Tabasaran in Russia

Main Language
Largest Religion
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Introduction / History

The Tabasaran are a people whose homeland is the Caucasus Mountains of southeastern Europe. The vast majority of the Tabasaran live in the Dagestan republic of Russia. Their primary occupation is agriculture and animal husbandry.

The Tabasaran have been Sunni Muslims since the eighth century. The Russians conquered the Caucasus region in 1864. The Tabasaran are respected as fierce warriors when protecting their land and families.

What Are Their Lives Like?

In rural Tabasaran culture, friendship and hospitality are the highest values. If a person has many friends, he or she is a "wealthy" person. Within their culture day by day, friendship and hospitality go with one another. If a guest comes to a Tabasaran home, everything else is dropped and the friendship relationships took first priority.

Other salient features of Tabasaran culture are also evident: respect to the elderly, mutual aid in daily life and local arts such as carpet-making and Tabasaran music, the "godekan"—the male collective decision-making body at the center of each village, societal care for the sick and the poor.

The Tabasaran like all societies have their problems. Male drunkenness has reached alarmingly high levels since the introduction of Russian vodka in the late 1800s. Blood feuds are common. Fear and shame are widely felt as controlling forces of traditional conformity. Cycles of vengeance and violence beset the region, along with fierce power struggles—capped by the omnipresent corrupt bribery demands, coming from those in power.

This striking combination of factors yields the following observation, "The Tabasaran culture, like other mountain Dagestani cultures, has many outstanding cultural historical strengths; but a tragic lack of grace, forgiveness, and agape love. Due to this redemptive deficit, in recent years many of the historic strengths have been getting progressively dimmer due to the devastating effects of sin."

But, for the Tabasarans, new hope is springing forth. In 1997 the first Tabasaran-speaking person came to Jesus. This was followed by dozens more in the decade following, both in village regions and in urban regions of Dagestan. There are now more than 100 Tabasaran believers. In the midst of the fierce Muslim tensions of Dagestan, loving relationships—coupled with widespread prayer—hold the hope for further redemptive impact into the Tabasaran world.

The Tabasaran tend to marry within their group and have a large number of children. Some young people are choosing to leave the rural villages and settle in cities and towns. They are looking for better educational and economic opportunities. These young people frequently marry outside their people and blend into the Russian population.

What Are Their Beliefs?

A large percentage of Tabasaran are Sunni Muslims. They believe that the supreme God, Allah, spoke through his prophet, Mohammed, and taught mankind how to live a righteous life through the Koran and the Hadith. To live a righteous life, you must utter the Shahada (a statement of faith), pray five times a day facing Mecca, fast from sunup to sundown during the month of Ramadan, give alms to the poor, and make a pilgrimage to Mecca if you have the means. Muslims are prohibited from drinking alcohol, eating pork, gambling, stealing, slandering, and making idols. They gather for corporate prayer on Friday afternoons at a mosque, their place of worship.

The two main holidays for Sunni Muslims are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah.

Sunni religious practices are staid and simple. They believe that Allah has pre-determined our fates; they minimize free will.

What Are Their Needs?

The Tabasaran need to hear the life-saving message of Jesus Christ. He alone can forgive their sins and grant them eternal life.

Prayer Points

Ask the Lord to send workers to the Tabasaran.

Pray for a just and lasting peace in Ukraine and in Dagestan.

Pray that the small number of Tabasaran believers would grow and share their faith with their family and friends.

Pray the Lord would raise up a growing movement to Christ in the Tabasaran community.

Scripture Prayers for the Tabasaran in Russia.

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  
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People Name General Tabasaran
People Name in Country Tabasaran
Pronunciation tah-bah-sah-RAHN
Alternate Names Ghumghum
Population this Country 151,000
Population all Countries 153,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per
Pioneer Workers Needed 3
People ID 15158
ROP3 Code 109671
ROP25 Code 307798
ROP25 Name Tabasaran
Country Russia
Region Europe, Eastern and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Dagestan Republic.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Russia
Region Europe, Eastern and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Dagestan Republic..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.10 %)
0.10 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
99.90 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Primary Language Tabasaran (151,000 speakers)
Language Code tab   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Tabasaran (151,000 speakers)
Language Code tab   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Tabasaran
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Withheld by request   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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