Bouyei in Vietnam


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Bouyei immigrated into what is now northern Vietnam from China about 200 years ago. They have close cultural relations with the Nung and other Thai groups. Unfortunately, the rapid population growth in Vietnam has strained the limited social services and food supplies. To relieve these problems, the government set up what they call a "family planning program." They resettled several million people into new economic areas.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Bouyei are primarily farmers and cattle producers. Generally, they live in houses built on stilts. Most also have a second home located on farm clearings where older people mind the crops, cattle, and poultry. Handicrafts are poorly developed, aside from the weaving of bamboo household items.
Traditionally, Bouyei women dressed elaborately, wearing fanned out skirts covering their knees. Today, they wear typical Vietnamese style clothing, which includes carrying embroidered cloth bags. Their hair is rolled around their heads, then tied with pink threads that are usually left dangling down their backs.
Each year the Bouyei celebrate their anticipated harvest in a festival called roong pooc. Every family owns land to plant rice, maize, sweet potatoes, cassava, gourds and vegetables. They use buffaloes for plowing, horses as beasts of burden, and poultry for meat and sacrificial offerings.
Communal, or shared land, is prominent in Bouyei society. Each village has a piece of forbidden forest called ma doong xia ("sacred forest"). They hold a ceremony twice a year at the biggest tree, called "the forest chief," honoring the village spirits. Bamboo structures at the village entrance hold offerings of pig, buffalo ears or chicken legs.
Bouyei society is patrilineal (inheritances are passed down through the males) and patriarchal (male-dominated). Families tend to be small. According to Bouyei tradition, a woman has three people to whom she must submit: her father before marriage, her husband, then her son after her husband's death. Formerly, girls were sold into marriage and rites were complex. Today, young people are free to choose their own marriage partners.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Bouyei, like most other minority groups in Vietnam, practice ethnic religions. They worship a multitude of gods that are associated with the earth, water, fire and famous ancestors. They also worship various spirits. Most villages have local temples for worship. Folk literature and art are also of importance in religious life.
The Bouyei view the world as having three stages: the middle stage, which is life on earth; the stage of heaven, which is to be magnificent and glorious; and the stage underneath, which is believed to be cramped and shameful.


What Are Their Needs?

In rural most areas, there is a lack of adequate health care facilities. There is a tremendous need for evangelistic materials, Christian laborers, and intercessors to stand in the gap for these precious people. It will take Christians who are “wise as serpents” to get past the increasingly oppressive government policies.


Prayer Points

Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to share Christ with the Bouyei.
Ask God to give the few Bouyei believers opportunities to share the gospel with their own people.
Pray that God will open the hearts of Vietnam's governmental leaders to the gospel, leading to many Christ followers within the Hanoi government.
Ask God to raise up teams of intercessors who will stand in the gap for these precious people.
Ask the Lord to raise up a strong local church among the Bouyei of Vietnam.


Scripture Prayers for the Bouyei in Vietnam.


References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bouyei_people


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Bouyei
People Name in Country Bouyei
Pronunciation zay
Alternate Names Bố Y; Bo-i; Bui; Buman; Buyayi; Buyi; Buyui; Buzhong; Chung-Chia; Dioi; Giay; Kuei; Kui; Pui; Pu-i; Pujai; Pu-Jui; Puyi; Puyoi; Quinjiang; Shuihu; Zhongjia
Population this Country 69,000
Population all Countries 3,370,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 18421
ROP3 Code 114016
ROP25 Code 301398
ROP25 Name Bouyei
Country Vietnam
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 35  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Lao Cai, Yen Bai, Cao Bang, Ha Giang, and Lai Chau provinces.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Vietnam
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 35  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Lao Cai, Yen Bai, Cao Bang, Ha Giang, and Lai Chau provinces..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Map of Bouyei in Vietnam Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.01 %)
0.50 %
Ethnic Religions
99.50 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Primary Language Bouyei (69,000 speakers)
Language Code pcc   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Bouyei (69,000 speakers)
Language Code pcc   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Bouyei
Photo Source Yves Picq - Wikimedia  Creative Commons 
Map Source People Group location: IMB. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



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