Hainanese in Cambodia

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Included as part of the Han nationality, the Hainanese are descended from Chinese who migrated from Fujian at various times over the last 15 centuries.

Hainanese is related to the Min Nan language. However, this language has changed in such a way that it is no longer understood by other Min Nan speaking peoples.
Hainanese is also called Qiongwen. Qiongwen is widely spoken throughout 14 counties and cities of Hainan Island. Most Hainanese are bilingual in Mandarin, while many can also speak Cantonese.

Where Are they Located?

Chinese peoples like the Hainanese have a long history of migrated to Cambodia as well as other countries in Asia. Those from Hainan Island began to migrate to Cambodia in the early 18th century when one of their leaders established a trading post. More Hainanese traders arrived. A large number of them were trading peppers by the end of that century. Many owned pepper plantations. In the 1950s some Hainanese moved to Phnom Penh where they established a monopoly on the hotel and restaurant businesses. Those with less means opened shops where they sold hats or did tailoring.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Today many Hainanese people live in Cambodia's Kampot Province. One can find a large number of them in Phnom Penh. They work hard, rarely taking time off from work. They have distinguished themselves as experts in the food catering business. Many manage coffee shops, Chinese noodle houses, and other businesses in the food industry. Parents encourage their children to study hard in school. With much of their time spent in school or at work, the Hainanese have little time for entertainment or socializing.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Many Hainanese in China and Cambodia are secular, but they have their own traditional spiritual practices. Some worship a territorial spirit called Bentougong. Their worship ceremonies involve spirit possession and tongue cutting. After slicing their tongues, they lick pieces of paper that have a symbol of fortune or blessing. They then hang this amulet above the door of their homes or in their shops. They believe that Bentougong will then bless their families and businesses with good luck and prosperity. Like other Chinese peoples, they frequently have a wall in their homes with altars to various spirit beings.

What Are Their Needs?

The Hainanese people in Cambodia are being reached with the gospel; pray that their hearts will be open so there can be a disciple-making movement among them.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Han Chinese, Hainanese in Cambodia.

* Pray for a "Book of Acts" type of movement to Christ among the Hainanese people in Cambodia.
* Pray for the Hainanese people to understand and embrace that Jesus wants to bless their families and neighborhoods.
* Pray for Holy Spirit anointed believers from the Hainanese people to change their society from within.
* Pray for a movement in which the Holy Spirit leads and empowers disciples to make more disciples.
* Pray for a movement of Jesus to heal and strengthen Hainanese communities.



Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-06-27
Han profile for Children and Family Missions Activities
People Name General Han Chinese, Hainanese
People Name in Country Han Chinese, Hainanese
Natural Name Hainanese
Pronunciation Hi-nahn-eez
Population this Country 14,000
Population all Countries 6,682,000
Total Countries 5
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Chinese Qiongwen; Hainan Chinese; Hainanese; Qiongwen
People ID 12053
ROP3 Code 103690
Country Cambodia
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Country Cambodia
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked

No people group map currently available. Use the above button to submit a map.

Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Chinese, Min Nan (14,000 speakers)
Language Code nan   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Hokkien
Dialect Code 6466   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Chinese, Min Nan (14,000 speakers)
Language Code nan   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Hokkien
Dialect Code 6466   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Chinese, Min Nan

Primary Language:  Chinese, Min Nan

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1875-1916)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1896-1974)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1922-1996)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Amoy Bible
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Gimchua's Family (EngSub)
Film / Video Gimchua's Family (HanSub)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Chinese, Min Nan
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Hope
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file from FCBH
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Traditional
Text / Printed Matter Bible: 新譯本(繁體字版)
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
40.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.40 %)
1.00 %
Ethnic Religions
54.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
5.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
35.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
25.0 %
Roman Catholic
40.0 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2021  Operation China, Asia Harvest  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


Welcome. I’m a virtual assistant and will try to answer questions about Joshua Project, unreached people groups, the Great Commission and more. How can I help you?

For further help try our FAQ, Definitions or Contact Us pages.