Gourma in Burkina Faso


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The eastern sixth of Burkina Faso is an area generally characterized by heat and dryness. This is home for the Gourma, Burkina Faso's third largest ethnic group. Major Gourma populations are also found in Niger and Togo, and smaller groups in Benin. The physical climate of the region poses great challenges.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The lack of adequate water is a stark reality for most Gourma. Some aid organizations have drilled small, deep, bore wells in a few villages. But some women must walk as much as 5 kilometers for water from a dam or a small well, sources which are known to dry up before the rainy season begins. In general, the southern regions do not receive enough rainfall to grow surplus crops.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Many Gourma syncretize their traditional religion with Islam, believing in a powerful God who has no time for individuals.


What Are Their Needs?

Education poses a great challenge for the Gourma. They have one of the lowest enrollment rates in Burkina Faso. Yet there is hope as almost one half of the primary schools in the area have opened since 1980. Furthermore, there has been a growing interest in learning to read and write in their own language, largely through the efforts of a professor from the University of Ouagadougou. There is a great interest in using literacy to help meet practical needs. Publications in their own language include health pamphlets and a monthly newspaper.

SIM International has been at work in the area since 1930. They have a history of combining evangelization with physical ministries like health care. They have translated the New Testament along with commentaries. Literacy is taught in each church, where these publications are sold. Old Testament translation is being done by nationals, with UBS supervision. The people as a whole, however, remain strongly tied to traditional practices including sun worship, and sacrifices to the spirits.


Prayer Points

Pray for the Lord to provide for all the needs of the Gourma people according to his abundant love and mercy.
Pray for the Gourma people to disciple others, especially their neighbors who are in bondage to the spirit world.
Pray for Gourma family leaders to have the spiritual hunger it takes to spread the name of Jesus to their families and friends.


Scripture Prayers for the Gourma in Burkina Faso.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Gourma
People Name in Country Gourma
Alternate Names Bigulimanceba; Gourmance; Gourmancheba; Gourmantche; Gulmachema; Migulimancema
Population this Country 1,236,000
Population all Countries 1,773,000
Total Countries 5
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 4
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed
People ID 12004
ROP3 Code 103587
ROP25 Code 302887
ROP25 Name Gurma (Gourma)
Country Burkina Faso
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 20  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Centre-Est region: Koulpelogo province; Centre-Nord region: Namentenga province; Est region: Gnagna, Gourma, Komandjari, Kompienga and Tapoa provinces; Sahel region: Seno and Yagha provinces.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Burkina Faso
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 20  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Centre-Est region: Koulpelogo province; Centre-Nord region: Namentenga province; Est region: Gnagna, Gourma, Komandjari, Kompienga and Tapoa provinces; Sahel region: Seno and Yagha provinces..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 8.01 %)
19.00 %
Ethnic Religions
43.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
38.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Primary Language Gourmanchema (1,236,000 speakers)
Language Code gux   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Gourmanchema (1,236,000 speakers)
Language Code gux   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Gourmanchema
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Burkina Faso Government  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



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