Along the plateaus of Fouta Djallon, there are grassy plains and fields of millet. Fulani herders settled in this region over 200 years ago and have since spread throughout western Africa. The Fulbe are a sub-group of this vast Fulani people group. They are semi-nomadic and raise crops as well as livestock. The high plateaus serve as part-time pastures for their herds.
The Fulbe are a large people group located in the western African nations of Guinea, Sierra Leone, Mali, and Senegal. A small population resides in Guinea Bissau.
The livelihood of the Fulbe is primarily based on farming and shepherding. Gathering forest produce, hunting, fishing, and trading are also part of their daily lives. Staple crops include millet, rice, and peanuts. Cattle herds, along with sheep and goats, are the primary livestock. The cattle are not the usual Fulani "humped" breed, but a native Fouta Djallon breed that is resistant to the disease-carrying tsetse fly.
Herding cattle is usually a male activity; however, the women milk and take care of the cattle. Women also care for the poultry and small livestock, as well as cultivate the gardens. Women often carry containers of milk and cheese to sell or trade in local markets.
Daughters remain with their mothers until they marry. However, as soon as a son reaches puberty, he leaves the family compound and lives alone in a nearby compound, usually with some cattle. This new compound becomes the home of the son and his future wife.
The first marriage of a man is usually arranged by the man's father. A bride-service of helping the girl's father with his livestock is performed by the man, who usually marries in his early twenties. Polygyny (the practice of having more than one wife) is practiced, up to the Muslim limit of four wives. There is one chief wife, however, who has authority over the other wives.
Children belong to "age-sets" until they marry. An age-set is grouped at three or four year intervals, with every child born in those years belonging to that set. The children in an age-set go to school together and may participate in community labor or may help someone in their set with bride-service. Each age-set has a leader, a deputy, and a judge.
Although Fulbe villages are scattered, each village has a central court and a mosque. Houses belonging to the settled Fulbe are typically round with mud walls and thatched roofs. Each hut has an encircling verandah. The nomadic Fulbe live in open, beehive-shaped huts without walls or verandahs. Each hut is surrounded by a cattle corral. Each village has a headman who handles village affairs and answers to a paramount chief.
Although Fulbe villages are scattered, each village has a central court and a mosque.
The Fulbe are almost completely Muslim, though they add pre-Islamic animism to their worship of Allah. Some villages have Islamic schools for the children.
The Fulbe are expected to follow a code of high moral behavior known as Pulaaku. Pulaaku extols virtues such as kindness, bravery, patience, tolerance, perseverance, honesty, diligence, generosity, and dignity. To be reserved is part of being dignified; thus, they are shy and modest in public. A mother does not show affection to her infant son. In fact, she never even calls her firstborn by his name all throughout his life.
Efforts to evangelize these people have resulted in only a very small number of Fulbe believers. They are very devoted to their Islamic religion and see it as a fulfillment of their needs. To win these people to Christ, further prayer is needed for God to open their hearts and eyes to the truth. Jesus is the embodiment of truth.
* Ask the Lord of the harvest to send full-time missionaries to share the gospel with the Fulbe of Mali.
* Pray for effectiveness of the JESUS Film among the Fulbe throughout Africa.
* Pray that God will give the small number of Fulbe believers boldness to start a movement to Christ within their community.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a strong and growing church among the Fulbe for the glory of his name.
Scripture Prayers for the Fulbe in Mali.
|Profile Source: Joshua Project|
|Link Up Africa|
|People Name General||Fulbe|
|People Name in Country||Fulbe|
|Population this Country||131,000|
|Population all Countries||5,269,000|
|Progress Scale||1 ●|
|Frontier People Group||Yes|
|GSEC||1 (per PeopleGroups.org)|
|Pioneer Workers Needed||3|
|Alternate Names||Fulbe Futa Jalon; Futa Dyalon; Futa Fula; Futa Jallon; Futa Jalon Fulani; Fuuta Jalon; Kebu Fula; Peul|
|Region||Africa, West and Central|
|National Bible Society||Website|
|Persecution Rank||17 (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)|
|Location in Country||Kayes region: Kéniéba circle. Source: Ethnologue 2016|
Primary Language: Pular
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Bible-New Testament||Yes (2011)|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Forum Bible Agencies|
|National Bible Societies|
|World Bible Finder|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name||Source|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching||Global Recordings Network|
|Audio Recordings||Online New Testament||Faith Comes by Hearing|
|Audio Recordings||Story of Jesus audio||Jesus Film Project|
|Film / Video||Jesus Film: view in Pular||Jesus Film Project|
|Film / Video||LUMO film of Gospels||Bible Media Group/LUMO|
|Film / Video||World Christian Videos||World Christian Videos|
|General||Bible for Children||Bible for Children|
|General||Gospel resources links||Scripture Earth|
|Mobile App||Download audio Bible app as APK file||Faith Comes by Hearing|
|Mobile App||Download audio Bible app from Google Play Store||Faith Comes by Hearing|
|Text / Printed Matter||Bible: Pular||YouVersion Bibles|
|Text / Printed Matter||Download scripture in this language||eBible.org|