Zarma in Ghana

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Zerma people are a West African ethnic group with no recorded history and no ancient texts. Like other ethnic groups of the region, much of their known history comes from Islamic records after the 8th century. The Zerma people are also known as Djerma, Dyerma, Zaberma, Zabarma or Zabermawa.

Where Are they Located?

The Zerma people are an ethnic group predominantly found in westernmost Niger, but also found in significant numbers in the adjacent areas of Nigeria and Benin, along with smaller numbers in Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, and Ghana. Many Zerma people have migrated into prosperous coastal cities in Ghana.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Zerma people grow corn, millet, sorghum, rice, tobacco, cotton, and peanuts during the rainy season, June to November. They have traditionally owned herds of animals, which they rent out to others till they are ready to be sold for meat. Some own horses, a legacy of those Zerma people who historically belonged to the warrior class and were skilled cavalrymen in Islamic armies. Living along the Niger River, some Zerma people rely on fishing. The property inheritance and occupational descent is patrilineal. They are known as honest and hardworking.

It is not considered unusual for a Zerma man to take more than one wife, although this practice is more common among the older and wealthier men. For some, it is a sign of social status.
In general, the women are responsible for cooking, cleaning, hauling water, caring for the children, and numerous other chores that fill a full day. Women have little leisure time.

Housing is generally mud brick – either round with mud walls or rectangular with walls made of sun-dried mud bricks. Most houses have straw thatched roofs. If a man has more than one wife, each wife will have a separate house for her and her children.

The Zerma people have a rich tradition of music, group dance, and singing. The common musical instruments that accompany these arts include gumbe (big drum), dondon (talking drums), molo or kuntigui (string instruments), and the goge (violin-like instrument). Some of this music accompanies spirit possession-related rituals.

The Zarma people are the second largest people group in Niger, and are also in a few other West African countries.
What Are Their Beliefs?

The Zerma people are predominantly Sunni Muslims. They also practice traditional religion which involves wearing charms and amulets, and consulting mediums. Muslim traders took a major role in introducing Islam to the Zerma people.

What Are Their Needs?

Although many Bible resources are available in their language, Zarma, these people are accustomed to other sources for meeting their spiritual needs. Old customs die hard, though their spiritual needs are obvious. Much prayer and loving effort must be invested by people who know God's truth before fruit will abound.

Prayer Points

Pray that the Zerma people will become broken hearted over their sins, and will seek their Savior, even before they know whom they are seeking.
Pray that Almighty God will break down walls and strongholds that have dominated these dear people for centuries.
Pray for a Christ-oriented disciple making movement to flourish among the Zerma people in Ghana.

Scripture Prayers for the Zarma in Ghana.


(Profiles written by Karen Hightower of Global Prayer Digest)

Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Zarma
People Name in Country Zarma
Pronunciation ZAR-mah
Alternate Names Dgerma; Djarma; Dyerma; Zabarma; Zabarmawa; Zaberma; Zerma
Population this Country 10,000
Population all Countries 5,130,000
Total Countries 6
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 16100
ROP3 Code 111171
ROP25 Code 309105
ROP25 Name Zerma
Country Ghana
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Country Ghana
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.08 %)
0.50 %
Ethnic Religions
20.00 %
0.00 %
79.50 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Primary Language Zarma (10,000 speakers)
Language Code dje   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Zarma (10,000 speakers)
Language Code dje   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Zarma
Photo Source (Representative photo)
Global Landscapes Forum - Flickr  Creative Commons 
Map Source Anonymous  
Profile Source Keith Carey 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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