Krio, Creole in Senegal

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Krios (Sierra Leone Creole) are descendants of West Indian slaves from the Caribbean (primarily Jamaica) and freed slaves from the United States who landed in Freetown at the beginning of the nineteenth century. They were subjects of the British crown and enjoyed its protection as nationals.

The majority of the Krios are actually returned slaves. They wer returned after the abolition of Slavery by the Brits, curbing the transatlantic slave trade. Because of being returned from slave ships a lot of Krios have a possible Yoruba connection and you will find a lot of Krios with Yoruba names.

Tthe first group were freed slaves from US, who had settled in Nova Scotia but most died when they arrived in Sierra Leone. A few were the Maroons from Jamaica and after a failed uprising were sent to Sierra Leone. Maroons continue to maintain their culture in Sierra Leone.

They speak Krio, a mixture of English and African languages. It also includes other languages, including French and Spanish/Portuguese.

Where Are they Located?

They live mostly in Freetown and surrounding areas as well as The Gambia, Guinea, Senegal, United Kingdom and the United States. In the United States they are mostly settled in Washington DC, Maryland, Virginia, Texas, New York, Georgia, California and North Carolina.

Gambian Creoles are generally a separate group.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Meals are usually based on the day of the week. Foofoo and a type of plasas (leafy vegetable sauce) is often eaten on Saturday. The plasas is made with palm oil except for wet soup (white soup). Other types of plasas: okra dried or fresh, bitter leaf, sawasawa, kreinkrein, shakpa among others. Foofoo is not spicy but the plasas sauce is. Tripe is often used. Sunday dinner is jollof rice and stew or couscous and stew or groundnut soup and white rice, usually with a salad and plantains. Awujoh meals on Friday or to commemorate events are beans, plantain, accara, olele, white sweet potato cooked in palm oil (some can be cooked in oil also, generally a more recent incorporation) Other foods may be cassava leaves and potato leaves.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Most Krios are Christians, though they some also follow traditional beliefs. A very small number of Krios are Muslims--mostly women who marry with other local tribesmen who are Muslims. Aku Rio are Muslim.

What Are Their Needs?

Krios are actually one of the most educated groups in Sierra Leone. It is the result of the unfortunate history with the Brits using them during the colonial era. Either way, education is very important to Krios.

Prayer Points

Scripture Prayers for the Krio, Creole in Senegal.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Krio
People Name in Country Krio, Creole
Alternate Names Aku; Creole; English Creole; Eurafrican Creole; Fernandino; Kiro; Sierra Leonean; Sierra Leonian Creole
Population this Country 8,700
Population all Countries 981,000
Total Countries 7
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 3
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 4  (per
Pioneer Workers Needed
People ID 11244
ROP3 Code 105310
ROP25 Code 304287
ROP25 Name Krio

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Primary Religion: Christianity
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 2.00 %)
70.00 %
Ethnic Religions
20.00 %
0.00 %
10.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Primary Language Krio (8,700 speakers)
Language Code kri   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Krio (8,700 speakers)
Language Code kri   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Krio

Primary Language:  Krio

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1987-1992)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1986-1992)
Bible-Complete Yes  (2013)
FCBH NT ( Online
YouVersion NT ( Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Online Audio Scripture Talking Bibles
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video God's Story video God's Story
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Krio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels Bible Media Group/LUMO
Film / Video Magdalena video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Walking with Jesus video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Faith Comes By Hearing - Bible in text or audio or video Faith Comes by Hearing
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
General YouVersion Bible versions in text and/or audio YouVersion Bibles
Mobile App Android Bible app: Krio YouVersion Bibles
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file Faith Comes by Hearing
Mobile App Download audio Bible app from Google Play Store Faith Comes by Hearing
Mobile App iOS Bible app: Krio YouVersion Bibles
Text / Printed Matter Literacy primer for Krio Literacy & Evangelism International
Photo Source Anonymous 
Profile Source Anonymous 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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