Baena in Brazil

The Baena have only been reported in Brazil
This people group’s population is unknown or estimated to be extremely small. This people group may have assimilated into larger surrounding groups and may no longer be recognizable as a distinct group. To ensure every people group is represented, Joshua Project includes unknown and very small population people groups until on-site research determines they do not exist. More info at Small People Group Policy.
Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Baenãs are a Brazilian indigenous group which, in the 20th century, merged with the old Pataxós-Hã-Hã-Hães, with the Camacãs, Mongoiós, Sapuiás-Quiriris, and with part of the Geréns and Tupiniquins, identifying itself since then as Pataxós-Hã-Hã-Hães.

Where Are they Located?

They live on two reservations in southern Bahia. The most populous is the Caramuru-Paraguaçu indigenous reserve, which has 54,099 hectares and covers areas in the municipalities of Itaju do Colônia, Camacã and Pau Brasil. The other reserve is the Reserva Fazenda Baiana, with 304 hectares, located in the municipality of Camamu, in the lower south of Bahia, where about 72 people live. Its current population, according to data from the Instituto Socioambiental, is around 2,200 people.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Around 1920, in Bahia, the Pataxó Indians Hã Hã Hãe and the Baenãs traditionally lived in the large forests between the Cachoeira, Pardo, Gongogi and other rivers. These Indians were nomads, collected fruits and supported themselves from the forests in which they lived, in this region, among: Pau Brasil (formerly Santa Rosa), Camacã, Itaju do Colônia, Palmares, Vitoria da Conquista and other regions. Nowadays, they live in reservations, having access to cities.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Toré is the religion today in the Caramuru-Paraguaçu reserve. It is a possession ritual, through which charms – or supernatural entities considered beneficial – are manifested, which is performed to introduce any activity considered socially significant. Men and women participate in it, smoking tobacco with pipes. Today there are three churches installed on the reservation: Catholic, Jehovah's Witness and Wesleyan. The latter acts as a conventional Pentecostal church, except for the effort to adapt to the local culture, through the use of indigenous symbols, such as maracas and clothing.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Baena in Brazil.

Pray for increased, on-site church planting.
Pray for more laborers.
Pray that many more come to know Jesus as savior.


Academia Brasileira de Letras.
Enciclopédia dos Povos Indígenas. Instituto Socioambiental e

Profile Source:   Michelle Pereira Mira dos Santos  

People Name General Baena
People Name in Country Baena
Population this Country 20
Population all Countries 20
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Baenan
People ID 21569
ROP3 Code 118366
Country Brazil
Region America, Latin
Continent South America
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Bahia state   Source:  AMTB 2019
Country Brazil
Region America, Latin
Continent South America
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Bahia state.   Source:  AMTB 2019

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Portuguese (20 speakers)
Language Code por   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Portuguese (20 speakers)
Language Code por   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Portuguese

Primary Language:  Portuguese

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1505-2004)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1681-2004)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1751-2017)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Atualizada (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Corrigida (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Interconfessional (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Todays New Language (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Portuguese
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus film: view in Portuguese
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video Walk with Jesus (Africa, JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
General Open-licensed Bible stories on mobile app
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Other Christian
Roman Catholic
Photo Source (Representative photo)
Yves Picq - Wikimedia  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Profile Source Michelle Pereira Mira dos Santos  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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