The Arab conquests of the seventh century brought about a rapid expansion of the Bedouin tribes. At that time, thousands of Bedouins left the Middle East and began spreading across North Africa. They have adapted well to the nomadic or semi-nomadic way of life in the desert. The name "Bedouin" is derived from the Arab word bedu. It is a term used to differentiate between those groups who migrate with their herds and those which have settled in an urban or agricultural area. Although distinct, both communities rely on each other economically, socially and politically. Many people picture the Bedouin as nomads clothed in long flowing robes, riding across the desert on their camels. In reality however, their identity is more varied. Today, many Bedouin live as semi-nomads, both migrating with their herds and engaging in some form of settled agriculture. Apart from tribal affiliations, there is little to distinguish one group from another. Bedouin tribes speak Arabic and claim Arab descent. One of these tribes is the Soliman tribe. They only live in Chad.
Most Soliman Bedouins live by pasturing their herds. Their illegal use of grazing land has caused major problems between them and some Chadian landowners. Some have taken wage-earning jobs, which they consider to be shameful. Lack of education and health care has contributed to their problems. Bedouin society is organized according to a series of overlapping kin groups. The family is the smallest unit, followed by the clan, then the tribe. The Soliman tribe has a tradition of marrying a close relative like a cousin. This is a way for families to keep the little wealth they have. Like other Bedouins, the Soliman tribe has less physical wealth than most other populations in Libya. In their spare time, the Soliman tribe loves camel racing and falconry as sports. They sometimes bet their livestock on a particular camel race.
While most of the Bedouin are Sunni Muslims (many of the conservative Malikite branch), there is still a basic belief in spirits known as jinnis. The jinnis are, according to Arab legend, spirits capable of assuming human or animal form and exercising supernatural influence over humans. Their folk Islamic rituals do not give them reassurance or peace, and they often feel fearful. The Koran warns them against dabbling in the spirit world, but they do it because they believe the spirits will help them with their daily needs. A few Bedouin tribes have been influenced by the mystic tradition in Islam known as Sufism. A Sufi is someone who believes that he has acquired a special inner knowledge direct from Allah. It is more emotion-based than other forms of Islam, and many Sufis are seeking a relationship with Allah. This is a possible Segway to the gospel.
The Soliman Bedouins have many physical needs. They often go without enough food, and they rarely have access to produce, which is where we get most of our vitamins and minerals. Commonly, Bedouins suffer from respiratory diseases, and they don’t have adequate access to medical facilities since they live in remote areas. Their nomadic lifestyle is rapidly becoming less and less possible given the increasing dryness of their desert homelands.
* Scripture Prayers for the Bedouin, Soliman in Chad.
Pray for the Soliman Bedouins to look to God for their physical and spiritual needs. Pray for the Lord to show himself faithful to the Soliman Bedouins by providing for all of their needs according to his riches and glory. Pray for the Lord to thrust out faithful workers to Soliman Bedouins. Pray for an unstoppable movement to Christ among the Soliman Bedouins.
|Profile Source: Joshua Project|
|Global Prayer Digest: 2010-02-25|
|People Name General||Bedouin, Soliman|
|People Name in Country||Bedouin, Soliman|
|Natural Name||Soliman Bedouin|
|Population this Country||40,000|
|Population all Countries||40,000|
|Progress Scale||1 ●|
|Frontier People Group||Yes|
|GSEC||1 (per PeopleGroups.org)|
|Pioneer Workers Needed||1|
|Alternate Names||Soliman Bedouin|
|Primary Language||Arabic, Algerian Saharan Spoken (40,000 speakers)|
|Language Code||aao Ethnologue Listing|
|Language Written||Yes ScriptSource Listing|
Primary Language: Arabic, Algerian Saharan Spoken
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Forum Bible Agencies|
|National Bible Societies|
|World Bible Finder|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name|
|Audio Recordings||Arabic Bible Online|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching|
|Film / Video||Jesus Film: view in Arabic, Algerian Saharan Spoken|
|General||Gospel resources links|
|Text / Printed Matter||Tools for faith conversations|
|Major Religion ▲||Percent|
|Christianity (Evangelical 0.02 %)||
|Other / Small||
|Christian Segments ▲||Percent|