Tamil (Hindu traditions) in Vietnam

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Vietnam is becoming a prosperous, free market Asian nation under the control of the Vietnamese Communist Party. Citizens are encouraged to start and invest in businesses. Foreign capital has come in and helped the economy grow. The average Vietnamese person can now afford a cell phone, TV, motorbike and modest apartment. The nearly ten thousand Tamils living in Vietnam are participating in this economic expansion. The Tamils speak Tamil at home and Vietnamese at work and with their neighbors. Many also speak English and French which aids them in international business dealings. A small but significant group in the Tamil population in Vietnam is Christian.

What Are Their Lives Like?

During the French colonial period, South Indians came to Vietnam to work in trade, business and government. The majority of Tamils today live in the major cities like Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. A few wealthy Tamils own businesses, banks and resorts. Most would fit into the Vietnamese middle class as shop owners and factory managers. The father is the head of the Tamil family. He shares leadership with his wife over the children. A woman has a higher place in the Tamil home than in most Asian cultures. Parents encourage their sons and daughters to excel in education and obtain college degrees. Tamils in Vietnam try to maintain their ethnic identity. In traditional Tamil culture, the parents chose the spouse of their children. This practice has changed where people frequently choose their life partner with their parents’ guidance. Parents strongly encourage their sons and daughters to marry within Hindu Tamil society.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The large majority of Tamils in Vietnam practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Tamils visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods as Christians so with their heavenly Father. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. Hinduism is seen as compatible with Buddhism, the largest religion practiced in Vietnam. The main yearly holidays of the Tamil people are Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama’s birthday. A small but growing number of Tamil Hindus are becoming followers of Jesus Christ.

What Are Their Needs?

The Tamils living in Vietnam need to hear a clear presentation of the gospel. They need to come to understand that Jesus Christ is not just another Hindu god or guru. He is the unique Son of the one, true God and the only One who can forgive their sins.

Prayer Points

Pray the Lord raises up a Disciple Making Movement among the Tamils in Vietnam this decade. Pray the Lord moves Vietnamese believers and churches to help the Tamils to begin their own movement to Christ. Pray that Christian literature and videos become widely available in the Tamil and Vietnamese languages. Ask God to bring Tamil leaders and heads of families into His kingdom.

Scripture Prayers for the Tamil (Hindu traditions) in Vietnam.



Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Tamil (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Tamil (Hindu traditions)
Pronunciation TAH-mill
Population this Country 9,800
Population all Countries 2,795,000
Total Countries 20
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 2
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed
Alternate Names तमिल (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 18211
ROP3 Code 113732
Country Vietnam
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 19  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Country Vietnam
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 19  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Tamil (9,800 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Tamil (9,800 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2021)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Love letter to you from scripture
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Recorded oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Finding Peace
Film / Video Following Jesus video
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena video
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.40 %)
10.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
84.00 %
5.00 %
1.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
10.0 %
Roman Catholic
90.0 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more