Dungan in Kyrgyzstan


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Dungan originated in the Kansu and Shensi provinces of northwestern China, but today there are people from Kansu living in the mountains and valleys of Kyrgyzstan. Culturally, the Dungan are like the Han Chinese, but their language is greatly influenced by Arabic, Persian and Turkish. They are a proud, hospitable, nationalistic and conservative people who refer to themselves as “Chinese Muslims” despite having cut ties with China. Some live in Kyrgyzstan.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Dungan are primarily farmers, growing rice and vegetables such as sugar beets. Many also raise dairy cattle. Some grow opium. They are mostly a rural people. They love to keep flower gardens and greenhouses and take great pride in doing so. Farms, which are basically small cities, have electricity, running water and gas for cooking. In each farm village, there are one or two schools. Each village has day nurseries, general stores, a hospital, and a post office. Some also have tobacco factories, evening schools, dairies, bathhouses, and machine repair shops.
Very few live in the cities. Those that do have found jobs as writers, linguists, historians, poets and newspaper editors.
The Dungan tend to be endogamous, meaning they marry within a certain specified group.
The Dungan believe in having as many children as possible. It is easy for the Dungan to travel because they have relatives in many villages.
The Dungan are famous for their hospitality and hold many ceremonies and banquets to preserve their former culture. They have elaborate and colorful observances of birthdays, weddings and funerals. Schools often have museums to preserve other parts of their culture, such as embroidery, traditional clothing, silver jewelry, paper cuts of animals and flowers, and tools the Dungan used many years ago.


What Are Their Beliefs?

They are virtually all Hanafite, one of the conservative schools of Sunni Islam. The older people strictly observe Islamic law. The younger Dungan are indifferent to Islam, not turning to religion until the age of 40. There are still village mosques run by elders. The Dungan in Kazakhstan are more committed to Islam than are those in Kyrgyzstan.


What Are Their Needs?

The Dungan are famous for their hospitality and diversity, which would usually make it easier for religion to spread; however, they have had little opportunity to hear the gospel. At present, they remain nominally Muslim. We know of no Dungans who have put their faith in Christ except in Mongolia.
The few Dungan Christian believers in Mongolia can share their faith with those in Kyrgyzstan. The JESUS Film and portions of Scripture already exist in the Dungan language.


Prayer Points

Pray for peace in Kyrgyzstan and for a stable, effective and just government.
Pray for a movement to Christ to spread and benefit everyone spiritually, physically and economically.
Pray that the few followers of Christ among the Dungan would fellowship together and hear the call to share the gospel with their neighbors.


Scripture Prayers for the Dungan in Kyrgyzstan.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Dungan
People Name in Country Dungan
Pronunciation DUNG-un
Alternate Names Hui; Huizu; Huizui; Khoton
Population this Country 75,000
Population all Countries 156,000
Total Countries 5
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 2
People ID 12145
ROP3 Code 103902
ROP25 Code 302229
ROP25 Name Dungan
Country Kyrgyzstan
Region Asia, Central
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Largest enclave in Ysyk-Kol Region near Karakol; others in Chuy Region, in Bishkek and 2 small nearby border areas.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Kyrgyzstan
Region Asia, Central
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Largest enclave in Ysyk-Kol Region near Karakol; others in Chuy Region, in Bishkek and 2 small nearby border areas..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Map of Dungan in Kyrgyzstan Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Primary Language Dungan
Language Code dng   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
Kyrgyz Russian Uzbek, Northern
Primary Language Dungan
Language Code dng   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 4
Secondary Languages
  Kyrgyz
  Russian
  Uzbek, Northern
People Groups Speaking Dungan

Primary Language:  Dungan

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (2002-2015)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation Create International
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Dungan Jesus Film Project
General Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
Text / Printed Matter IBT, Russia - resources Institute for Bible Translation - Russia
Photo Source Bruno Rijsman - Flickr  Creative Commons 
Map Source People Group location: IMB. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



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