Wewewa in Indonesia

The Wewewa have only been reported in Indonesia
Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Wewewa live on the western part of Sumba (formerly Sandlewood Island). Sumba, one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, is located in eastern Indonesia, northwest of Australia.

Indonesia is the fourth most populous nation and has one of the most ethnically diverse cultures in the world. The Wewewa are one of several hundred distinct people groups living there. The Indonesian islands act as vital sea routes between Asia, Europe, and Australia. They are also the principle link between the Pacific and Indian Oceans.

The Wewewa are distinguished from the people on the eastern part of the island (the Kambera) primarily by language, although there are some cultural differences as well.

Sumba's mainland consists of plateaus with scattered, irregular hills. Since the climate is hot and dry, most people live on the plateaus, where extensive grasslands support grazing and small scale agriculture.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Sacred myths that describe the origin of the Wewewa mention ancient places such as "Mecca" and "Djawa." However, documented records of their history only go back as far as the fourteenth century. By the seventeenth century, the island of Sumba was well known for its sandlewood and horses. Even today large herds of wild horses are used for export as well as for riding.

Most of the Wewewa are small scale farmers. Income is also generated by the raising of animals and bartering of goods. Rice and maize are grown in season, in addition to year-round gardens and tree crops. Water buffalo are eaten as ceremonial food on very special occasions.

Fine fabrics that have been woven from locally grown cotton are famous throughout Sumba. This also plays an important role in the economy of the people.

A large bartering system exists on island of Sumba. Labor, services, ceremonial foods, and goods are all commonly traded among groups of relatives and friends.

Marriages are arranged by the Wewewa elders. In the case of first marriages of aristocrats, considerable negotiations are commonly made prior to the wedding. Cross cousin marriages are preferred.

Indonesia was formerly governed by princes and local rulers. Nobility consisted of those whose family lines were closest in decent to the founding ancestors. Today, however, the authority of these rulers is not recognized.

Traditionally, the Wewewa culture recognized two classes of people: the tau kabihu (humans), and the tauata (slaves). The tau ata were either prisoners of war or law breakers. Class distinctions are still recognized today, and are heredity, based on the status of both parents.

What Are Their Beliefs?

While a significant minority of the Wewewa are practicing Muslims, the remainder worship a variety of gods and animistic spirits. (Animism is the belief that non-human objects have spirits.) Their legends tell of the creation of the world, of man's descent from the upper world to the mythical mountain top, and of the origin of man. These stories also include details about the adventures and travels of their ancestors. Such tales have become, over time, a sacred oral tradition of the Wewewa.

The Wewewa regularly hold religious ceremonies in hopes of maintaining harmony between man and the spirit world. Local priests officiate at all religious ceremonies and funerals of clan members.

Communication with the spirit world is primarily done through blood sacrifices, food offerings, and prayers to the spirits. Sacred altars are a common sight, and are located in houses, villages, fields, and even in the bush.

What Are Their Needs?

There are only a few known Christians among the Wewewa. The New Testament has been translated.

Prayer Points

Pray that Christian literature, radio broadcasts, and television programs will be made available in their language.
Ask God to provide contacts, strategies, and wisdom for mission agencies trying to reach the Wewewa.
Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Wewewa towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
Pray that God will open the hearts of Wewewa's governmental leaders to the Gospel.
Ask the Lord to raise up a strong local church among the Wewewa.

Scripture Prayers for the Wewewa in Indonesia.

Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

People Name General Wewewa
People Name in Country Wewewa
Alternate Names Wejewa; West Sumbanese
Population this Country 64,000
Population all Countries 64,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 4
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed
People ID 15393
ROP3 Code 110817
ROP25 Code 308793
ROP25 Name Wewewa (Wejewa)
Country Indonesia
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 42  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Nusa Tenggara Timur Province; west Sumba island, interior.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Indonesia
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 42  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Nusa Tenggara Timur Province; west Sumba island, interior..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Religion: Christianity
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 4.00 %)
55.00 %
Ethnic Religions
25.00 %
0.00 %
20.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Primary Language Wejewa (64,000 speakers)
Language Code wew   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Wejewa (64,000 speakers)
Language Code wew   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Wejewa

Primary Language:  Wejewa

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1949-1977)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1970-1971)
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Wejewa Jesus Film Project
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
Photo Source Bethany World Prayer Center 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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