Bawean in Indonesia


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Bawean homeland is a 200 square kilometer island 120 kilometers north of Surabaya (East Java) in the middle of the Java Sea. A majority of the Bawean live in Indonesia, with significant minorities in Malaysia and Singapore. They speak the Madura language, which is also spoken by the much larger Madura people group in Indonesia.
Early settlers came from the island of Madura (as seen in the similarity of their languages), but over the centuries the Bawean have developed their own unique culture. Cultures from Madura, Java, South Sulawesi, Sumatra and Kalimantan have all influenced the Bawean people.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Merantau (going to distant lands to seek success) is a major aspect of Bawean culture and it influences almost every other facet of their society. Bawean has come to be known as the "island of women" because the men tend to leave to find employment in other lands.
The Bawean homeland is isolated and cut off from modern Indonesian life, but migration and return of family members exposes them to the world. Those who live on the island make a living farming and fishing. Apart from this, some residents own small shops, make grass mats from palm leaf fiber as a local handicraft, or quarry the high-quality onyx on the island for export and local sale. Most of the income on the island comes from family members who live and work overseas and send money back to Bawean.
The Bawean enjoy a higher standard of living than many other isolated groups, including 24x7 electricity, telephones, a bank, and computers.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Originally the Bawean embraced animistic beliefs. Then Hindu and Buddhist influences entered the island until the 1600s when the Bawean people converted to Islam. The Bawean pride themselves in the fact that 100% of the island's inhabitants follow Islam. Every village includes many mosques, small Islamic prayer houses and traditional Islamic schools. Boys and girls from six or seven years of age receive religious instruction including lessons in reciting the Koran and sometimes live in the house of a kyai (Islamic teacher). The kyai is greatly respected by the Bawean people.


What Are Their Needs?

Bawean's natural beauty positions the island for development of a significant tourist industry, which would allow more of the men to stay on the island and earn a living.


Prayer Points

Ask Jesus to reveal himself to the Bawean people through dreams and visions.
Ask God to send gospel workers to the Bawean and to direct them to families who are open to the gospel.
Pray for households of peace to be raised up and to develop into multiplying house churches.
Pray for a disciple-making movement among the Baweans.


Scripture Prayers for the Bawean in Indonesia.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Bawean
People Name in Country Bawean
Pronunciation boh-YAHN
Alternate Names Baweanese; Boyanese
Population this Country 105,000
Population all Countries 194,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 2
People ID 10740
ROP3 Code 101162
ROP25 Code 300983
ROP25 Name Bawean
Country Indonesia
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 42  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Jawa Timur Province, coastal areas of main island south and west of Surabaja city, southwest of Madura island; other island groups with speakers include Sapudi, Bawean, and Kangean islands; Java Sea, assorted islands with language communities under jurisdiction of Kalimantan Selatan Province.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Indonesia
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 42  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Jawa Timur Province, coastal areas of main island south and west of Surabaja city, southwest of Madura island; other island groups with speakers include Sapudi, Bawean, and Kangean islands; Java Sea, assorted islands with language communities under jurisdiction of Kalimantan Selatan Province..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Map of Bawean in Indonesia Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.08 %)
0.50 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
99.50 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Primary Language Madura
Language Code mad   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Bawean
Dialect Code 13255   Global Recordings Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Madura
Language Code mad   Ethnologue Listing
Primary Dialect Bawean
Dialect Code 13255   Global Recordings Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Madura
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2024  Anonymous  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group location: IMB. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



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