Jat (Muslim traditions) in Canada

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Jat people are a historical Indo-Aryan tribal group native to the Punjab region. We do not know when the Jat people established themselves in the Indian desert. By the 4th century they had spread to the Punjab. The Jats rose to prominence following the 1669 Jat uprising against Mughal rule, and they ruled various princely states throughout the 18th century. After 1858, under the British Raj, the Jats were known for their service in the Indian Army, being categorized as a "martial race" by the British, specifically in the Jat Regiment, the Punjab Regiment and the Sikh Regiment.
Jat people have a history of being brave and ready fighters. They are fiercely independent in character and value their self-respect more than anything, which is why they offered heavy resistance against any foreign force. The Jat lifestyle was designed to foster a martial spirit. Whenever they lost their kingdoms, Jat people retired to the countryside and became landed barons and the landlords with their swords girded round their waists. They would draw the sword out of the scabbard at the command of their panchayat (village leader) to fight off invaders.
Originally Jats were Hindu. As time went on, some converted to Sikhism or Islam. Though most Jats who migrated to Canada were from the Hindu or Sikh communities, a large number are Muslim.
Jats were among India's agricultural experts. They were instrumental in averting famine by implementing agricultural improvements during the Green Revolution in the 1960s.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Jats were willing to fill in agricultural roles that Canadians would not take. Others became truck drivers. Still others are able to enter the lucrative tech, business or finance industries.
Traditionally, Jat Muslims have married others from their own community. With a drastically different cultural environment, Jats are in the process of modifying this. Who is a legitimate marriage partner? Does one marry for love, or do you have an arranged marriage with someone from India? Would a Muslim Jat dare to marry a Hindu Jat? Most likely they would not, but the Hindus are the ones who control Jat cultural associations and marriage sites in Canada. Muslims must either join the Hindus for cultural events or form their own organizations.
In India, Muslim Jats had a joint family system where large, extended families lived under the same roof. This was already starting to change in India, but the changes became even faster for those living in Canada. Muslim Jat family members become less dependent upon one another. Some, however, live within close proximity of one another.

What Are Their Beliefs?

They are Sunni Muslims who believe that the supreme God, Allah, spoke through his prophet, Mohammed, and taught mankind how to live a righteous life through the Koran and the Hadith. To live a righteous life, you must utter the Shahada (a statement of faith), pray five times a day facing Mecca, fast from sunup to sundown during the month of Ramadan, give alms to the poor, and make a pilgrimage to Mecca if you have the means. Muslims are prohibited from drinking alcohol, eating pork, gambling, stealing, slandering, and making idols. They gather for corporate prayer on Friday afternoons at a mosque, their place of worship.
The two main holidays for Sunni Muslims are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah.
Sunni religious practices are staid and simple. They believe Allah has pre-determined our fates; they minimize free will.

What Are Their Needs?

Muslim Jats in Canada are prosperous, but they are in the process of navigating major cultural changes. Who are they as a community? Where do they place their identity?

Prayer Points

Pray for a movement of Jesus to heal and strengthen Jat Muslim families in Canada.
Pray for Muslim Jat people to understand and embrace that Jesus wants to bless their families and neighborhoods.
Pray for Holy Spirit anointed believers from the Muslim Jat community to change their society from within.
Pray for a movement in which the Holy Spirit leads and empowers Jat disciples to make more disciples.

Scripture Prayers for the Jat (Muslim traditions) in Canada.



Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Jat (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Jat (Muslim traditions)
Pronunciation jot
Alternate Names Jat; Jati; Jatu; Langah; Langha; Manhas; Mannas; Marth; Nath; जाट, (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
Population this Country 114,000
Population all Countries 14,491,000
Total Countries 6
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 2
People ID 17571
ROP3 Code 112998
ROP25 Code 303344
ROP25 Name Jat
Country Canada
Region America, North and Caribbean
Continent North America
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Toronto, Alberta, Montreal, Vancouver, Edmonton   Source:  Global Gates 2021
Country Canada
Region America, North and Caribbean
Continent North America
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Toronto, Alberta, Montreal, Vancouver, Edmonton.   Source:  Global Gates 2021
Map of Jat (Muslim traditions) in Canada
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Primary Language Punjabi, Western (114,000 speakers)
Language Code pnb   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Punjabi, Western (114,000 speakers)
Language Code pnb   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Western

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Western

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1885-1922)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1819-2021)
Bible-Complete No
FCBH NT (www.bible.is) Online
YouVersion NT (www.bible.com) Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, New Testament DAVAR Partners International
Audio Recordings Love letter to you from scripture Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Bible General / Other
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation Create International
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Western Jesus Film Project
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions Got Questions Ministry
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Four Spiritual Laws Campus Crusade for Christ
General Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
General Gospel website in this language General / Other
General YouVersion Bible versions in text and/or audio YouVersion Bibles
General Zume Resources Zume Project
General Zume Training Zume Project
Mobile App Android Bible app: Punjabi, Western YouVersion Bibles
Mobile App iOS Bible app: Punjabi, Western YouVersion Bibles
Text / Printed Matter Cartoon Gospel tract General / Other
Text / Printed Matter Literacy primer for Punjabi, Western Literacy & Evangelism International
Text / Printed Matter Tools for faith conversations Campus Crusade for Christ
Text / Printed Matter Topical Scripture booklets and Bible studies World Missionary Press
Photo Source Steve Evans - Flickr  Creative Commons 
Map Source People Group location: Statistics Canada. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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