West Makian in Indonesia

The West Makian have only been reported in Indonesia
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Makian Barat (West Makian), also called the Makian Luar (Outer Makian), occupy all of the island of Makian except the east coast, which is inhabited by the Makian Timur (East Makian or Inner Makian). Makian is part of the province of North Maluku. The Maluku Islands, historically called the "Spice Islands," consist of over one thousand islands scattered throughout eastern Indonesia. They include most of the islands between Sulawesi and Papua and between Timor and the Philippines. Makian Island is mountainous and is the home of a volcano called Kei Besi, which has erupted several times and claimed many lives. In 1975, with no prior warning, Mount Kei Besi erupted violently. This prompted the national and provincial governments to begin to relocate residents living near the volcano to the nearby island of Halmahera. As a result, many small communities of West Makian people live on the Kayoa islands, located to the south of Makian Island. In the past, most observers classified the Makian as one people group with one language consisting of two dialects. However, careful linguistic analysis has shown that the West Makian language, Jitinee, is part of the West Papuan language cluster, while the East Makian language, Tabayama, is part of the Austronesiam language cluster. The West Makian language is part of a larger linguistic grouping called the North Halmahera which also includes the Galela, Laba, Loloda, Modole, Pagu Tabalu, Tobelo, Tugutil, Gamkonora, Ibu, Kau, sahu, Waioli, Ternate and Tidore.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Most West Makian are farmers. Their primary crops include rice, corn, sweet potatoes, legumes, spices and vegetables. To fell trees, the Makian use short knives (samaran) and axes (tamako) and to plant rice and corn they use canes (hamasik or leko). They also catch fish for their daily needs. In the past, Makian Island was known for producing cloves and nutmeg. One of the important customs of the Makian community is mayakalo, cooperation in work - such as clearing forests, preparing farmland, building homes, wedding celebrations and funerals. The concept of mayakalo is clearly displayed in the movements of the Cawa dance.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The West Makian generally adhere to Islam. The influence of Islam is strongly evident in West Makian arts, such as chanted recitation of prayer, the Salaijin dance, recitation of the Koran and the debus performance involving a display of magic. The debus performance relates to an ancient ancestral system of supernatural power, which includes stabbing oneself without suffering harm.


What Are Their Needs?

The West Makian need to improve their skills in agricultural technology, to produce greater crop yields. They also need better infrastructure to improve transportation of their goods to markets, so their crops can sell for higher prices. The West Makian are also short of preventative medicine and adequate medical treatment. Because of the costs and distance, trips to seek medical attention are usually made as a last resort and are often too late.


Prayer Points

Pray for loving workers to take the gospel message to the West Makian community.
Pray the Lord will prepare the hearts of the West Makian to understand and to believe the gospel.
Pray for the Lord to bless the West Makian people with adequate education and medical facilities.
Pray for the Lord to bless the West Makian people so abundantly that they will see he is the only one worthy of praise and worship.


Scripture Prayers for the Makian, West in Indonesia.


References

IPN, 2011 Copyrighted © Used with permission


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Makian, West
People Name in Country Makian, West
Natural Name West Makian
Alternate Names West Makianese
Population this Country 47,000
Population all Countries 47,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 13424
ROP3 Code 106092
ROP25 Code 304984
ROP25 Name Makian
Country Indonesia
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 42  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Maluku Utara Province; south Halmahera island, southwest coast near Gita town; west Makian island, some Kayoa islands.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Indonesia
Region Asia, Southeast
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 42  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Maluku Utara Province; south Halmahera island, southwest coast near Gita town; west Makian island, some Kayoa islands..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Map of Makian, West in Indonesia Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.05 %)
0.05 %
Ethnic Religions
25.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
74.95 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Primary Language Makian, West (47,000 speakers)
Language Code mqs   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Unknown
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Makian, West (47,000 speakers)
Language Code mqs   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Makian, West

Primary Language:  Makian, West

Bible Translation Status:  Translation Needed

Resource Type Resource Name Source
General Language Learning Phrasebook They Need the Bible
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2024  Anonymous  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group location: WLMS. Map geography: ESRI / GMI. Map design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



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