Mongols ... spared none. They killed women, men and children, ripped open the bodies of the pregnant and slaughtered the unborn."


Chinese leaders have long been diligent in numbering and classifying the people of China. Although vital statistics of the population date back as far as the Xia Dynasty (2200-1700 BC), the first recorded nationwide census in China was conducted in 789 BC under the reign of Emperor Zhou Xuan.


The implementation of Communist policies resulted in a ban on all religious activity across China between 1966 and 1976. Thousands of temples, mosques, and churches were smashed to the ground, and believers were forced to practice their faith in secrecy.


The Nestorian church disappeared from China in the fourteenth century, leaving almost no trace of its existence. The heads of 70,000 Christians were piled on a heap in Xian around 1300. "This was the second disappearance of Christianity from China, and when it returned two hundred years later, the next wave of Christians seemed largely unaware that there had ever been Christians there before them." Today approximately 100,000 of the Putian Chinese are Christians - including more than 30,000 in Putian City alone, and 90,000 in the whole of Putian County.

Prayer Points

Scripture Prayers for the Han Chinese, Putian in Singapore.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Asia Harvest  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Han Chinese, Putian
People Name in Country Han Chinese, Putian
Natural Name Putian Chinese
Pronunciation Pu-shee-un
Alternate Names Han Chinese; Henghua; Hinghua; Hinghua Min; Hsingua; Putian; Puxian; Pu-Xian; Xianyou; Xinghua Min; Xinghua, Putian
Population this Country 29,000
Population all Countries 3,123,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 4
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed
People ID 18481
ROP3 Code 114089
ROP25 Code 301734
ROP25 Name Chinese
Country Singapore
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Country Singapore
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked

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Primary Religion: Non-Religious
Major Religion Percent
30.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 5.70 %)
9.00 %
Ethnic Religions
15.00 %
0.00 %
2.00 %
44.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Primary Language Chinese, Pu-Xian (29,000 speakers)
Language Code cpx   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Chinese, Pu-Xian (29,000 speakers)
Language Code cpx   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Chinese, Pu-Xian

Primary Language:  Chinese, Pu-Xian

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1892)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1900)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1912)
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2024  Operation China, Asia Harvest  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Profile Source Operation China, Asia Harvest  Copyrighted ©  Used with permission 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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